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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is epidemiology?
The branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health
What is nosology?
The classification of disease
What is the zymotic theory of disease?
Proposed that products of organic decomposition entered body via respiratory tract (obsolete from 1900)
Key contribution of Bentham
'Greatest happiness of the greatest number'
'Welfare through workhouses'
Key contribution of Chadwick
Sanitary reformer
Illustrations of filth and degradation among lower classes
^ Connected to prevalence of disease and high mortality due to poor sanitary provisions, drainage and water supply (remember 'pump' image with death rate near it- that was Snow)

Bequest UCL to extend education in hygiene!
Key contribution of Farr
Repots on cholera epidemics
Statistical nosology, classification of diseases
Produced life tables to look at mortality

Zymotic theory of disease
Key contribution of Nightingale
Observations in army hospitals and out mortality down to their poor condition

Wrote on matters affecting health

Used graphics in arguments
Key contribution of Snow
Cholera 'Broad Street pump'

Mapped cholera deaths

Discovered cholera waterborne - not accepted by peers
Key contribution of Klein
Epidemiology of dental caries, importance of fluoride,
What is miasma theory?
The idea that a vapour (masima) emanated from filth, disease and death. Inhalation lead to illness and death (obsolete by 1900)