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49 Cards in this Set

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(True or False)
Physical growth decreases from ages 3 to 6.
False
(True or False)
Girls are larger than boys throughout childhood.
False
(True or False)
preschool-school children eat less than in infancy and toddler hood for their weight, but the prevalence of obesity has increased.
True
(True or False)
Sleep patterns are affected by cultural expectations.
True
(True or False)
Sleep terrors tend to occur within an hour after falling asleep.
True
(True or False)
Enuresis (Bed wetting) is common and is usually outgrown without special help.
True
(True or False)
Handedness reflects dominance by one hemisphere of the brain.
True
(True or False)
Stages of art production appear to reflect personality rather than brain development.
False
(True or False)
Accidents are the leading cause of death in childhood in the United States.
True
(True or False)
Preventable disease is no longer a problem in the developing world.
False
(True or False)
most fatal non vehicular accidents occur at home.
True
(True or False)
Minor illnesses help build immunity to disease.
True
(True or False)
Environmental factors, such as exposure to stress, have no effect on the rash of illness or injury.
False
(True or False)
Children in the preoperational stage of cognition development always show maturity of thought.
False
(True or False)
The symbolic function enables children to reflect on people, objects, and events only when they are present.
False
(True or False)
Preoperational children can understand the concept of identity.
True
(True or False)
Concentration, or the inability to decenter, prevents preoperational children from understanding principles of conservation.
True
(True or False)
The theory of mind occurs after age 12.
False
(True or False)
Preoperational children are capable of empathy.
True
(True or False)
Preoperational children often focus on states rather than transformations.
True
(True or False)
Children become less competent in pragmatics as they engage in social speech.
False
(True or False)
Interaction with adults can promote emergent literacy.
True
(True or False)
At all ages, recall is better than recognition.
False
(True or False)
Autobiographical memory is linked with the development of language.
True
(True or False)
Children are less likely to remember unusual activities that they actually participate in.
False
Homeless families are usually headed by whom?
Single Mothers
Many poor children do not get the medical care they need because of what reason?
They are uninsured
Facts about homeless pre-schoolers.
3 times greater to not have immunizations, suffer more health problems, and have high rates of tooth decay, diarrhea, or hunger
Advances in preoperational thought includes what?
A growing understanding of identities
Marie is demonstrating what when she lists students who are mean and which are nice.
Ability to classify
Jeffrey cries when his father gives him a broken half of a cookie because its less than a whole cookie. He is demonstrating what?
Centration
Marie thinks clouds are alive because they move. She is demonstrating what?
Animism
The absence of sensory or motor cues, such as Wang Yani's paintings from memory, is know as what?
The Symbolic Function
The awareness of having experienced a particular incident that occured at a specific time and place is known as what?
Episodic Memory
Autobiographical memory and the decline of childhood amnesia may be linked to what?
Development of Language
The development of skills, knowledge, and attitudes that underlie reading and writing is known as what?
Emergent Literacy
_____ memory begins at about the age of 2 and produces a script.
Generic
Private speech is what?
Normal and common in childhood
The process of "fast Mapping" allows children to do what?
Increase their vocabulary rapidly
Children use imaginary companions for what?
Provide support, provide wish fulfillment situations, and to be scapegoats.
A boy's imaginary companion is most usually a what?
An Animal
Who is most likely to have an imaginary companion?
Girls
The existence of imaginary companions in children from ages 3 to 10 is what?
Normal
This is one thing that preoperational children can NOT do.
Distinguish between reality and fantasy
The Symbolic Function is shown in what?
Pretend play
The environmental influences that increase a child's risk of illness and injury include what?
Homelessness, smoking, and poverty
This remains a major problem in the developing world.
Preventable Diseases
Handedness is usually evident by age what?
3
What does the fourth edition of the Stanford-Binet IQ test provide?
Assessment of patterns and levels of cognition development