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126 Cards in this Set

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One-way workflow
The desired flow of materials in a Central Service Department; from soiled to clean to sterile
Material Management Department
The healthcare department responsible for researching, ordering, receiving, and managing inventory (consumable supplies).
Career Ladder
A succession of progressively more responsible professional positions that serves as the foundation of a profession development plan
Certification
Association and industry recognition given to individuals with educational and/or work experience who successfully complete an examination process that demonstrates their knowledge of a subject
-oscopy
visual examination of an organ or joint
Cystectomy
Removal of a cyst
-itis
Inflammation
-ectomy
Surgical removal
Gynecology
The study of diseases affecting the female
Herniorrhaphy
Surgical repair of a rupture
intercosto
Between the ribs
Derma
Skin
BKA - Below the Knee Amputation
Surgical removal of the leg below the knee
CABG - Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Creation of a new blood supply to an area of the heart with a clotted/blocked artery
Cystoplasm
The lining matter of a cell between the cell membrane and the cell nucleus
Cell
The basic unit of life
Nucleus
The functional center ("brain center") of a cell
Connective Tissue
Tissue that provides support, stores energy, and connections other tissues
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue that covers the body's external surface and linings of the body cavities
Nervous Tissue
Tissue of communication that is located throughout the body
Muscular Tissue
When attached to bone, this tissue makes body movement possible
Tendon
A cord of fibrous tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone
Joint
Any place where two bones meet
Ossification
The process by which cartilage is replaced by bone
Open Reduction Internal Fixation - ORIF
This surgery uses implants, like screws and plates, to realign a fractured bone.
Rotator Cuff Repair
This surgery repairs muscles and ligaments of the shoulder joint
Cerebellum
This portion of the brain controls muscle coordination, body balance, and posture
Cerebrum
This portion of the brain controls mental activities and movement
Body balance is regulated by fluid in the ____.
Inner Ear
This surgery reconstructs the ear drum so sound waves can be sent to the middle and inner ear.
Tympanoplasty
Hormones
Chemical messengers that travel through the body and act on target organs
This gland is considered the master gland
Pituitary Gland
The name for the surgical procedure that involves removing a testicle
Orchiectomy
These organs act as a filter to remove excess water and waste substances from the blood
Kidneys
The voice box
Larynx
Surgical term for the removal of a lung
Pneumonectomy
The pathway food takes through the digestive system
Alimentary Canal
The removal of the gall bladder
Cholecystectomy
This surgery is commonly performed to treat morbid obesity
Gastric Bypass
The part of the digestive system where the greatest absorption of nutrients into body cells takes place.
Small Intestines
These carry blood away from the heart
Arteries
These carry blood back towards the heart
Veins
The upper chambers of the heart
Atria
The lower chambers of the heart
Ventricles
Surgery that removes lymph tissue in the pharynx (throat)
Tonsillectomy
These thread-like "tails" attached to cells, allow bacteria to move through liquids
Flagella
Name the two stain tests used to identify bacterial traits
Gram Stain and Ziehl-Neilson Stain
Microorganisms capable of forming a thick wall around themselves that enables them to survive in adverse conditions
Spores
Round or spherical-shaped bacteria
Cocci
Rod-shaped Bacteria
Bacillus
Spiral-shaped bacteria
Spirillum
Bacteria that grow best at body temperature
Mesophiles
The typical method of bacterial reproduction
Binary Fission
A minute infectious agent that grow only in living tissue or cells
Virus
Name the links in the chain of infection
- Causative agent
- Reservoir of the agent
- Portal of exit of the agent to the reservoir
- Mode of transmission
- Portal of entry into the host
- Susceptible host
Bacteria that are capable of growing in the absence of free oxygen
Anaerobic Bacteria
This government agency is dedicated to ensuring a fast, safe, and efficient transportation system
Department of Transportation, or DOT
This government agency reulates the reprocessing of single use devices and the approval of medical devices
Food and Drug Administration, or FDA
Organization that establishes standards and guidelines for the processing of flexible endoscopes
Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates, or SGNA
The percentage of hospital patients that develop a healthcare facility-associated infection
Approximately 10%
The invasion of human body tissue by microorganisms which multiply and produce a reaction
Infection
Minimum length of time Central Service Technicians should scrub their hands during hand washing.
15 seconds
Specialized clothing or equipment worn by an employee for protection against a hazard
Personal Protective Equipment, or PPE
Considers all patients potentially infectious and requires that healthcare professionals protect themselves from contact with blood and other body fluids
Standard Precautions
Vaccine provided to healthcare workers who may come in contact with bloodborne pathogens
Hepatitis B Vaccine
Recommended temperature for the Decontamination area of Central Service
60 to 65 degrees F
(or 16 to 18 degrees C)
Recommended air exchanges for the clean/sterile storage area of the Central Service Department
4 air exchanges per hour
Recommended humidity for the clean/sterile storage area of the Central Service Department
Less than 70%
Open wire racks used in the sterile storage area should have a _____ bottom.
Solid
An inanimate object that can transmit bacteria
Fomite
What is the requirement for routine cleaning of the floors in the Central Service Department?
Floors should be wet-mopped daily.
Name the 5 principles of asepsis
- Know what is dirty
- Know what is clean
- Know what is sterile
- Keep the 3 conditions separate
- Remedy contamination immediately
The process by which ions with an electrical charge are removed from water
Deionization
Water softeners remove _____ and _____ from water
Calcium and Magnesium
Used to remove the chalky-powdery substance that appears on equipment and sinks
Descalers
The instrument preparation process begins in the _____.
User Department
Failure to perform soiled pick up rounds as scheduled can lead to:
Instrument and equipment shortages
Contaminated items should be transported in:
Enclosed containers or carts
Horizontal work surfaces in the decontamination area should be cleaned and disinfected ______.
...at the beginning and end of each shift
The measurement of acidity or alkalinity is called:
pH level
A pH of 0-6 is considered
Acidic
These enzymes break down fatty deposits such as bone marrow and adipose tissue.
Lipase
These enzymes break down blood, mucous, feces, and albumin
Protease Enzymes
A surface-acting agent that lowers the surface tension of a liquid so it can penetrate deep and prevents debris from being re-deposited on the item to which the soil was attached is called a:
Surfactant
The mechanical process by which an ultrasonic cleaner cleans is called:
Cavitation
The spray-force action of water against instruments being processed to physically remove bioburden is called:
Impingement
The use of heat to kill all microorganisms except spores is called:
Thermal disinfection
The destruction of nearly all pathogenic microorganisms on an inanimate surface is called:
Disinfection
Name 2 high-level disinfectants that might be recommended for semi-critical items such as flexible endoscopes and laryngoscopes
Glutaraldehyde and OPA
Which is more corrosion-resistant, Austenitic or Martensitic stainless steel
Austenitic
A chemical process applied during instruments manufacturer that provides a corrosion-resistant finish by forming a thin, transparent oxide film
Passivation
When applying instrument marking tape, it should be wrapped ______ times around the instrument.
1 to 1.5 times
The internal path through a needle, tube, or surgical instrument is called a:
Lumen
AER's are used to:
Clean, disinfect, and rinse flexible endoscopes
This scope would be used to visually inspect the upper digestive tract
Gastroscope
Peel pouches used for low temperature sterilization:
Spundbond polyolefin-plastic combination pouches
An approved absorbent material that allows for air removal, steam penetration, and facilitates drying
Wicking Material
The point of use process by which unwrapped instruments are sterilized for immediate use when an emergency situation arises
Flash Sterilization
A liquid oxidizing agent that is an effective biocide at low temperatures. It is used in a sterilization system that processes immersible instruments for immediate use.
Peracetic Acid, or PA
The most commonly used method of sterilization used in healthcare facilities
Steam Sterilization
This type of steam sterilizer is used for sterilizing liquids
Gravity Air Displacement Sterilizer
The process of sterilizing an item that is packaged
Terminal Sterilization
Steam sterilizers that use an active air removal system
Pre-vacuum Steam Sterilizer
Steam Flush Pressure-Pulse, or SFPP
Name the two most commonly used temperatures for steam sterilization
250 degrees F (121 degrees C) and 270 degrees F (132.2 - 134 degrees C)
How often should the screen strainer in a steam sterilizer by removed, checked, and cleaned?
Daily
Which type of dry heat sterilizer is more efficient?
Mechanical Convection Sterilizer
Procedures used by equipment manufacturers to obtain, record, and interpret test results required to establish that a process consistently produces a sterile product.
Validation
Procedures used by a healthcare facilities to confirm that the validation undertaken by the equipment manufacturer is applicable to the specific setting.
Verification
Test used to evaluate the efficacy of the air removal in a dynamic-air-removal steam sterilizer
Bowie-Dick Test
The amount of time required to kill 90% of the microorganisms present on an object
D-value
Prion disease that requires that instruments be processed differently than standard protocols
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, or CJD
The process by which a device is actively subjected to moving air to facilitate the removal of ethylene oxide gas
Aeration
What is the name of the spore used to test the H202 sterilizers
Geobacillus stearothermophilus
A method of inventory distribution in which item needs are requested by the user department and filled from a central storage location
Requisition System
The difference between the amount of supply that should be available (from records) and the amount that is available (from physical count) when a perpetual inventory system is used
Variance
These technicians are specially trained to test, inspect, and repair patient care equipment
Bio-medical Technicians
This unit provides for auto administration of pain medication
Patient-controlled agalgesia pump, or PCA Pump
The consistent deliver of products and services according to established standards
Quality
The strategy of finding solutions to eliminate the root causes of process performance indicators
Process Improvement
The primary goal of an ergonomics program is to
Reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD's)
The weight of combustible materials per square foot of area in which those materials are located
Combustible loading
A communication roadblock that occurs when a person is favored because of a quality found to be attractive or valuable
Halo Effect
A group of employees from different departments within the healthcare facility that work together to resolve operating problems
Cross-functional team
The sequence of steps used to address customer complaints and problems that yields a win-win situation
Service Recovery
A voluntary process by which an organization measures its performance and services against nationally recognized standards
Accreditation
A healthcare facility that allows patients to have selected surgical procedures performed that do not require hospitalization
Ambulatory Surgery Center