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45 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The functional center of a cell that governs activity and heredity is called the______.
Nucleus
Thread-like "tails" that help bacteria move through liquids are called _______.
Flagella
______ are often pathogenic to humans because they grow best at body temperature.
Mesophiles
Herpes Simplex is a _____ disease.
Viral
Bacteria that require free oxygen to grow are called _____ bacteria
Aerobic
Bacteria are divided into 3 main shape classifications:
Cocci (round), Bacillus (rods), and Spirillum (spirals).
Microorganisms that are capable of forming a thick wall around themselves to survive in adverse conditions are called
Spores
The two most common processes designed to classify bacteria by color change are the ______ and the ______.
Gram Stain and Ziehl-Neilson Stain
Tetanus and botulism do not require free oxygen to grow, so they are classified as _______ bacteria
Anaerobic
Using Gram-Stain classifications, Staphlococcus, Enterococcus, and Streptococcus are examples of Gram-________ bacteria
Positive
The bacterial reproductive process that takes place when a mother cell divides into two daughter cells is called ________.
Binary Fission
List the six steps in the change of infection
1: causative agent
2: reservoir of the agent
3: portal of exit
4: mode of transmission
5: portal of entry
6: susceptible host
_________ is defined as the state of being soiled or infected by contact with infectious organisms or other material
Contamination
Most bacteria are approximately ________ microns in size
1-2 microns
Sunlight is lethal to the _________ stage of pathogens
Vegetative
This organization has established standards for the effective processing of flexible endoscopes. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
SGNA. Voluntary
Furthers international cooperation in improving health conditions. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
WHO. Voluntary
Develops nationally recognized standards, recommended practices, and guidelines for the PeriOperative setting. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
AORN. Voluntary
Protects workers from occupationally-caused illnesses and injuries. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
OSHA. Regulatory
Proposed standards are submitted from members such as AAMI. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
ANSI. Voluntary
Provides standards and evaluations for healthcare facilities. These evaluations are in the form of onsite surveys at least every three years. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
Joint Commission. Voluntary.
Creates and revises standards for processing water for irrigation. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
USP-NFR. Voluntary
Creates and enforces laws relating to cleaner water, air, and land. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
EPA. Regulatory
A voluntary international organization dedicated to the prevention and control of infections and related outcomes. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
APIC. Voluntary
Enforces laws relating to the transportation of medical wastes. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
DOT. Regulatory
Is considered one of the major resources for healthcare guidelines. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
AAMI. Voluntary
International standards to reduce the burden of fire and other hazards. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
NFPA. Voluntary
Promotes health by preventing and controlling disease. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
CDC. Voluntary
Responsible for pre and post market medical device requirements, MedWatch, medical device classification, and medical device recall
FDA. Regulatory
Enhances the global competitiveness and quality of life by promoting standards and ensuring their integrity. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
ANSI. Voluntary
Agency responsible for regulating EO. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
OSHA & EPA. Regulatory
Agency responsible for the MedWatch Program. Is it voluntary or regulatory?
FDA. Regulatory
Give the reason behind this regulation:
Central Service Technicians change from their street clothes into clean attire before entering their work area
Central Service Technicians work in a controlled environment. They help maintain that environment by removing street clothes that may carry contaminants and changing into facility-issued scrubs. They wear hair covers and follow specific dress codes to reduce the amount of microorganisms introduced into the work area
Give the reason behind this regulation:
Before beginning work, Central Service Technicians remove watches and other jewelry before beginning work
Watches and other jewelry can harbor microorganisms that could be transmitted into or out of the Central Service work areas.
Give the reason behind this regulation:
Central Service Technicians wear PPE in the Decontamination area.
PPE is designed to protect workers in biohazard areas from bloodborne pathogen exposures that may occur as they handle contaminated items
Give the reason behind this regulation:
Food and beverages are not allowed in the Central Service work areas
Central Service Technicians should not eat or drink in their work area for several reasons:
-Beverages may spill and contaminate items
-Food and beverages may attract insects
-Central Service Technicians should not eat in the work area because their hands may be soiled and they bay transmit bacteria
-Oils from foods may pass from hands onto surgical instruments
Give the reason behind this regulation:
Floors in the Central Service department should be wet-mopped daily. They should never be swept or dust-mopped.
Floors in the Central Service work areas should never be swept or dust-mopped because those processes cause dust to rise and it may be re-deposited on items in the area. Floors in the Central Service work areas should be wet-mopped at least daily.
A compound in which chlorine is combined with another element or radical (e.g., a salt or hydrochloric acid)
Chloride
A measurement of the ability of water to carry an electrical current
Conductivity
To remove ions which are have an electrical charge
Deionize
The diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane to eliminate impurities in the water
Reverse Osmosis
Water that has been treated and is acceptable for drinking
Tap Water
Having the sediment or solids stirred up to appear cloudy silicate - a mineral derived from silca which from quartz, sand, opal, etc.
Turbidity
A unit of measure that measures the amount of resistance to an electrical current
Ohm
Solution used to remove the white, hard-to-remove substance that sometimes appears on sinks and equipment
Descaler