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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
hygiene
science of health and its maintenance
personal hygiene
self-care functions such as bathing, grooming, brushing, and toileting
factors affecting personal hygiene behavior
1. culture
2. socio-economic class
3. spiritual practices
4. gender
5. environment
6. developmental level
7. health state/energy
8. psychological factors
9. personal preferences
10. advertisement
kinds of scheduled hygiene care
* early morning care - provided to client as they awaken

* morning care - before and after eating breakfast

* afternoon care - provide pt with bedpan, giving oral care, back massage, and face and hand washing

* hours of sleep (HS) - before retiring at night

* as needed (PRN) - as required by the pt
activities of daily living
1. bathing
2. grooming
3. brushing
4. toileting
personal hygiene care involves
1. bed making
2. removal of garbage
3. cleansing of pt
4. removal of dishes, sup. et al
5. placement of nec. sup
6. room straightening
7. assessing the patency of
cleaning equipment
purpose of hygiene provided by the nurse
1. remove microbes
2. increase blood circulation
3. provide comfort
4. improve self-image
bathing and skin care
remove accumulated oil, perspiration, dead skin cells, and bacteria
2 categories of baths
* cleaning baths - given for sole purpose of hygiene. 43-46 C

* therapeutic baths - for physical effects such as soothing an irritated skin or to treat an area and must have dx order.

infant 40.5 C
adult 37.7 - 45 C
types of therapeutic baths
1. saline - 0.9% NaCl isotonic (for wound care and irrigation)

2. oatmeal, cornstarch - relieve itchiness

3. iodine, KMNO4 - antibacterial action

4. NACHO3 - cooling effects and relieves skin irritation
types of cleaning baths
1. complete bed bath
2. self-help bath
3. partial bath (abbreviated)
4. bag bath
5. tub bath
6. shower
skin
largest organ of the body
bodies' first line of defense
pH 5-6
five major functions of skin
1. protects the body
2. regulates body temp
3. sense organ
4. excretory organ
5. helps maintain H2O and electrolyte balance
6. produces and absorbsvitamin D (cholecalceferol)
7. secretes sebum
2 layers of the skin
1. epidermis - superficial; has no
blood vessel
2. dermis - fatty tissue; serves
as insulator
2 glands of the skin
1. sebaceous gland
sebum: oily substance of skin and hair
starts to function during adolescence
has a bacteria killing action

2. sudoriferous gland
are on all body surfaces except the lips and parts of the genitals
2 classification of sweat glands
1. apocrine glands
located in axillae and anogenital areas; hormonal

2. eccrine glands
located on palm of the hands, soles of feet, and forehead; stress

3. ceruminal glands - secretes cerumen
resident bacteria of the skin
Adult
1. micrococci
corynebacterium
proprionibacterium

2. fungi
pirtyrosporin

Children
spore forming rods - Neiserria aka diapher rash
factors affecting skin conditions
1. developmental considerations
fetus/newborn (0-1 mos)
venix caseosa - white cheesy material that covers the body
sweat glands - starts after 30 days
skin - easily injured and subject to infection

toddlers (1-3 yrs)
skin becomes resistant to injury
special care following play activities and during toilet training

adolescence
acne and body odor

older adult
wrinkle, sagging, brown spots, heat insensitivity, fragile

2. health state
very thin and very obese - excessive respiration
fluid loss (dehydration) - jaundice
disease of the skin - eczema, psoriasis
diaphoresis - excessive perspiration
bromhidrosis - foul smelling perpsiration
agents commonly used in skin care
1. soap - lowers surface tension
2. detergent
3. bath oil - oily film
4. skin cream, lotion - prevent evaporation
5. powder - absorb water and prevent friction
6. deodorant
7. antiperspirant