• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/111

Click to flip

111 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
*Palladio
1570 - Four Books on Architecture
Use of statues, pillars, arcs, triangles.
Villas.
Numerical harmonic measurements.

Painting of Christ and disciples - heads glowing, diagonal where the table is, disturbed balance, unusual usage of color and proportions
architecture
St. Peter's
something
Michelangelo
Bernini's colonnade and statues
Borromini
something
architecture
Versailles
- Hardouin-Mansart
- Lebrum
Palace:
Hall of Mirrors facing garden
King's Apartment
Bust of Bernini (twisted, motion)
king's bedroom - ornate
Decorations - Le Brum
Apollo fountain - horses, energy, spouting water
Opera house - ballet, theater
- king often acted in ballets
architecture
Inigo Jones
England
Banqueting House in London
architecture
Christopher Wren
St. Paul's Cathedral, London
architecture
Sluter
Limbourg Bros.
sculpture
*Bernini
portraits of various members of the court, swirly, northern renaissance sculptures
sculpture
Differences among high Renaissance, mannerist, and Baroque (Counter-reformation, aristocratic, bourgois) styles
- Wolfflin's categories (linear vs. painterly)
Renaissance: at the funeral of the Duke of Burgundy there was a huge artistic procession - included a sculpture of the Well of Moses, realist European sculptures, Moses statue with horns
- illuminations (painted decorations), first time breath and smoke were painted
- urban life - religious paintings
- linear
- H. R. perspective construction, primary colors, balance and order

Baroque: illusion, movement, religious fervor
painting
Limbourg Bros
- illumination / book of hours
Sluter
painting
*Van Eyck
Development of oil painting.
Painted "Adoration of the Lamb" - multiple panels fold out into altarpiece
- Adam and Eve, God, Mary and John the Baptist, Christ on the altar
painting
*Durer
woodcut and engraving - Northern Renaissance Art.
First major artist to publish his art in a book.
Convert to Lutheranism
First self-portrait at age 13...multiple self-portraits throughout his life.
Loved nature (watercolors), painted Renaissance and Venetian life, scientific portrayals, animals, perspective, human proportions
Engravings on wood and metal
"Knight, Death, and the Devil" wood block; "Adam and Eve," "Four Apostles"
Erasmus called him "The Appelles of the black line"
Painted a portrait of Erasmus
Went to Italy to learn from Venetians
painting
Cranach
painted Luther
painting
Altdorfer
something
painting
Grunewald
Painted altarpiece of Christ's Crucifixion (most gruesome representation)
- Mary in John's arms
Painted another portrayal of Christ's resurrection (weightless and majestic)
painting
Bosch
something
painting
*Bruegel
Northern Renaissance Art.
*Painted "The Fall of Icarus" - everything turns away from the disaster
Painted peasant life (The Wedding Scene)
painting
Hilliard
something
painting
Holbein
something
painting
Titian
something
painting
*Tintoretto
Mannerist
Painted The Last Supper - Christ with bright light around head. Diagonal on left, straight up on right.
painting
Pontormo
something
painting
Parmigianino
something
painting
El Greco
Painting - Christ driving people away
- Mannerist
- right side straight and stable
- left side switches to diagonal instability
painting
*Caravaggio
chiaroscuro (tenebrism)
Tenebrism (Latin for dark) – lights down low, in painting, dramatically highlights some detail
- Caravaggio, Velatour, Rembrant
- Different tonality of the painting

The Conversion of St. Paul painting - man lying under trampling horse
painting
A. Gentileschi
something
painting
La Tour
something
painting
Poussin
something
painting
Claude (Lorrain)
something
painting
Rigaud
something
painting
*Velazquez
Painted young girl princess
- see him standing in background
- mirror reflects king and queen
painting
*Rubens
Baroque Art
Architecture in England and Netherlands
Painted for royalty
Paintings of the crucifixion, portraits, and lanscapes
Flemish painter (Flanders - France)
Netherlands (Protestant area)
Catholic
painting
*Rembrandt
Many self-portraits
Limited printing pallet (browns and reds - no greens)
Pastel technique - used paint like clay, more sculpturesque
Painting of Abraham and Isaac
- woman taken in adultery
- crucifixion
painting
van Dyck
something
painting
Hals
something
painting
Vermeer (contrast with Rembrandt)
something
painting
still life
something
painting
genre scene
painting of everyday life
painting
corporate (group) portrait, esp. Hals and Rembrandt
something
painting
Religious affiliations of artists (which are protestant?)
something
painting
Group identifications (tenebrists, landscape painters)
something
painting
Montaigne (Essays)
something
literature
hum. and presumption
*Shakespeare
- Hamlet - identify lines of main characters, Roman tragedies broadly
Ghost of Hamlet's father appears to him at midnight, demands vengeance.

"To be or not to be" Hamlet

Polonius and King plotting with Ophelia to spy on Hamlet.

After Hamlet kills Polonius he argues with mother that she cannot call what she has with Claudius "love"

Laertes returns from France and demands his father from the king - wants revenge for the death of Polonius
literature
Metaphysical poetry and its relevance to mannerism
Shocking images and paradox represent what is happening
literature
*John Donne
"An Anatomy of the World" compared to Castiglione's "The Courtier"
- circular orbits

Castiglione argues the earth is in the center, heavens and sun revolving around it, God is like a circle
literature
Andrew Marvell
"To His Coy Mistress" - arguing "seize the day"
literature
Milton
Began Paradise Lost 1654, published 1667 (reign of Charles II)
Puritan, Latin secretary to Cromwell
Wrote treatises against Charles I
be

Paradise Lost: Adam and Eve
-expectations, children, virtue
literature
epic conventions, blank verse, blindness
Ex: Achilles and Aeneas, two epic heroes alluded to by Milton
Pietas (loyal, dutybound, obedient)
vs Adam (disloyal, heroic built, anti-Aeneas, can't leave Eve
literature
Moliere
wrote Tartuffe (comedy)
- comedic sattire
- offends piety
literature
Renaissance Humanism
Montaigne, Erasmus, More (including Erasmus's lit. portrait), Hamlet quotes
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Montaigne
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Erasmus
Argued with Luther about truth
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Thomas More
More's Epitaph (A Man For All Seasons)
Put into prison for not taking the oath of supremacy. Accused for denying the king's title through silence. He argued that silence equals consent, not denial ("Qui taret consentire")
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Platonism
Ficino, Pico, optimism about human potential
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Reformation
Inner spiritual renewal. The construct of the Church was being critiqued and changed.
Luther, Erasmus, Zwingli, Calvin
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Martin Luther
A reformer and revolutionary.
Nailed up 95 theses (arguments) against the church, in 1517.
Published 3 treatises in 1520.
Protestantism fractured.
debate over sacrament with Svingli
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Erasmus (and Luther debate)
Distinguished man in writing, critical of the church.
Favored Luther's work.
Didn't like to argue, but was pressed to share his opinion on Luther.
He finally wrote a modest treatise against Luther in 1520s:

Erasmus: took middle ground, Catholic, didn't like to argue, modest and humble, shared parable of child and father

Luther: more fiery and straightforward, Christian perspective, accuses Erasmus of having little understanding of Christian scripture, claimed the will cannot be altered (it goes where God or Satan chooses)
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Zwingli
Catholic priest
Focused on simplicity in the church; replaced windows with stained glass, podium in the center, replaced silver chalice with wooden cup for sacrament
Argued against Luther
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Calvin
predestination, The Institute, tried to create community where all aspects of life were monitored under religious leaders (theocracy – in Geneva -> Scotland -> foundation of the period)
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Counter-Reformation
Ignatius Loyola, St. Teresa of Avilla
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Ignatius Loyola
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
St. Teresa of Avilla
depicted by Bernini
- Counter-reformation – emotion and religion, mysticism
- Direct and immediate relationship with God
- Wrote a lot – prominent mystic of the time period
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Monarchs - which ones were patrons?
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Henry VIII of England
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Philip IV of Spain
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Elizabeth I of England
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Charles I of England, the Puritan Revolution
Son of James I.
3-sided portrait painted by Van Dyke so his face could be sculpted by Bernini
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Louis XIV of France
Le grand roi / siecle
"L'etat c'est moi"
Full power at 21 (1661), defined himself as the SUN/SON - rules alone, supreme, final word
Versailles
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Urban VIII
pope, patron of arts, especially Bernini
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Scientific Revolution
Vesalius, Harvey, Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo
Metaphysical poetry and mannerism
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Vesalius
anatomy
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Harvey
circulation of blood
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Copernicus
something
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Kepler
elliptical orbits
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
*Galileo
Wrote letter concerning who has the authority to articulate views. There are different ways of understanding truth. In scientific investigation we should begin with observation in nature because it follows absolute laws; the bible isn’t absolute.
Church accused Galileo of heresy.
He was told to abandon his views on Copernicus.

Wrote the letter to the mother of his patron.
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Philosophy and Scientific Revolution
Bacon, Descartes, Pascal
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Francis Bacon
Novum Organum
- truth
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
*Descartes
Discourse on Method
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
Pascal
Pensees
history, philosophy, science, and ideas
General features of Renaissance style, choral polyphony, Josquin des Prez
something
music
Elizabethan motet/anthem/mass
Tallis and Byrd.
Some music composed by King Henry.
Tendency towards syllabic text music (one note for every syllable)

Motet: Principle music form during the Renaissance. Religious composition with Latin text.

Anthem: Multiple choirs of about five adding on to each other...

Mass: songs written by William Byrd to tribute Tallis at death
music
Tallis
Tallis scholars - prestigious group of singers.
William Byrd wrote him a tribute at his death (mass for four).
music
William Byrd
Wrote a tribute to Tallis at his death.
Wrote songs for mass.
music
Reformation context of Tallis and Byrd
something
music
madrigal form
From Italy
Morely, Weelkes, Monteverdi, word painting
- Monteverdi – master of Italian madrigal – opera
- Mordi – month of may
- Wilkes – more elaborate
music
Morely
madrigal
music
Weelkes
madrigal
music
Monteverdi
The birth of opera (madrigal).
1607 - wrote Orfeo, the first opera.
- showed in Court of Madua
Very accomplished musician
Recitative
Added choral parts to madrigal.
music
word painting
used in madrigal.
Words color the music
Ex: "Running down" "sailing up" "all alone"
music
Dowland
lute and ayre
music
opera
includes Florentine Camerata, Monteverdi, Purcell, Lully, recitative, aria, ground bass
music
Florentine Camerata
Group of poets studying classical pieces.
Included Peri (wrote Dafne, a musical play with sung speech [recitative]), Montiverde
music
*Monteverdi
opera
Purcell
Dido and Aeneas
- repetitive chords
music
Lully
court composer of Louis XIV, opera
conducted with a staff
music
recitative
opera
music
aria
opera
music
ground bass
repetitive chords
music
Distinctive features of Baroque style
1600-1750 - style of counter-reformation, style of 17th century
instrumental genres - continuo (harpsichord or organ...composer adds) and figured bass (improv), ritornello, fugue, terraced dynamics, concerto grosso, suite
Ground bass - repeated series of chords
Chittorone - long-stringed instrument

polyphonic, chromatic tones, emotion

continuous tone color throughout one movement

Monteverdi, Purcell, Scarlatti, Vivaldi, Handel (1750), Bach, Gremier
music
Continuo
typically a harpsichord or organ
music
ritornello
Baroque - a little return

RIT -> solo 1 -> RIT -> solo 2 -> RIT...
tonic key -> other key -> tonic key
music
fugue
Baroque - "flight"
- imitating voices
- subject entry
1 voice
next voice
next voice
music
terraced dynamics
Baroque
music
concerto grosso
soloist group - merge as part of orchestra (strings, continuo)
Fast-slow-fast
music
suite
Baroque orchestral suite
Dances: Allemande (upbeat), Courante, Sarabande, Minuet

Handel's Water Music
music
oratorio
Has all elements of opera except costumes and spectacle
- choral parts, instruments, arias
- Passion, cantata

Bach "Johannes Passion"
music
Passion
type of oratorio, Suffering of Christ, crucifixion
music
cantata
hymn chorale
music
Bach
"The Well-Tempered Clavier"
fugues
"A Mighty Fortress is our God"
- eight movements for chorus, soloists, and orchestra

"Johannes Passion" (oratorio)
- follows John 18-19
- chromatic
- weeping bitterly
- introspective poems - stripes across Christ's back like a rainbow

- religious emotion
music
Handel
"The Messiah"
"Water Music"
- played on barge for royalty

Wrote operas
music
Vivaldi
"Spring"
music