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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anthropoidea
non-prosimians
eocene
epoch in which the first definate primate fossils are found
tertiary
geological period from 5mya to 65mya
hominoidea
superfamily of extant apes and humans
2133
tooth formula for new world monkeys
prosimians
lower primates
sapiens
speceis name for humans
hominidae
bipedal primates
platyrrhini
inferorder of new world monkeys
hylobatidae
siamangs and gibbons
homo
genus of contemporary humans
brachiations
arm-swinging form of locomotion
canines
marker of sexual dimorphism in baboons
island hopping theory
explanatio of how the new world monkeys arrived in the new world
convergent evolution
explanation of why species have similar characteristics but are unrelated -- ie: fish and whales
derived characteristics
traits taht differ from those of a common ancestor
post cranial
skeleton below the head
quadrupedalism
locomotion on all fours
arboreal
habitual tree-dweller
diurnal
having activity periods in the daytime.
omomyidae
early to late eocene
old and new world monkeys
tarsier-like
adapidae
early to late eocene
old and new world monkeys
lemur-like
catopithecus
late eocene
fayum, Egypt
furst true anthropiod, retains some prosimian traits
aegyptopithecus
early oligocene
fayum, egypt
arboreal quarduped
first catarrhine
parapithecidae (apidium)
early oligocene
fayum, egypt
possible ancestor to new world monkey
2:1:3:3
proconsul
early miocene
rusinga island, kenya
dental ape
protohominoid
victoriapithecus
early miocece
rusinga island, kenya
ancestor of cercopithecoids
kenaypithecus
early to middle miocene
kenya
protohominoid
dental ape
sivapithecus
middle miocene
potwar plateau, pakistan
ancestor to orangutans
ouranopitheucs
late miocene
greece
stem ancestor to african great apes
laccopithecus
late miocene
southern china
possible ancestor of gibbons
australopithecus
pliocene (later members in pleistocene)
east and south africa
first definite bipeds in fossil record
gigantopithecus
pleistocene
china and southeast asia
4th great ape
only ape to ever go extinct
largest primate ever