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17 Cards in this Set

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AL 288-1
Lucy
Australopithecus afarensis
E.Africa
Hadar, Laetoli
3.6-3.0 mya
Lucy (AL 288-1)
Laetoli footprints (M.Leaky)
primitive traits
sexually dimorphic
retention of climbing ability
thick enamel,large pointed teeth, sectoral complex, diastema
long, projecting canine
first H.erectus fossil found by ____ in Java in 1891
Eugene Dubois
H.ergaster
Africa, W.Asia
1.9-1.4 mya
~600-1,000cc
=H.erectus
Olduwan tools
Australopithecus gahri
E.Africa
Middle Awash (Bouri)
2.5 mya
T.White
~?cc
Oldowan tools
long forlimbs and hindlimbs
large teeth, projecting face
ancestor of H.
WT 17000
Black Skull
Australopithecus africanus
S.Africa
Taung, Sterkfotein, Makapansgat
3.5-2.5 mya
R.Dart
440cc
bipedal
lower projecting face
6 lumbar (STS 14)
sterkfonstein complete skeleton
Paranthropus aethiopicus
E.Africa
West Lake Turkana
2.5 mya
A.Walker
410cc
Black Skull
ancestral to P.robustus/P.boisei
large sag.. crest
dish shaped face with flaring zygomatic
Orrorin tugenesis
-East Africa
-TUgen Hills, Kenya
-~6.0 mya
-A.Hill and B.Senut
-~?cc
-postcranial bone w/jaw frag
-femur humanlike
-humerus/finger bone arboreal adapted
-lg incisor and upper canine
H.heidelbergensis
Africa,Europe, Asia
600kya-130kya
~950-1390cc
co-existed w/ H.erectus
hunting
semipermanent shelters
controlled use of fire
big brain
Sahelanthropus tchadensis
-central Africa
-Toros-menella, Chad
-7.0-6.0 mya
-Michael Brunet
-~320-380cc
flat face
-canines smaller than chimps
-maybe bipedal
Ardipithecus ramidus
-E.Africa
-Aramis
-5.8-4.4 mya
-T.White
-~400cc
-possible human ancestor
-ape-like cranium
-possible incipent biped
Paranthropus boisei
E.Africa
OH, Koobi FOra
2.0-1.0 mya
M,L, R Leaky
~520cc
Zinzanthropus boisei=M.Leaky
sag. crest, dish face, flaring zygomatic, post canine megadontia,hyper robust
H.habilis
E.Africa
E.Lake Turkana, Olduvai
2.5-1.5 mya
M.L.Leakey
~631cc
increased cranial capacity
reduced molars, increased incisors
tool use
sexual dimorrphism
circle of stones
E.Africa distribution sim to Dmanisi spec.
Paranthropus robustus
S.Africa
Swartkrans,Komdraai
2.0-1.5 mya
R.Broom
530cc
sag.crest
dish face, flaring zygomatic
post-canine megadontia
less exaggerated than P.boisei
Kenyathropus platyops
-E.Africa
-West Lake Turkana
-3.5-3.2 mya
-Meave Leaky
-~420-440cc
-unique-small cheek teeth, big/flat face hence sep. genus
Australopithicus anemensis
-E.Africa
-Kanapoi, Allia Bay
-Meave Leaky, A.Walker
-~400cc
-earliest austropith.
-biped
-large canines, diastema, sect. complex
-mandibular shape diff from A.afarensis (more splayed out)