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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The male gonads, or primary sex organs
Testes are suspended in the sacs of the scrotum.
Tightly coiled duct lying just outside each testis. *maturation occurs here
Vas Deferens
When sperm leave an epididymis they enter vas deferens where they may also be stored for a time. Each curves around the bladder and empties into an ejaculatory duct.
Tubular structure that receives urine from th eladder and carries it to the outside of the body.
At the time of ejaculation, sperm leave the penis in a fluid called semen.
Cap at the anterior end of a sperm that partially covers the nucleus and contains enzymes that help the sperm penetrate the egg.
Assisited Reproductive technologies (ART)
Medical tecniques, sometimes performed in vitro, that are done to increase the chances of prgnancy.
Birth control pill
Oral contraceptive containing estrogen and progesterone.
Bulbourethral gland
Either of two small stuctures located below the prostate gland in males each adds secretions to semen.
Narrow end of the uterus, which projects into the vagina.
Sheath used to cover the penis during sexual intercourse used as a contraceptive and, if latex, to minimize the risl of transmitting infection.
Medication or device used to reduce the chance of pregnancy.
Corpus Luteum
Yellow body that forms in the ovary from a follicle that has discharged its secondary oocyte: it secretes progesterone and some estrogen.
Dome shaped horizontal sheet of muscle and connective tissue that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity. also, a birth control device consisting of a soft rubber or latex cup that fits over the cervix.
Female gamete having the haploid number of chromosomes that is fertilized by a sperm, the male gamete.
presence of uterine tissue outside the uterus, which can contribute to infertility; possibly the result of irregular menstrual flow.
Mucous membrane lining the interior surface of the uterrus.
Erectile dysfunction
Failure of the penis to achieve erection.
Female sex hormone that helps maintain sex organs and secondary sec characteristics.
Fingerlike extension from the oviduct near the ovary
Structure in the ovary that produces a secondary oocyte and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone (Fsh)-
Hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates development of an ovarian follcicle in a female o the production of sperm in a male.
haploid sex cell the egg or a sperm which join in fertilization to form a zygote
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone-(Gnrh)
Hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the anterior pituitary to secret follicle stimulationg hormone and luteinzing hormone.
Human chronic gonadotropin
Hormone produced by the chorion that functions ot maintain the uterine lining.
Attachment and penetration of the embyro into the linging og the uterus
Inability to have as many children as possible.
Interstitial cell
Hormone secreting cell located between the seminiferous tublules of the testes.
Interstitial cell stimulating hormone (Icsh )
Name sometimes given to luteinizing hormone in males controls th e production of testosterone by interstitial cells.
Intrauterine devine
Birth control device consisting of a small piece of molded plasic inserted into the uterus,and believed that fertilization does not occur.
Luteinizing hormone
Hormone that controls the production of testosterone by interstitial cells in males an promotes the development of the corpus luteum in females.
Termination of the ovarian and uterine cycles in older women.
Loss of blood and tissue from the uterus at the end of a uterine cycle
Production of an egg in females by the process of meiosis and maturation.
Tube that transports eggs to the uterus;also called uterine tube.
Female gonad that produces eggs and the female sex hormones
Ovarian Cycle
Monthly follicle changes occuring in the ovary that conntrol the level of sex hormones in the blood and the uterine cycle.
Release of secondary oocyte form the ovary if fertilization occurs, the sexoncdary oocyte becomes an egg.
Pap test
Analysis done on cervical cells for detection of cancer.
Structure that forms form the chorion and th uterine wall and allows the embryo, and then the getus, to axquire nutrients and rid itself of wastes.
External organ in males through which the urethra passes also serves as the organ of sexual intercourse.
Female sex hormone that helps maintain sex organs and secondary sex characteristics.
Prostate gland
gland located around the male yrethra below the urinary bladder adds secretions to semen