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75 Cards in this Set

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Define what a Joint is
a union between one bone and another
List the three major joint groups
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
what is the fancy name for the fibrous joint
synarthrosis
what is the fancy name for the cartilaginous joint
amphiarthrosis
what is the fancy name for the synovial joint
diarthrosis
the three joints are grouped according to what?
the method of union between the bones
The fibrous joint is when bones are united by what
connective tissue fibers
what is movement like in the fibrous joint
little or no movement
is there a joint cavity
no
how many types of fibrous joints are there
3
what are the 3 types of fibrous joints
suture, syndesmoses, gomphoses
where can sutures be found and which joint category are they with
between the bones in the skull

fibrous
where can syndesmoses be found and which joint category are they with
fibula , tibia

fibrous
Where can gomphoses be found and which joint category are they with
teeth, fibrous
what is the cartilaginous joint made up of
fibrocartilage
hyline cartilage
what are characteristics of the fibrocartilage
great tensile strength
absorbs compression
what are characteristics of the hyaline cartilage
supports and reinforces
resists compression
what is movement like in the cartilaginous joint
little or no movement
is there a joint cavity in the cartilaginous joint
no
how many types of cartilaginous joints are there
what are these types
synchondroses
symphyses
what are the 2 types of cartilaginous joints
synchondroses
symphyses
Which cartilaginous joint is made up of which cartilage
synchondroses = hyaline
symphyses = fibrocartilage
Which cartilaginous joint is the epiphyseal plate an example of
synchondroses
Which cartilaginous joint is the intervertebral disks an example of
symphyses
what is the synovial joint
a cavity between the articular surfaces
in the synovial joint bones are seperated by what
a fluid filled cavity
is there movement in the synovial joint
yes it is freely movable
is there a cavity in the synovial joint
yes thats what seperates the bones
in the synovial joint, the joint space is enclosed by what
a fibrous capsule
in the synovial joint what lines the walls of the joint space
synovial membrane
in the synovial joint the synovial membrane secretes what
synovial fluid
in the synovial joint, the synovial fluid provides what 2 things
it provides lubrication
it provides nurishment to the articular cartilage
in the synovial joint, what does it mean when the joint is called a "closed pack"
the joint is at its least amount of volume
List the 6 types of joints
ball and socket
condyloid
hinge
ellipsoid
pivot
saddle
what is an example of a ball nd socket joint
hips
shoulder joints
what is an example of a condyloid
knee joint
what is an example of a ellipsoid joint
fingers
what is an example of a hinge joint
elbow
what is an example of a pivot joint
spins ur arm around
what is an example of a saddle joint
thumb
tendons connect what to what
muscle to bone
ligaments connect what to what
bone to bone
what is a bursa
a fluid filled sac
what is the main purpose of a bursa
to prevent friction
List the 3 anatomical positions
frontal
saggital
transverse
What is another name for frontal anatomical section
coronal
What is another name for transverse anatomical section
horizontal
how does frontal anatomical section divide the body up
into front nd back
how does saggital anatomical section divide the body up
divides the body into sides
how does transverse divide the body up
into superior nd inferior sections
has a top nd a bottom
in orientation/direction which way does superior go
toward the head end or upper part of the body
in orientation/direction which way does inferior go
away from the head
toward the lower part of a structure or the body
in orientation/direction which way does anterior go
toward/ at the front of the body
in orientation/direction which way does posterior go
toward/ at the back of the body
in orientation/direction which way does medial go
toward or at the midline of the body
in orientation/direction which way does lateral go
away from the midline of the body
in orientation/direction which way does proximal go
closer to the center of the body
in orientation/direction which way does distal go
farther away from the center of the body
in orientation/direction which way does superficial go
toward or at the body surface
in orientation/direction which way does deep go
away from the body surface
more internal
what are the 4 terms of movement
ABduction
ADduction
extension
flexion
in ABDUCTION where do the limbs move towards
they move away from the mideal plane
they move away from the body
in ADDUCTION where do the limbs move towards
they move toward the median plane
bring in to your body
in extension what is happening to the angle of a joint
you are increasing the angle of the joint
in flexion what is happening to the angle of a joint
you are decreasing the angle of the joint
List the 2 terms of attachment
insertion
origin
which form of attachment is movable and which form of attachment is fixed
origin = fixed
insertion = movable
what is at the most superior point of the anterior abdominal wall
diaphragm
what is at the most inferior part of the anterior abdominal wall
pelvis
what is found going anterior and lateral in the anterior abdominal wall
muscular walls
what is at the most posterior part of the anterior abdominal wall
lumbar vertebra
what are the three actions of the anterior abdominal wall
1. stabilization nd movement of lumbar nd thoracic spine
2. posterior pelvic tilt
3. accessory respiratory muscle
what are the 4 main muscles of the anterior abdominal wall
rectus abdominis
external abdominal oblique
internal abdominal oblique
transverse abdominis
what are the two nerves of the rectus abdominis
branches of intercostals nerves
subcostal nerves
where can tendinous inscriptions be found and what are they
they can be found in the rectus abdominis
they are what makes the abbs defined