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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pectoralis
chest muscle located within the pectoral girdle
proprioception
means perception of the stimuli
minimus or minor
meaning smaller or smallest
rectus
meaning straight
triangularis
a muscle of the face which is triangular in shape
abdominis
located in the abdominal area
biceps
a muscle with two heads
intercostal
muscle located between ribs
triceps
a muscle with three heads
maximus or major
both of these terms mean larger or largest
sternocleidomastoid
attached to the sternum, clavicle, and mastoid process of the skull
zygomaticus
attached to the zygoma (bone of the face)
oblique
in a slanting or inclined direction
longus
meaning long
transverse
meaning across or placed crosswise
dorsal
pertaining to the bck, also used to denote a position which is more toward the back than another object of reference
internal
situated or occurring within or on the inside
medial
something closer to the middle or the midline
lateral
something which is further from the midpoint or to the side
extensor
general term for a muscle which extend a joint
external
situated or occurring on the outside
distal
remote, farther from any point of reference
flexor
general term for a muscle which flexes a joint
coronal
situated in the direction of the coronal suture - also means pertaining to the head or the crown
anterior
situated in front of or toward the front of a body part or organ. Term also used in reference to ventral or belly surface of the body
inferior
situated below or directed downward, also used to denote the lower portion of an organ or the lower of two structures
posterior
situated in the back, also used in reference to the back or dorsal surface of the body
lateral
pertaining to the side, denoting a position farther from the midline of a structure
levator
a muscle which elevates or lifts an organ or structure
transverse
placed crosswise, situated at right angles to the long axis
proximal
nearest, closer to any point of reference, opposite of distal
sagittal
situated in or parallel to the sagittal suture, sais of an anteroposterior plane or parallel to the median part of the body
ventral
pertaining to the abdomen also used to denote a position which is more toward the belly surface than some other object of reference
medial
pertaining to the middle, closer to the midline of a body, pertaining to the middle layer
rhomboideus
a muscle of the back, shaped like a rhomboid
brevis
meaning short
adductor
movement to draw toward a medial plane
involuntary muscles
called smooth or nonstriated muscles
striated
voluntary muscles that respond to nerve signals from the brain to carry out a variety of movements and functions