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36 Cards in this Set

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HORMONES
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS [MOSTLY THOSE MANUFACTURED BY THE ENDOCRINE GLANDS] THAT ARE PRODUCED IN ONE TISSUE AND AFFECT ANOTHER
NEUROTRANSMITTERS
CHEMICAL MESSENGERS THAT TRAVERSE THE SYNAPTIC GAPS BETWEEN NEURONS; BIND TO RECEPTOR SITES ON RECEIVING NEURONS AND INFLUENCE WHETHER THAT NEURON WILL GENERATE A NEURAL IMPULSE; can be defined as chemicals released by neurons which carry information from one neuron to another. These chemicals are then read or received by a neuron's synapses.
REUPTAKE
The process by which used neurotransmitters are taken back into cells to be recycled or destroyed
ALZHEIMER'S
GRADUAL DETERIORATION OF NEURONS THAT PRODUCE THE NT ACETYLCHOLINE.
DEPRESSION
WHEN NOREPINEPHRINE AND SEROTONIN ARE LOW; DRUGS BLOCK UPTAKE OR CHEMICAL BREAKDOWN OF THESE NT'S
PARKINSON'S DISEASE
degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that often impairs the sufferer's motor skills and speech; The primary symptoms are the results of excessive muscle contraction, normally caused by the insufficient formation and action of dopamine.
MIGRAINES
DISABLING EPISODIC HEADACHES; CAUSED BY LOW LEVELS OF SEROTONIN
ENDORPHINS
NT'S LINKED TO PAIN CONTROL AND PLEASURE; NATURAL, OPIATE-LIKE; "MORPHINE WITHIN"
SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
THE DIVISION OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT AROUSES THE BODY, MOBILIZING IT'S ENERGY IN STRESSFUL SITUATIONS
PARASYMPATHETIC
THE DIVISION OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; CALM'S THE BODY; CONSERVES AND RESTORES IT'S ENERGY

EX: PERRY SIMS HEART RATE AND BREATHING CAN SLOW, AND HER DIGESTIVE TRACT CAN SPEED UP TO DIGEST CALORIES AND SAVE ENERGY BECAUSE OF THIS
CEREBELLUM
"LITTLE BRAIN" ATTACHED TO THE REAR OF THE BRAIN STEM; IT HELPS COORDINATE VOLUNTARILY MOVEMENT AND BALANCE
Sara can lift up her hand and balance because of this
MEDULLA
THE BASE OF THE BRAIN STEM; CONTROLS HEARTBEAT AND BREATHING; primarily responsible for breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and coughing.

EX: Maddy was coughing and her heart rate was up...
RETICULAR FORMATION
A NERVE NETWORK IN THE BRAIN STEM THAT PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CONTROLING AROUSAL

EX: Rita Forman can lie down, sleep, wake up, and walk because of this.
THALUMUS
SENSORY SWITCHBOARD; LOCATED ON TOP OF THE BRAIN STEM;
It acts as a director of information related to bodily functions such as seeing, sleeping, hearing, waking, tasting, and touching; directs messages to the cortex; transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla
CORPUS CALLOSUM
THE LARGE BAND OF NEURAL FIBERS CONNECTING THE TWO BRAIN HEMI'S AND CARRYING MESSAGES BETWEEN THEM

EX: Cory Cola allows the left and the right side of the brain to communicate
TWIN STUDIES
WHEN LONG LOST TWINS WERE REUNITED, THEY DISCOVERED THAT THEY HAD LOTS IN COMMON... THINGS SUCH AS THEIR DAILY ROUTINES, NAMES OF THEIR KIDS, ETC.
PERSONALITY
AN INDIVIDUAL'S CHARACTERISTIC PATTERN OF THINKING, FEELING, AND ACTING
TESTOSTERONE
BOTH MALES AND FEMALES HAVE IT; ADDITION IN MALES HELPS WITH GROWTH OF MALE SEX ORGANS IN THE FETUS AND DEVELOPMENT OF MALE SEX CHARACTERISTICS DURING PUBERTY
GENDER SCHEMA THEORY
THEORY THAT WE LEARN THE CONCEPT OF WHAT IT MEANS TO BE MALE OR FEMALE FROM OUR CULTURE AND ADJUST OUR BEHAVIOR ACCORDINGLY

EX: IN SOME CULTURES, MALES WILL SIT AND TALK ABOUT POLITICS WHILE THE FEMALES ARE SUPPOSED TO BE SLAVING OVER THE FOOD IN THE KITCHEN TO SERVE THE MALES
GENDER IDENTITY THEORY
ONE'S SENSE OF BEING MALE OR FEMALE
GENDER TYPING THEORY
THE ACQUISITION OF A TRADITIONALLY MASCULINE OR FEMININE ROLE

EX: FEMALES ARE TEACHERS AND MALES ARE MECHANICS
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
WE LEARN SOCIAL BEHAVIOR BY OBSERVING AND IMITATING AND BEING REWARDED OR PUNISHED

EX: SALLY WATCHED HER MOM WASH THE DISHES, SO SHE DID THE SAME AND HER MOM REWARDED HER BY BUYING HER A NEW TOY
TERATOGEN
AGENTS SUCH AS CHEMICALS AND VIRUSES THAT CAN REACH THE EMBRYO OR FETUS DURING PRENATAL DEVELOPMENT AND CAUSE HARM

EX: IF THE MOTHER SMOKES DURING PREGNANCY, TOXINS FROM THE CIGARETTES WILL REACH THE EMBRYO
SENSORY STAGE
0-2 YEARS OLD; BABY IS AFRAID OF STRANGER; BELIEVES IN PEEK A BOO

EX: SANDY FREAKS OUT WHEN SHE SEES SOMEONE WHO ISN'T HER MOTHER AND LOVES IT WHEN PEOPLE PLAY PEEK A BOO WITH HER
PRE-OPERATIONAL STAGE
2-6 YEARS OLD; PRETEND PLAY; IMAGINARY FRIENDS; LACK CONSERVATION

EX: PETE AND HIS IMAGINARY FRIEND LOVE TO PLAY AND ALWAYS POUR THE WHOLE CEREAL BOX WHEN THEY'RE EATING BREAKFAST
CONCRETE STAGE
7-11 YEARS; LEARN CONSERVATION; CAN'T THINK ABSTRACTLY

EX: CINDY KNOWS HOW MUCH IS ENOUGH WHEN POURING CEREAL; BUT SHE CAN'T THINK AHEAD OR ABSTRACTLY
FORMAL STAGE
ABLE TO THINK ABSTRACTLY; MORAL REASON; HYPOTHETICAL THINKING

EX: FIONA KNOWS THAT IF SHE BUYS A CAR FOR 10,000 WITH HER 3,000 SALARY, SHE'LL BE IN MAJOR DEBT.
SCHEMA
A CONCEPT THAT ORGANIZES AND INTERPRETS INFORMATION

EX: YOU MIGHT THINK THAT ALL HOMELESS PEOPLE ARE RUDE SO YOU'RE GOING TO LOOK INFO THAT AGREES WITH THIS VIEW
ASSIMLIATION
INTERPRETING ONE'S NEW EXPERIENCE IN TERM'S OF ONE'S EXISTING SCHEMA

EX: YOU KNOW WHAT A DOG LOOKS LIKE, SO YOU SEE A BIG FURRY ANIMAL WITH 4 LEGS AND YOU THINK, OK THAT'S A DOG.
ASSOCIATION
A BOND OR CONNECTION BETWEEN TWO IMAGES, THOUGHTS, OR IDEAS

EX: WHEN YOU READ THE WORD STOP, A PICTURE OF A STOP SIGN MIGHT COME INTO MIND
DISCRIMINATION
THE LEARNED ABILITY TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN A CS AND OTHER STIMULI THAT DON'T SIGNAL A US.

EX: A DOG CAN DETERMINE BETWEEN THE WORD "SIT" AND "BIT"
IMPRINTING
THE PROCESS BY WHICH CERTAIN ANIMALS FORM ATTACHMENTS DURING A CRITICAL PERIOD VERY EARLY IN ITS LIFE

EX: A BABY CHICK SEES A HUMAN FIRST THING WHEN IT POPS OUT OF ITS EGG, SO IT'LL PROCESS THE HUMAN AS "MOMMY"
ATTACHMENT
AN EMOTIONAL TIE WITH ANOTHER PERSON; SHOWN IN YOUNG CHILDREN BY SEEKING CLOSENESS TO THE CAREGIVER AND SHOWING DISTRESS ON SEPARATION

EX: MONKEY EXPERIMENT
HABITUATION
DECREASING RESPONSIVENESS WITH REPEATED STIMULATION

EX: there may be a painting or picture you really like so you put it on the wall in your room. You see this picture every day, 10 times a day. Over time and repeated exposures to this picture you might start feeling like you've "seen it a million times" and it just doesn't have the same effect on you that it used to
SENSATION
THE PROCESS BY WHICH OUR SENSORY RECEPTORS AND NERVOUS SYSTEM RECEIVE AND REPRESENT STIMULUS ENERGIES FROM OUR ENVIRONMENT

EX: SITTING ON THE COLD BLEACHERS
PERCEPTION
THE PROCESS OF ORGANIZING AND INTERPRETING SENSORY INFO, ENABLING US TO RECOGNIZE MEANINGFUL OBJECTS AND EVENTS

EX: ILLUSIONS