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42 Cards in this Set

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French colonization overall
small groups of men settle as traders and do not take all the indian land. fur traders.
example: after 20 years Quebec still had only 20 men
French colonization:
-politically
-economically
-religiously
-societally
-two french governors
-beaver, fish, fur
-must be catholic
-not much settlement
Henry Hudson
founded NY while looking for NWP
New Amsterdam which is NY claimed for the Netherlands/Dutch
Henry VIII
breaks away from catholic church... two daughters become queens
Mary I- Catholic: she persecuted protestants
Elizabeth I- Protestant: does not persecute catholics Ann B is her mom
England Economically in 16th century
population of poor people growing so need to fins a spot to send these people which starts enclosure movt
and as Roanoke disappears English is fighting Spanish Armada
VA CO charter
people must abide english common law:
-precedent courts
-right to petition
also say you can buy and sell land if pay taxes
BIG IDEA: colonist have rights and va co owned by stock holder
instruction to settlers
-look for nw passage
-avoid natives and threaten with guns
-explore with compass
-dont let people run away
-good spot
-dont let prices become inflated
-no bad news
tobacco
motivated the stockholders to stay in Virginia but this did not generate enough money causing Va Co to get more settlers to go and diversify crops but since still no profit the Co was dissolved by James I
John Smith
smart practical leader of Jamestown. said people had to work to get food and got there to be peace among indians.
Chief Powhatan
head of Powhatan confederacy and was a good leader who like to trade and treat people as respect. acted as a middle man in indian/settler trades. collected tributes the redistributed them
John Rolfe
made a profitable tobacco company by making it appeal to European taste. He made tobacco the largest export. He married Pocohantas. Then he became a member of the House of Burgess to promote colony trade.
De La Warr
stops settlers from leaving Jamestown and increased tensions between indians
Good vs Bad Jamestown
GOOD: proprietary acts, house of Burgess, first lasting English colony, could buy and sell land
BAD: first africans arrive
indentured servants
indenture themselves but soon dont have land to give them or keep track of everyones indenture so a big problem
Mayflower Act
we are going to make laws and obey them
VA CO charter
people must abide english common law:
-precedent courts
-right to petition
also say you can buy and sell land if pay taxes
BIG IDEA: colonist have rights and va co owned by stock holder
instruction to settlers
-look for nw passage
-avoid natives and threaten with guns
-explore with compass
-dont let people run away
-good spot
-dont let prices become inflated
-no bad news
tobacco
motivated the stockholders to stay in Virginia but this did not generate enough money causing Va Co to get more settlers to go and diversify crops but since still no profit the Co was dissolved by James I
John Smith
smart practical leader of Jamestown. said people had to work to get food and got there to be peace among indians.
Chief Powhatan
head of Powhatan confederacy and was a good leader who like to trade and treat people as respect. acted as a middle man in indian/settler trades. collected tributes the redistributed them
pilgrims vs puritans
seperatist vs cleansing
Miles Standish
captain on Mayflower
William Bradford
author of mayflower compact
Puritan Beliefs
predestination
prove among elect
church supported by taxes
public education
elite ruled
meet goals of community
**democracy seed- town meetings
Roger Williams
founder of Rhode Island
Connecticut
Thomas Hooker
1st constitution in new world
Andros
put in charge by king of new england
King Philip's War
against Metacon-Wampanoags
10% of all men fighting age died
cativity narrative genre
monarchy's policy toward colonies
salutary neglect
Pennsylvania
William Penn owned proprietary (exclusively)
liberal land
Massachusetts known for:
strict puritan beliefs
RI known for:
freedom for all
Pennsylvania known for:
Quakers
VA known for:
tobacco money
CT known for:
1st constitution
Maryland
2nd plantation colony
catholics
act of toleration- not jews/atheists
West Indies
sugar
Barbados slave code
Carolina
slave traders
rice
N. Carolina
resistance to authority
sold indians into slavery
Georgia
buffer for english
save haven for debtors
slow growth
James Oglethorpe
founder of ga
Bacon's rebellion
started because of landless indentured servants who were mad so Nathaniel Bacon led this they burned down jamestown...
**first class warfare
***important slaves instead