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99 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Holy book of the Muslims
Koran
Muhammad had the _______ in the __________ destroyed
statues in the Kaaba
Contains some writings that are also in the Bible
Koran
Muhammad announced that the ______ ______ was ______ and that Mecca was still a holy city
black stone was sacred
Journey to Medina was called the _____
Hegina or Hijira
Hegina or Hijira means
"flight"
The year marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar
The Hijira or Hegina
In _______, many began to follow his teachings
Medina, Muhammad's
In AD 630, Muhammad took control of _____
Mecca
They were organized into tribes
Arabs
Each tribe had a chieftain called a _____
sheik
Most ____ worshipped many gods
Arabs
______ was considered a holy city
Mecca
In Mecca, there was a shrine called the ______- it contained a black stone which the Arabs considered holy
Kaaba
The Kaaba contained _______ of _____ _____
statues of Arab gods
Many _____ visited the _____ to worship and pray
Arabs visited the Kaaba
Born in Mecca (located in present day Saudi Arabia) about AD 579
Muhammad
At age 40 he said he was told by an angel that there was only one God adn that he was to be Allah's prophet
Muhammad
Muhammad began preaching-his religion was later known as ______
Islam
means "submission to the will of Allah"
Islam
His follows were called ___________ or _______
Muslims or Moslems
Why did the leaders of Mecca oppose him?
They feared his preaching would decrease the number of people who visited the Kaaba
What was another reason the businessmen in Mecca feared Muhammed's teachings?
They feared he was gaining too much power
Who threatened to kill Mohammed?
The businessmen of Mecca
____________ and some followers left ______ and settled in the city of _________
Muhammad left Mecca and settled in the city of Medina
A group that lived in the Middle East
Arabs
Most were nomads
Arabs
More radical
Shiites
Today Muslim _________ or _________ (some Sunnites and Shiites have numerous terrorists groups including
1. Islamic Jihad
2. Homas
3. Al Quaida
4. Hez Bollah
When an area was conquered, non-Muslims were given three choices
1.Become a Muslim
Name three choices non Muslims faced
1. become a muslim
2. pay heavy taxes (were allowed to follow own religion, did not have as many rights as Muslims)
3. Die
Two main groups of Muslims developed and still exist today
The Sunnites and the Shiites
Vast majority of today's Muslims are ______
Sunnites
The _____ forbids gambling, eating pork and drinking wine
Koran
The Koran forbids eating ______, drinking _____ and ______
pork wine and gambling
Muslims do not believe that ______ was a god
Muhammad
Five Pillars of Islam
1. Believe that there is only one God
2.Pray 5 times a day
3. Give alms
4. Fast for Ramadan
5. Take a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once
Muslims believe ___________ was a ____________
Muhammad was a prophet
They believe Muhammad was the ______ and _______ __________
last and greatest prophet
Jesus is considered to be __________ by muslims, however they do not believe he was _____
a prophet, he was not divine
Muslim place of worship is called a ______
mosque
Each leader of Islam after Muhammad's death was called a ________
caliph
Caliph means
"successor"
Fighting among Muslims occurred concerning who would be the next caliph-and some of the early
caliphs were murdered
Muslim armies conquered large areas in the ________ _____, _____ _______ and ______
Middle East, North Africa and Spain
This fighting was called _______ or ____ _____
jihad or holy war
Muslims believed those who died in battle would immediately fo to ____________ and _________ ______ _______ ______
Paradise and recieve great rewards there
Vast majority of today's Arabs are ______
Muslims
Civil service examinations-in order to work for the Chinese government a person had
to pass these tests
Printing-invented AD 600, previously all items had to be copied
by hand
Invented AD 1000
Gunpowder
Name two inventions of the Chinese
Gunpowder and printing
Mongols during the Middle Ages conquered most of ____ including _______,______ and ______
Asia including Russia, India and China
The Mongols were
Excellent horsemen
The Mongols were known for their
brutality
The Mongols were known for their
brutality
The Mongols carried ___ _______
few supplies
The Mongols could ______ at unbelievable _____
travel at unbelievable speed
The Mongols sometimes slaughtered _____ cities of________
whole cities of people
The Mongols could travel at ______ _____
unbelievable speed
Ruler was called "______" which meant _______ or ________
Khan, which meant ruler or emperor
The Mongol's most famous emperors were ________ ______ and ____________ _____
Ghengis Khan and Kublai Khan
First person to unite the warring tribes
Ghengis Khan
Formed a huge army
Ghengis Khan
Lived 1216-1227, Grandson of Genghis Khan
Kublai Khan
Ruled all of China
Kublai Khan
Made Beijing, China one of the world's most magnificent cities
Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan's empire was visited by an Italian merchant named
Marco Polo
Spent many years in China
Marco Polo
Later he wrote a book about his visits
Marco Polo
Until _____'s trip Europeans knew little about ___
Polo's, China
Japanese believed the emperor was a descendant of the __ _____________
sun goddess
Japanese believed emperors were _______ even until the ________ ___________
divine, even until the twentieth century
Oldest religion in Japan
Shinto
This religion that is exclusive in Japan is polytheistic
Shinto
Gods were called "______"
kami
________ is a form of ________ _________, the gods and spirits were believed to be everywhere in nature
Shinto is a form of nature worship
This Japanese religion has not spread to other countries
Shinto
____________ and _______________ later became popular in Japan
Buddhism and Confucianism
Some Japanese practice more that one of these three religions
Buddhism, Shintoism, Confucianism
Early Japan was divided into ______
clans
Early Japan was dvided into clans (similar to tribes
groups of related families
Emperor was a _____________, the real power was held by _
___ ______
figurehead, the real power was held by clan leaders
Title of Japan's supreme military commander (top general) was a ______________
shogun
The ________ was supposed to be under the emperor's control, bu the ______ actually had more power
shogun
Soldiers similar to European knishts during the Midle Ages
Samurai
Only they were permitted to carry swords
Samurai
Code of conduct samurai had to follow
Bushido
If they failed to follow Bushido, they were expected to commit a ritual suicide called _______ or ______
seppuku or hara-kiri
___________ _______ twice sent invading forces of Mongols to try to capture Japan
Kublai Khan
In the second attempt, many of the Mongol ships were destroyed by a _______
tyhpoon
The Japanese called the typhoon the ___________ or "_________ ______"
Kamikaze or divine wind
Japanese pilots during World War Two who deliberately crashed into ships were called ___________ ____
kamikaze pilots
The first people to settle in North, Central and South America probably came from Asia across teh ________ ______ (off the coast of present-day Alaska_
Bering Strait
The first people to settle in North, Central and South America were later called
Indians
Name three advanced Indian civilization
1. Mayas
2. Aztecs
3. Incas
Settled on the Yucatan Peninsula ( in present day Mexico) and in nearby areas of central America
Mayas
Lived in central Mexico, capital city located on the site of present day Mexico City, offered human sacrifices to please their gods.
Aztecs
lived in the andes mountains of south america
incas