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66 Cards in this Set

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Ladd Franklin
psychological psychologist. woman came up with theory of color vision / color blindness & that colors had own receptors.
Fourier:
Analysis of hearing. Sign waves make it up.
Glisson
Disputes descarted "brain is a pump" When muscles contract they get smalled. Put his arm in a bucket of water - simple experiment.
Aguilonis
Horptr after shared vision of experience.
Bessel
Person Equation. Mean of observation across astronomers is the mean -/+ a constant error. Individual differences are measurable and leads to application of normal distribution.
current of injury
Shows electricities flowing along the neuron. Showed/demonstrated on the baattle field now called wave of negativity.
action proper
certain parts of brain with specific functions.
action commune
whole brain works together, can't individualize it.
sensory motor nerves
localization of spinal nerves. (Galen)
Dark adaptation
adjustment of recptors in the eye. Takes time to go from bright to dark.
retinal disparity
images on one retin are not the same.
unconsious inference
Helmholtz depth perception mind works at warp speed. Fast calculations is false. Habit is automatic.
simple reaction
reflex/stimulus leads to a response.
individual differences
individuals perceieve things differently.
uncertainty principle
indeterminism
monists
only one relity. Materislist are monists b/c only matter exhists. Idealists are monists b/c everything is the result of human consiousness there for mental.
Dualist
anyone who believes there are two aspects to humans. One physical, one mental.
epiphenomenalism
emergentism that states mental events come from brain activity but mental evens are subsequently behaviorally irrelevant
interactionsm
answer to min/bosy problem is maintaining that bodily experiences influence mind & mind influences body.
empiricism
all knowledge is experience
double aspectism
bodily and mental events are inseperable. Two aspects to every experience.
pre-established harmony
body & mentl events are serperate but correlated because both were designed to run identical courses.
nativism
important human attributes are inherent
psycho physical parralism
experiencing something in the physical world causes bodily and mind to simultaneously but they are independent
thales
1st philosopher. Natural explanations. Started the golden age of Greek philosophy. Believed water is the primary element which everything comes from.
Democritus
atoms as phsyis. First to have a materialistic view of the world & humans.
Empedocles
Four basic elements: earth, fire, air, & water. Theory of perception & the theory of evolution that discussed natural selection.
Hippocrates
Father of modern medicine because he assumed disease had natural causes. Health is good when four things are balances. Disease happened when they are imbalanced.
Pythagoras
Abstract world exherted influence on the phsycial world. Dualistic view. Human soul is immortal. Influenced plato & the western world.
Galen
associated each of Hippocrates four humors with temperment theory for personality
socrates
believed that by examining a number of manisfestations of a concept, the concept could be described clearly & precisely. Thre were known & when known, led to moral behavior.
Aristotle
sensory experience was the basis of all knowledge. Everything in nature has a purpose that determines its potential. Active reason gave humans greatest potential.
Plato
First deciple of Socrates. Abstract world of forms or ideas that when manisfedted in matter make up empirical world. Only true knowledge is gained by looking at innate contents of the soul.
Epicurus
Best life is one of long-term pleasure resulting from moderation.
St. Augistine
Validity of inner subjective exp. said that one can know God through introspection as well as through revealed thruth of scripture. Human free will.
Magnus
comprehensive review of Aristotles world. Observed nature.
William if Occam
reality is what we experience directly there is no need to answer a higher reality beyond our sense.
Abu Ibn Sina
Arabic physicim & phylosopher whose translations of artistotles senses, memory, influences western cultures.
Personalistic
view individuals as the prime movers in the ide.
Free will
active mind causes it to do things.
Euclid
Geometry, greek mathematician
Roger Bacon
Renaissance. Rediscovered artistotle & pushed into western culture along with Aquinas & Mangnus.
Biomedical perspective
Hypocrites - how does the body function?
Mystism
metaphysical explanations, explanations based on unobservables.
Psyche
root of psychologies "mind"
Pure reason
Kant said that truth can be found based on rational beliefs.
Pax romana
Period of roman peace.
papal authority
Transition from Roman Law to civil rule that failed. Christianity/ the pope took over and saved the city
neoplatanism
Fate is predeterminied - platanists took stoic, blended with Christianity and blamed the epicurians. DOminant christian philosophy.
scholasticism
people more educated. Movement said that an educated person didn't have to accept things based on faith and could use rational processes.
Inquisition
Weakened the churches hold on science and led to the revolution and renaissance
Stoics
fate sealed when you are born, for the best life, accept it.
Newton
science renaissance man that led to advances in physic. Said science is individual from church dogma. Physcal laws.
depth perception
Decartes - native to compute geometric problems.

Barkley - its automatic from experience.
apperception
awareness
zietgiest
spirit of times
presentism
interpretting & evaluating historical events in terms of contemporary knowledge & standards
paradigm (kuhn)
stage in the development of sceince during which scientific activites are guided by a paradigm
psychic determinism
mental causes of behavior
physical determinism
material causes of behavior
indeterminism
determines true but measuring causes/influences the causes making it impossible to know for sure.
non-determinism
human thought/behaviors freely are chosed by the indivudal and isn't caused by actedecent or mental events.
Popper
Theory guides observation therefore theory explicit or implicit must come first. Science is rigorous.
Kuhn
Science has subjectivity. Paradigms govern science.
Stevens
sceince is a flow from deductive to inductive periods. Schema empiric
Heisenberg
Nothing can ever be known in science. Attempting to observe behvior we change it - indeterminism.