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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
#1
gaurentees freedoms: speech, religion, press, petition assembaly
#2
allows the state to maintain a militia
#3
restricts the quartering of troops in private homes
#4
protects against unreasonable searches and seizures
#5
due process of law with regard to teh accused
#6
right to a speedy and fair trial
#7
assures the right ot a jury and a jury trial in cases involving common law
#8
protects against exsessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
#9
provides the peoples rights are not restricted to those listed in the constitution
#10
provides that powers not granted to the federal government are reserved to the states
#11
suits against states
#12
changed the way the vice president is elected, seperate ballots
#13
abolished slavery
#14
rights of citizens; equal protection under the law
#15
right to vote regardless of race
#16
congress has the right ot collect taxes
#17
direct election of senators by the people
#18
prohibition
#19
women's sufferage; right to vote
#20
"lame duck"
#21
repealed the 18th amendment
#22
presidential tern limit (2 terms)
#23
electorial votes for the district of columbia
#24
abortion of the poll tax
#25
presidental disibility and sucession
#26
right to vote from 21 to 18
#27
restrictions on congressional pay raises
popular sovereinty
authority of the people
federalism
a system in which the power to govern i shared between the national government and the states
reserved powers
powers retained by the states
enumerated powers
powers of the federal government
manumission
the freeing of individual enslaved persons
checks and balances
kept any one branch of the governmeant from having to much power
judicial branch
court system of the united states
executive branch
headed by the president, it carries out the nation's laws and policies
ratify
approve
james madison
wrote the virginia plan
william paterson
proposed the new jersey plan
virginia plan
two house legislature, a chief executive chosen by the legislature, court system
The members of the lower house would be elected by the people and the members of the upper house would be elected by the lower house. In both houses the number of represtatives would be based on the population of your state.
new jersey plan
One-house legislature, one vote for each state. Congress could set taxes and regulate trade. Each state would ahve an equal number of representatives.
great compromise
Two house legislature, the lower house representatives would be based on population, and the upper house (senate) each state would have two representatives.
roger sherman
proposed the great compromise
george mason
proposed the bill of rights
legislative branch
makes the nations laws, and can lay and collect taxes
7 articles of the constitution
1. legislative branch 2. executive branch 3. judicial branch 4. relations among states 5. amendment process 6. national supremacy 7. ratification