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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Building stable governments and developing these countries and industries economically
Modernization
M
U.S. & Soviet nations were strong enough to influence the acts and policies of other nations
Superpowers
SP
a system of though or belief
Ideology
I
one that is not allied to either side in a Cold War
Nonaligned
NA
The dependence of countries on goods, resources, and knownledge from other parts of the world
Interdependence
In
What was set up at the end of WWI as a forum for setting disputes and acted as a peacekeeper
United Nations
UN
Conference of leaders and experts from around the world to discuss world issues
Summits
S
Fighting against communism and trying to keep the peace
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO
"Right to life, liberty, and security of person"-UN Declaration of _________
Human Rights
HR
The willful use of violence to achieve political goals
Terrorism
T
Created by the East side of Germany to stop people from going to the West (democracy). Ended by ppl kocking it down while the East was falling ('89)
The Berlin Wall
TBW
When the Cold War triggered an Arms Race where both sides were producing nuclear weapons and each wanted more nuclear weapons than the other
Nuclear Threat
NT
The relaxation of tensions (between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Ending after Soviet invaded Afganistan.)
Detente
D
Where a govt. keeps most features of a capitalist economy but takes greater responsibility for social and economic needs of its people. (ex. high taxes)
Welfare State
WS
OPEC cut oil production and raised prices (caused inflation and slowed economic growth)
The Oil Crisis
TOC
Where business slowed and unemployment rates rose
Recession
R
One that provides a service rather than a product
Service Industry
SI
It's goal was to expand free trade. Ended tariffs on goods and allowed workers and capital to move freely across national borders
EC(Common Market)
CM
New name of Common Market. Promoted regional prosperity, peace, and security.
Eurpean Union
EU
The new single currency for member nations
Euro
E
Leader of Conservative Party for Britain. 11 Years as Britains prime minister. Rejected welfare state
Margaret Thatcher
MT
Prime minister of English. Current leader. Tried to unify Labour and Conservative parties.
Tony Blair
TB
6 Countries that remained English. Protestant wanted to be English and Catholics wanted to be Irish
Northern Ireland
NI
Pres. of first free elections in France. Set up 5th Republic. Wrote new Constitution that gave him more power
Charles De Gaulle
CDG
Pres. of France. Cut govt. spending. Large French economy. Conservative.
Jacques Chirac
JC
Chief Minister
Chancellor
C
First chancellor of unified Germany. Democratic.
Helmut Kohl
HK
A temporary alliance of political parties (Italy)
Coalition
C
Saved Spain. Last dictator of Spain in 1970s
Francisco Franco
FF
Minister of Finance. Kept Portugal neutral during WWII. Developed new Constitution for Portugal.
Antonio Salazar
AS
Emerged as the new Soviet leader after Stalin. De-stalinized Russia. Cuban missile crisis.
Nikita Khrushchev
NK
Soviet goals were not changed. Freed many political prisonors. Eased censorship.
De-stalinization
DS
Doctrine. Sovt. Union had a right to intervene militarily in any Warsaw Pact nation.
Leonid Brezhnev
LB
People that oppose the government.
Dissidents
D
Money went to military. Low on consumer goods.
Failure of the Command Economy in USSR
Failure
Former leader of Russia. Reduced tensions between the East (Russia & Soviet). Renounced Brezhev Doctrine. Glasnost.
Mikhail Gorbachev
MG
Openness (Mikhail eased censorship and encouraged people to speak against govt.)
Glasnost
G
Restructuring of the government and economy
Perestroika
P
First president of Russia 1991. 8 Years. Got rid of Communism.
Boris Yeltsin
BY
Failure to make payments
Defaulted
D
Veteran of Soviet secret police. Became President of Soviet. Elected in first free elections in 2000. Current president.
Vladimir Putin
VP
Introduced liberal reforms in Czechoslovakia. Called for "socialism with a human face". Liberal reforms.
Alexander Dubcek
AD
Independent trade union that wanted political change in Poland-illegal Pope John Paul II, Walesa.
Solidarity
S
Organized solidarity. First president of Poland in 50 years. Church loves him...away from USSR
Lech Walesa
LW
Peaceful. Czech Republic & Sloviakia
Breakup of Czechoslovakia
BOC
Guerrilla leader. Battled German occupying forces, set up communist government in Yugoslavia. Refused to join Warsaw Pact.
Josip Tito
JT
Killing people of different ethnic groups
Ethnic cleansing
EC
Analyze the causes and the effects of the fall of the USSR
Inefficient government. NO consumer goods. Overproduction of military equipment. Bad leaders. Rebel states.

Bankruptcy. Failed economy. Safety for U.S. Ending of Cold War. Democracy.
Explain the civil war in Yugoslavia
Yugoslavis created after WW1 as a homeland for the South Slavs. Consisted of:Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia, Herzegovina, Macedonia, Slovenia, and Montenegro. Ethnic groups: Serbs->Orthodox Christians; Croats->Roman Catholics; Bosnians->Muslims. All spoke Serbo-Croatian. Serbs dominated. Tito Ruling.Slovenia declared independence 1991. Then Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Describe Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Greece, Portugal, and SPain after WWII
Brit-Labour party
France-Social reforms. Economy build up. Close relations with West Germany.
Italy, Greece, Portugal-dictators
Explain the reunification of Germany.
Berlin Wall fell. Formed one democratic nation. Aid packages. 10 Years of independence.
List and describe the enduring issues that affect the world today.
Terrorism. Aids. Nuclear bombs. Biological weapons. Chaos in the Middle East. Recession/gas prices
Muslims vs. Serbs. Civil war. NO self rule allowed
Bosnia
B
Civil war. Muslims vs. Serbs. Guerrilla warfare
Kosovo
K
Trials. Yugoslavia leader-killing all the Muslims and Croats. 66 counts. Died two weeks ago in jail cell
Sloboda Milosevic-War crimes
SM-WC