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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Elastic Clause
Articke I, Secton 8, of the Constitution, which allows Congress to stretch its delegated powers to address issues that the nation's founders couold not have foreseen
Bring charges against a prestident who may have committed a crime or violated the essential presidential duties
Precedents set by George Washington
1.) Only served two terms
2.) Choose a cabinet
3.) Saying so help me god at the end of oth of office
Great Compromise
Agreement worked out at the COnstitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine representaion in the lower house of the legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature
Washington's Farewell Address
1.) Public debt
2.) Dangerous foreign alliances
3.) Political divisons at home
Louisiana Purchase
Purchase of French land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains that doubled the size of the United States
Lewis and Clark expedition
Expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and WIlliam Clark that began in 1804 to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase
British practie of forcing people, including American citizens, to serve in the country's army or navy; led to increasing tensions between Britain and the United States in the early 1800s
U.S. victory over an Indian confederation that wanted to stop white settlement in the Northwest Territory; increased tensions between Britian and the United States
War Hawks
Members of Congress who wanted to declare war against Britain after the Battle of Tippecanoe
War of 1812
1.) Armed the indians on the frontier
2.) impressment on our soldiers
3.) not reconize our neutarity
Delegate Powers
1.) Declare war
2.)Maintain armed forces
3.) Coin money
Reserved Powers
1.) Establish and maintain schools
2.) Set corporate laws
3.) Make marriage laws
Concurrent Powers
1.) Levy taxes
2.) Borrow money
3.) Establish courts
u.s. system of government in which power is desttributed etween a central authority and the individual states
People who were opposed to ratification of the Constitution
People who supported ratification of the Constitution
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
Important federal outpast in the south and controlled entrance to charlestion harbor
Major Robert Anderson
Commander of fort Sumnter
Cotton Diplomacy
Confederate efforts to use the importance of southern cotton to Britain's textile industry to peruade in British to support the confederacy in the Civil war
1.) small town
2.) common people running the country
3.) aligucluture
1.) Big town
2.) Elite people running the country
3.) Manufactring
1st Battle of Bull Run also known as 1st Manassas
First major battle in the civil war and show civil war could not be won easily
Stonewall Jackson
General of the COnfederate Army
Robert E. Lee
Took charge of confederate army and lincolns first choice
George B. McClelland
A leader of the union forces, took yorktown, a great organizer, heted Lincoln
bloodist single day of the war, and in u.s. military history
Iron Clade
Marships heavily armed with iron
Ulysses S. Grant
Most important figure in western theater of war put in charge of union army
civil war battle in tennessee in which the union army gained greater control over the mississippi river valley
What did lincoln say about vicksburg
it's a key & we must have it in our pocket
Pea Ridge, Arkansas
Fought west of Mississippi; civil war battle in northwestrn arkansas in which the union army deafted pro-confederate missourians
Matthew american Red cross Brady and photography of the Civil War
Took pics of battles
Clara Barton
Angel of the battle field, insist on sanitation, boiling water 2 was untensils, start american red cross
turning piont in the war, lasted 3 days, loss 50,000 soldiers
Picketts Charge
Failed confederate arrack led by General George Pickett at the battle of gettysburg
Northern Demorcrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the south in the civil war
Habeas Corpus
the consitutional protection aganist unlawful imprisonment
Escaped or captured slaves taken in by the union army during the civil war ureFort wagner in south carolina
Massachesetts 54Th
African American civil war regiment that helped capture Fort wagner in south carolina
William Tecumseh Sherman "Total War" and his march to the sea
TW- type of war in which an amrmy destorys its opponents ability to fight by attacking civlilian eonomic & military targets
Appomattox Courthouse- Wilmer McClain
The town the surrender is going to take place
Lincolns attitude about Soutn
he is like a daddy who had a runaway child; Lincoln wants to make it as easy as possiable and he wanted to keep the country together
Problems with the Articles of COnfederation
No president, no ability to tax, No National Court system, States were stronger than National government
James Madison
"Father of the Constitution"
Electoral College
The way we elect our president of the U.S.
Judicial Branch
Interprets the laws as to whether they are constitutional or not
Executive Branch
Enforces or executes the laws
Legislative Branch
Proposes bills and passes them into laws
Francis Scott Key
Wrote "Stars Spangled Banner" while watching the bombardment of Ft. McHenry from a British ship
Dolly Madison
Saved many valuables from British Attack on Washington D.C., Wife of James Madison
Eli Whitney
Invented a machine or removing seeds from short-staple cotton
Nat Turner
Led the most violent slave revolt in U.S.
John Deere
Invented the steel plow
Cyrus McCormick
Invented a mechanical reaper
Large scale southern farmers who owned more than 20 slaves
Oral stories that contained a moral that were used by slaves for encouragement
term that means freedom from slavery