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72 Cards in this Set

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RESPIRATION
THE EXCHANGE OF GASES BETWEEN A LIVING ORGANISM AND ITS ENVIRONMENT
NAME THE COMPONENTS OF THE UPPER AIRWAY
NASAN CAVITY, ORAL CAVITY, PHARNYX
NASAL SEPTUM
CARLILAGE THAT SEPERATES LEFT AND RIGHT NASAL CAVITIES
SINUS
AIR CAVITY THAT CUNDUCTSFLUIDS FROM THE EUSTACHIAN TUBES AND EAR DUCTS TO AND FRON PHARNYX
EUSTACHIAN TUBES
A TUBE THAT CONNECTS THE EAR WITH THE NASAL CAVITY
NASOLACRIMAL DUCT
NARROW TUBE THAT CARRY INTO THE NASAL CAVITY TEARS AND DEBRIS THAT HAVE DRAINED FROM THE EYE
MUCOUS MEMBRAIN
TISSUES LINING THE BODDY CAVITIES THAT COMMUNICATE WITH THE AIR; USUALY CONTAINS MUCUS-SECRETING CELLS
WHAT ARE THE RAGIONS OF THE PHARYNX
NASOPHARYNX, OROPHARYNX, LARYNGOPHARYNX
VELECULA
DEPRESSION BETWEEN THE EPIGLOTIS AND THE BASE OF THE TONGUE
LARYNX
STURUCTURE THAT JOINS THE PHARYNX TO THE TRACHEA, CONSIST OF THYROID AND CRICOID CARTILAGE, GLOYIC OPENING, VOCAL CORDS, ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, PYRIFORM FOSSAE, AND CRICOTHYROID MEMBRANE
GLOTTIS
LIP-LIKE OPENING BETWEEN THE VOCAL CORDS
SELLICKS MANEUVER
PRESSURE APPLIED IN A POSTERIOR DIRECTION TO THE ANTERIOR CRICOID CARTILAGE THAT OCCLUDES THE ESOPHAGUS
WHAT ARE THE LOWER AIRWAY COMPONENTS
TRACHEA, BRONCHI, ALVEOLI, LUMG PARENCHYMA, PLUREA
TRACHEA
10-12 CM LONG TUBE THAT CONECTS THE LARNYX TO THE MAINSTEM BRONCHI
WICH BRONCHI IS ALMOST STRAIGHT
RIGHT
ATELACTASIS
ALVEOLAR COLLAPSE
VISCERAL PLEURA
ENVENVELOPES THE LUNGS AND DOES NOT CONTAIN NERVE FIBERS
PARIETAL PLEURA
LINES THE THORASIC CAVITY AND CONTAINS NERVE FIBERS
PA
ALVEOLAR PARTIAL PRESSURE
Pa
ARTERIAL PARTIAL PRESSURE
PNEUMOTHORAX
ACCUMULATION OF AIR OR GAS IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY
HEMOTHORAX
ACCUMULATION OF BLOOD OR FLUID IN THE PLEURAL CAVITY
PULMONARY EMBOLISM
BLOOD CLOT THAT TRAVELS TO THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION AND HINDERS OXYGENATION OF THE BLOOD
HYPERCARBIA
EXCESSIVE CARBON DIOXIDE IN BLOOD
HYPOXEMIA
DECREASED OXYGEN LEVEL
HYPOXIC DRIVE
MECHANISM THAT INCREASES RESPIRATORY STIMULATION WHEN BLOOD OXYGEN FALLS AND INHIBITS RESPIRATORY STIMULATION WHEN BLOOD OXYGEN CLIMBS
TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY
MAX LUNG CAPACITY AT END OF MAX INSPIRATION, ADULT MALE IS APROX. 6 LITERS
HYPOXIA
INSUFFICIENT O2 AVAILABLE TO MEET O2 REQUIREMENTS OF CELL TISSUE
HYPOXEMIA
REDUCTION OF PARTIAL PRESSURE OF O2 IN ARTERIAL BLOOD
ORTHOPNEA
NEED TO BE POSITIONED TO BREATH, SITTING OR STANDING
CYANOSIS
BLUISH COLOR OF SKIN DUE TO INCREASED CO2 IN BLOOD
WHAT JOB DOES UPPER AIRWAY PERFORM
WARMS-BY MUCOUS MEMBRANES
CLEANS-MUCOUS MEMBRANES TRAP FOREIGNERS
HUMIDIFIES-MIXES WITH MOISTURE
WHAT IS JOB OF PHARYNX
MOVES AIR, FOOD, DRINK IN AND OUT
PALATINE TONSILS
LOCATED ON EACH SIDE OF THROAT, WHY YOU DONT ROTATE OPA WHEN INSERTING INTO CHILDREN
PHARYNGEAL TONSILS
AKA: ADENOIDS, LOCATED NEAR POSTERIOR OPENING OF NASAL CAVITY, UNDER ROOF OF MOUTH
LINGUAL TONSILS
NEAR BASE OF TONGUE
EPIGLOTTIS
LEAF-SHAPED CARTILAGE CONNECTED THYROID BONE AND THYROID CARTILAGE, PREVENTS FOOD AND LIQUIDS FROM ENTERING RESPIRATORY TRACT
WHEN IS SELLICS MANEUVER NOT USED
ON PATIENTS WHO ARE ACTIVE VOMITING
ARYTENOID CARTILAGE
ATTACHED TO VOCAL CORDS, OPENS AND CLOSES VOCAL CORDS
STIMULATION OF VAGUS NERVE CAN CAUSE
BRADYCARDIA, HYPOTENSION, BRADYPNEA
WHAT KEEPS ALVEOLI OPEN
SURFACTANT- LOWERS SURFACE TENTION IN ALVEOLI
WHAT IS NECESSARY FOR MOVEMENT OF GASES
PATENT AIRWAY, INTACT RESPIRATORY MUSCLES, OPEN AIR PASSAGES, ADEQUATE PULMONARY BLOOD SUPPLY, APPROPRIATE NEUROLOGICAL CONTROL
HOW MANY LOBES ARE IN EACH LUNG
RIGHT- 3
LEFT- 2
PULMONARY (EXTERNAL) RESPIRATION
TAKES PLACE IN CAPILLARY BEDS OF ALVEOLI
CELLULAR (INTERNAL) RESPIRATION
TAKES PLACE CAPILLARY BEDS OF SYSTEMIC TISSUE
DIAPHRAM IS WHAT % OF INSPIRATION WORK
70%
WHAT ARE THE ACCESSORY MUSCLES FOR RESPIRATION
STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID, INTERNAL INTERCOSTAL, ABDOMINAL MUSCLES
THYROID CARTILAGE
NAROWEST IN ADULTS, HOUSES VOCAL CORDS, SURROUNDED BY C-SHAPED CARTILAGE, TWO FUSED CARTILAGES FORM ADAMS APPLE
BLOOD FROM RIGHT SIDE OF HEART IS
LOW IN O2, AND HIGH IN CO2
BLOOD FROM LEFT SIDE OF HEART IS
HIGH IN O2, AND LOW IN CO2
VOCAL CORDS
AIR PASSAGE, SOUND PRODUCTION, PROTECT LOWER AIRWAY
LIST ORDER OF PULMONARY CIRCULATION
RIGHT VENTRICALE
PULMONIC VALVE
PULMONARY ARTERIES, ARTERIOLES
CAPILLARIES IN LUNGS, VENULES
PULMONARY VEINS, LEFT ATRIUM
LIST ORDER OF SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION
LEFT VENTRICALE, AORTIC VALVE, AORTA, ARTERIES, ARTERIOLES, CAPILLARIES IN BODY TISSUE, VENULES, VEINS, VENA CAVA, RIGHT ATRIUM, TRICUSPID VALVE, RIGHT VENTRICLE, PULMONARY SIMILUNAR, LUNGS, LEFT ATRIUM, BICUSPID VALVE, LEFT VENTRICLE
LOWER AIRWAY
TRACHEA SPLITS AT CARINA(T5-T6) TO BECOME RIGHT AND LEFT BRONCHI
RESPIRATORY CENTER
MEDULLA- INSPIRATION AND EXPIRATION, APNEUSTIC CENTER- IN PONS, ASSOCIATED WITH INSPIRATION, PNEUMOTAXIC CENTER- IN PONS, ASSOCIATED WITH EXPIRATION
HOW IS MEDULLA CONNECTED TO RESPIRATORY MUSCLES
PHRENIC AND INTERCOSTAL NERVES
- STIMULATE INSPIRATION
VAGUS NERVE- BEGIN EXPIRATION
ALVEOLI
1.5 MILL. IN EACH LUNG, HOLLOW THIN WALLED 1-2 CELLS THICK, CAPILLARIES COVER OUTER SURFACE, THEY BECOME THINNER AS THEY EXPAND, THIS FACILITATES
PHRENIC NERVE
ORIGINATE BETWEEN C-345, INNERVATE DIAPHRAGM
INTERCOSTAL NERVE
ORIGINATE BETWEEN T-2 - T-12, INNERVATE EXTERNAL INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES
PULMONARY ARTERIES TAKE BLOOD FROM
HEART TO LUNGS
HERING-BREUER REFLEX
VAGUS INNERVATES BRONCHI, BRONCHIOLS, AND LUNGS, WHEN DISTENDED STRETCH RECEPTORS SEND MESSAGE TO VAGUS NERVE TO STIMULATE INSPIRATION. TO STOP MEDULA SENDS MESSAGE DOWN PHRENIC, INTERCOSTAL NERVE, ALLOWING LUNGS TO RECOIL AND EXHALE OCCURES
PULMONARY VEINS TAKE BLOOD FROM
LUNG TO HEART
WHAT IS PURPOSE OF HERRING-BREUER REFLEX
TO PREVENT BAROTRAUMA
WHAT ARE CHEMORECEPTORS STIMULATED BY
DECREASED PaO2, DECREASED pH, INCREASED PaCO2
BRONCHIAL ARTERIES TAKE BLOOD FROM
AORTA TO LUNGS
BRONCHIAL VEINS TAKE BLOOD FROM
LUNGS TO HEART
WHAT FACTORS DECREASE O2 IN BLOOD
DECREASED HEMOGLOBIN- ANEMIA, HEMORRAGE, INADEQUATE VENTILATION- LOW O2, PARALYSIS, EMPHYSEMA, ASTHMA, PNEUMOTHORAX
HOW IS CO2 TRANSPORTED IN BLOOD
70% IN HCO3, 20% ON HEMOGLOBIN, LESS THAN 7% IN PLASMA. CO2 MOVES TO RBC, MIXES WITH H2O, FORMES H2CO3, FORMS HCO3 + H, HCO3 LEAVES RBC, H IS BUFFERED INTO HEMOGLOBIN, CO2 AND H2O EXHALED
WHERE IS THE RESPIRATORY CENTER LOCATED
BRAIN STEM, PONS AND MEDULLA OBLONGATA
MEDULA
MAIN CENTER OF INSPIRATION AND EXPIRATION, PHRENIC AND INTERCOSTAL NERVE- STIMULATE INSPIRATION, VAGUS NERVE- BEGIN EXPIRATION
PHRENIC NERVE
ORIGINATE BETWEEN C-3,4,5, INNERVATE DIAPHRAGM
INTERCOSTAL NERVES
ORIGINATE BETWEEN T-2 - T-12, INNERVATE EXTERNAL INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES