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100 Cards in this Set

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Abrupt

The nurse noticed an abrupt change in the patient's level of pain
sudden
abstain

the dental hygienist instructed the patient to abstain from smoking to improve his breath odor.
the voluntarily refrain from something
access

To administer medications into the patient's vein, the nurse must access the vein with a special neddle.
a means to obtain entry or a means of approach
accountable

Paramedics are accountable for maintaining up-to-date knowledge of resuscitation techniques.
responsible
adhere

the tape must adhere to the patient's skin to hold the bandage in place.
to hold fast or stick together
adverse

Vomiting is an adverse effect of many medications.
undesired, possibly harmful
affect

The nrse observed that a depressed patient exhibited no obvious emotion and reported that the patient had a flat affect.
apperance of observable emotions
annual

The patient told the nurse that she had scheduled her annual mammogram as she had been instructed.
occurring every year
apply

The physical therapist will apply a medication to the wound before covering the wound with a bandage.
to place, put on, or spread something
audible

The respiratory therapist noticed that when the patient was having difficulty breathing, the therapist could hear an audible wheezing sound.
able to be heard
bilateral

The unlicensed assistive personnel reported to the nurse that the patient had bilateral weakness in the legs when walking.
present on two sides
cast

The nurse instructed the child that he could not go swimming while the cast was on his broken arm.
hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals
cease

Because the patient's breathing had ceased, the paramedic began resuscitation measures.
come to an end or bring to an end
compensatory

When the patient's blood pressure decreased, which the paramedic recognized as a compensatory action.
offsetting or making up for something
complication

The physician told the patient that loss of eyesight is a possible complication of eye surgery.
an undesired problem that is the result of some other event
comply

The nurse asked the patient to comply with the instructions for taking the medication.
do as directed
concave

The dietician noticed that the patient was very thin, and the patient's abdomen appeared concave.
rounded inward
concise

When teaching a patient, the nurse tried to be concise, so the instructions would be easy to remember.
breif, to the point
consistency

The respiratory therapist noticed that the mucus the patient was coughing was of a thin, watery consistency.
degree of viscosity; how thick or think a fluid is
constrict

The nurse knows that the small blood vessels of the skin will constrict when ice is applied to the skin.
to draw together or become smaller
contingent

The hygienist told the patient that a healthy mouth is contingent on careful daily brushing and flossing.
dependent
contour

While bathing an overweight patient, the unlicensed assistive personnel noticed that the contour of the patient's abdomen was quite rounded.
shape or outline of a shape
contract

The physical therapist exercises the patient's muscles so they contract and expand.
to draw together, to reduce in size
contraindication

The patient's excessive bleeding was a contraindication for discharge from the hospital.
a reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done
defecate

The unlicensed assistive personnel helped the patient to the toilet when he needed to defecate.
expel feces
deficit

The therapist explained that the patient will experience a fluid deficit if the patient continues to perspire heavily during exercise without drinking enough fluids.
a deficiency or lack of something
depress

The nurse will depress the patient's skin to see if any swelling is present.
press downward
depth

The physician measures the depth of a wound by inserting a cotton swab into the wound.
downward measurement from a surface
deteriorating

The dental hygienist explains that the condition of the patient's gums is deteriorating, and treatment by the dentist is needed right away.
worsening
device

A thermometer is device used to measure the patient's body temperature.
tool or piece of equipment
diameter

When measuring a patient's blood pressure, the nurse knows that when the diameter of a blood vessel increases, the pressure in that blood vessel goes down.
the distance accross the center of an object
dilate

When shining a light in the patient's eyes, the nurse looks to see if both pupils dilate in response to the light.
to enlarge or expand
dilute

So that the medication will be easier to swallow, the nurse uses fruit juice to dilute a foul-tasting drug.
to make a liquid less concentrated
discrete

The paramedic observed several discrete bruise marks on the patient's body
distinct,separate
distended

When a blood vessel is distended, it is easier for the laboratory technician to insert a needle to obtain a blood sample.
enlarged or expanded from pressure
elevate

The paramedic decided to elevate the head of the stretcher in order to help the patient breathe more easily.
to lift up or place in a higher position
endogenous

The nurse explained that endogenous insulin produced by the body's pancreas helps regulate the body's blood sugar levels.
produced within the body
exacerbate

The physical therapist recognized that too much exercise would exacerbate the patient's breathing difficulties.
to make worse or more severe
excess

The dietician explained that an excess consumption of caffeine may cause unpleasant effects such as feeling nervous and on edge.
more than what is neede or usual
exogenous

The nrse explained that people with diabetes often need to receive exogenous forms of insulin because their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin.
produced outside the body
expand

The unlicensed assistive personnel turns the patient frequently so that the size of the skin sore will not expand any further.
to increase in size or amount
exposure

The nurse taught the parents of a newborn to avoid exposure to people with severe infections.
contact
external

The unlicensed assistive personnel measured the amount of blood in the external drain after the patient's surgery.
located outside the body
fatal

The emergency medical technicians arrived too late to save any lives at the scene of a fatal car accident.
resulting in death
fatigue

The dietician explained to the patient that eating more iron-rich food may help reduce feelings of fatigue.
extreme tiredness, exhaustion
flaccid

After her stroke, the patient could not feed herself because her arms were flaccid.
limp, lacking tone
flushed

The therapist observed that the patient's face was flused after completing the exercises.
reddened or ruddy appearance
gaping

In the emergency room, the nurse observed a gaping wound when examining a gunshot victim.
wide open
gender

Female gender places patients at higher risk for breast cancer.
sex of an individual, as in male or female
hydration

The nurse explains that adequate hydration helps keep skin soft and supple.
maintenance of body fluid balance
hygiene

The dental assistant teaches patients about good hygiene practices to maintain strong teeth.
measures contributing to cleanliness and good health
impaired

The paramedic stated that the patient's impaired speech was obvious in the way she slurred her words.
diminished or lacking some usual quality or level
impending

The nurse observed the patient signing the consent form for the impending procedure.
likely to occur soon
incidence

In recent years there has been an increased incidence of infections that do not respond to antibiotics.
occurrence
inflamed

The nurse observed that the skin around the patient's ound was inflamed.
reddened, swollen, warm, and often tender
ingest

The paramedic may contact the poison control center when providing emergency care for a child who has ingested cleaning fluid.
to swallow for digestion
initiate

The nurse decided to initiate safety measure to prevent injury because the patient was very weak.
to begin or put into practice
insidious

The physician explained that the cancer probably started years ago but had not been detected becaue its spread was so insidious.
so gradual as to not become apparent for a long time
intact

The nurse observed that the bandage was intact after surgery.
in place, unharmed
internal
located within the body
invasive

The laboratory technician is careful when obtaining blood samples, because this invasive procedure may cause problems such as infection or bruising.
inserting or entering into a body part
labile

Because the child's temperature was very labile, the nurse instructed the unlicensed assistive personnel to check the temperature frequently.
changing rapidly and often
latent

The latent infection produced symptoms only when the patient's condition was weakened from another illness.
present, but not active or visible
lethargic

The unlicensed assistive personnel observed that the morning after a patient received a sleeping pill, the patient was too lethargic to eat breakfast.
difficult to arouse
manifestation

The dietician looked for manifestations of poor nutrition, such as excessive weight loss and poor skin condition.
an indication or sign of a condition
nutrient

The dietician explains that fruits and vegetables contain nutrients that reduce the risk of some cancers.
substance or ingredient that provides nourishment
occluded

Because the patient's foot was cold and blue, the nurse reported that ht epatient's circulation to that foot was occluded.
closed or obstructed
ominous

After a patient sustained a head injury, the paramedic noted that the patient's breathing was irregular, which was an ominous sign that the patient's condition was worsening.
significantly important and dangerous
ongoing

The nurse instructed that patient that the treatment would be ongoing throughout the patient's entire hospital stay.
continuous
oral

The unlicensed assistive personnel reminded the patient not to take any fluids orally because he was scheduled for surgery.
given through or affecting the mouth
overt

The overt symptoms of the disease included vomiting and diarrhea.
obvious, easily observed
parameter

The dietician explained that the number of calories needed for energy is one of the important parameters of a healthy diet.
a characteristic or constant factor
paroxysmal

The respiratory therapist provided a breathing treatment to stop the patient's paroxysmal breathing difficulty.
beginning suddenly or abruptly
patent

The nurse checked to see whether the intravenous needle was patent before giving the patient a medication.
open
potent

The medication was very potent, and it immediately relieved the patient's pain.
producing a strong effect
potential

Because the patient was very weak, the therapist felt the patient had a high potential for falling.
capable of occuring or likely to occur
precaution

The laboratory technician wore gloves as a precaution against blood contamination.
preventive measure
precipitous

The paramedic assisted the pregnant woman during a precipitous delivery in her home.
rapid, uncontrolled
predispose

The dietician explains that high dietary fat intake predisposes some persons to heart disease.
to make more susceptiable or more likely to occur
preexisting

The nurse notified the physician that the patient has a preexisting condition that might lead to complications during the emergency surgery.
already present
primary

The patient's primary concern was when he could return to work after the operation.
first of most significant
priority

The laboratory technician was gentle when inserting the needle because it is a high priority to ensure taht the patient does not experience excessive pain and discomfort during the procedure.
of great importance
prognosis

The physician explained that with treatment the patient's prognosis was for a long and healthy life.
the anticipated or expected course or outcome
rationale

To make sure that the patient will follow the diet instructions, the dietician explains the rationale for the low-salt diet.
the underlying reason
recur

To make sure that a tooth cavity does not recur, the dental hygienist instructs the patient to use toothpaste with fluoride regularly.
to occur again
restrict

The unlicensed assistive personnel removed the water pitcher from the room to assist the patient in following instructions to restrict the intake of fluids.
to limit
retain

The nurse administered a medication to prevent the patient from retaining excess body fluid, which might cause unpleasant swelling.
to hold or keep
site

The nurse selected a site to sarte the patient's IV based on comfort for the patient.
location
status

The paramedic recognized that the patient's status was unstable, which necessitated immediate transport to the nearest medical center.
condition
strict

The nurse stressed that the patient must follow instructions to maintain stric bed rest to prevent further injury.
stringent, exact, complete
supplement

The dietician instructed the patient to supplement their diet with extra calcium tablets to help build strong bones.
to take in addition to or to complete
suppress

When the child's fever came down, the nurse checked to see if any medications had been given that would have suppressed the fever.
to stop or subdue
symmetric (symmetrical)

The paramedic observed that the movement of both sides of the patient's chest was symmetrical after the accident.
being equal or the same in size, shape, and relative position
symptom

The nurse recognized that the patient's weakness was a symptom of bleeding after surgery.
anindication of a problem
untoward

The patient became very confused, which was an untoward effect of the medication received.
adverse or negative
urinate

The nurse instructed the patient to report any discomfort felt during urination.
excrete or expel urine
verbal

The paramedic called in a verbal report on the patient's condition to the emergency room nurse while transporting the patient to the hospital.
spoken, using words
vital

The paramedic knows that it is vital to learn what type of poison was taken when caring for a poisoning victim.
essential
void

The patient was instructed to void into the container so the nurse could observe the appearance of the urine.
excrete, or expel urine
volume

The nurse recorded the volume of cough syrup administered to the patient.
ammount of space occupied by fluid