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77 Cards in this Set

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Sudden.
Abrupt
Ex. The nurse noticed an abrupt change in the patient's level of pain.
To voluntarily refrain from something.
Abstain
Ex. The dental hygienist instructed the patient to abstain from smoking to improve his breath odor.
A means to obtain entry or a means of approach.
Access
Ex. To administer medications into the patient's vein, the nurse must access the vein with a special needle.
Responsible.
Accountable
Ex. Paramedics are accountable for maintaining up-to-date knowledge of resuscitation techniques.
To hold fast or stick together.
Adhere
Ex. The tape must adhere to the patient's skin to hold the bandage in place.
Undesired, possibly harmful.
Adverse
Ex. Vomiting is an adverse effect of many medications.
Appearance of observable emotions.
Affect
Ex. The nurse observed that a depressed patient exhibited no obvious emotion and reported that the patient had a flat affect.
Occurring every year.
Annual
Ex. The patient told the nurse that she had scheduled her annual mammogram, as she had been instructed.
To place, put on, or spread something.
Apply
Ex. The physical therapist will apply a medication to the wound before covering the wound with a bandage.
Able to be heard.
Audible
Ex. The respiratory therapist noticed that when the patient was having difficulty breathing, the therapist could hear an audible wheezing sound.
Present on two sides.
Bilateral
Ex. The unlicensed assistive personnel reported to the nurse that the patient had bilateral weakness in the legs when walking.
Hard protective device applied to protect a broken bone while the bone heals.
Cast
Ex. The nurse instructed the child that he could not go swimming while the cast was on his broken arm.
Come to an end or bring to an end.
Cease
Ex. Because the patient's breathing had ceased, the paramedic began resuscitation measures.
Offsetting or making up for something.
Compensatory
Ex. When the patient's blood pressure decreased, the paramedic noted that the heart rate increased, which the paramedic recognizes a compensatory action.
An undesired problem that is the result of some other even.
Complication
Ex. The physician told the patient that loss of eyesight is a possible complication of eye surgery.
Do as directed.
Comply
Ex. The nurse asked the patient to comply with the instructions for taking the medication.
Rounded inward.
Concave
Ex. The dietician noticed that the patient was very thin, and the patient's abdomen appeared concave.
Brief, to the point.
Concise
Ex. When teaching a patient, the nurse tried to be concise, so the instructions would be easy to remember.
Degree of viscosity; how thick or thin a fluid is.
Consistency
Ex. The respiratory therapist noticed that the mucus the patient was coughing was of a thin, watery consistency.
Dependent
Contingent
Ex. The hygienist told the patient that a healthy mouth is contingent on careful daily brushing and flossing.
Shape or outline of a shape.
Contour
Ex. While bathing an overweight patient, the unlicensed assistive personnel noticed that the contour of the patient's abdomen was quite rounded.
To draw together, to reduce in size.
Contract
Ex. The physical therapist exercises the patient's muscles so they contract and expand.
A reason why something is not advisable or why it should not be done.
Contraindication
Ex. The patient's excessive bleeding was a contraindication for discharge from the hospital.
Expel feces.
Defecate
Ex. The unlicensed assistive personnel helped the patient to the toilet when he needed to defecate.
A deficiency or lack of something.
Deficit
Ex. The therapist explained that the patient will experience a fluid deficit if the patient continues to perspire heavily during exercise without drinking enough fluids.
Press downward.
Depress
Ex. The nurse will depress the patient's skin to see if any swelling is present.
Downward measurement form a surface.
Depth
Ex. The physician measures the depth of a wound by inserting a cotton swab into the wound.
Worsening
Deteriorating
Ex. The dental hygienist explains that the condition of the patient's gums is deteriorating and treatment by the dentist is needed right away.
Tool or piece of equipment.
Device.
E. A thermometer is a device used to measure the patient's body temperature.
The distance across the center of an object.
Diameter
Ex. When measuring a patient's eyes, the nurse knows that when the diameter of a blood vessel increases, the pressure in that blood vessel goes down.
To enlarge or expand.
Dilate
Ex. When shining a light in the patient's eyes, the nurse looks to see if both pupils dilate in response to the light.
To make a liquid less concentrated.
Dilute
Ex. So that the medication will be easier to swallow, the nurse uses fruit juice to dilute a foul tasting drug.
Distinct, separate.
Discrete
Ex. The paramedic observed several discrete bruise marks on the patient's body.
Enlarged or expanded from pressure.
Distended
Ex. When a blood vessel is distended, it is easier for the laboratory technician to insert a needle to obtain a blood sample.
To lift up or place in a higher position.
Elevate
Ex. The paramedic decided to elevate the head of the stretcher in order to help the patient breathe more easily.
Produced from within the body.
Endogenous
Ex. The nurse explained that endogenous insulin produced by the body's pancreas helps regulate the body's blood sugar levels.
To make worse or more severe.
Exacerbate
Ex. The physical therapist recognized that too much exercise would exacerbate the patient's breathing difficulties.
More than what is needed or usual.
Excess
Ex. The dietician explained that an excess consumption of caffeine may cause unpleasant effects such as feeling nervous and on edge.
Produced outside the body.
Exogenous
Ex. The nurse explained that people with diabetes often need to receive exogenous forms of insulin because their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin.
To increase in size or amount
Expand
Ex. The unlicensed assistive personnel turns the patient frequently so that the size of the skin sore will no expand any further.
Contact
Exposure
Ex. The nurse taught the parents of a newborn to avoid exposure to people with severe infections.
Located outside the body.
External
Ex. The unlicensed assistive personnel measured the amount of blood in the external drain after the patient's surgery.
Resulting in death.
Fatal
Ex. The emergency medical technicians arrived too late to save any lives at the scene of a fatal car accident.
Extreme tiredness, exhaustion.
Fatigue
Ex. The dietician explained to the patient that eating more iron-rich foods may help reduce feelings of fatigue.
Limp, lacking tone
Flaccid
Ex. After her stroke, the patient could not feed herself because her arms were flaccid.
Reddened or ruddy appearance.
Flushed
Ex. The therapist observed that the patient's face was flushed after completing the exercises.
Wide open
Gaping
Ex. In the emergency room, the nurse observed a gaping wound when examining a gunshot victim.
Sex of an individual, as in male or female.
Gender
Ex. Female gender places patients at higher risk for breast cancer.
Maintenance of body fluid balance.
Hydration
Ex. The nurse explains that adequate hydration helps keep skin soft and supple.
Measures contributing to cleanliness and good health.
Hygiene
Ex. The dental assistant teaches patients about good hygiene practices to maintain strong teeth.
Diminished or lacking some usual quality or level.
Impaired
Ex. The paramedic stated that the patient's impaired speech was obvious in the way she slurred her words.
A word or group of words that names a person, place, thing or idea.
Noun
(eg. the PROFESSOR'S class, the BIOLOGY class)
A noun that is the general name of a person, place, or thing. (eg. nurse, hospital, syringe)
Common noun
A noun that is the official name of a person, place, or thing. (eg. Susan, Houston, St. Lukes Hospital)
Proper noun
A noun that is the name of a quality or a general idea. (eg. persistence, democracy)
Abstract noun
A noun that represents a group of persons, animals or things. (eg. family, flock, furniture)
Collective noun
A word that takes place of an oun, another pronoun, or a group of words acting as a noun. (eg. The students wanted their test papers graded and returned to them in a timely manner)
Pronoun
Students is the antecedent of the pronoun their.
refers to a specific person, place, thing or idea by indicating the person speaking (first person), the person or people spoken to (second person), or any other person, place, thing or idea being talked about (third person).
Personal pronoun
eg. We (first person) were going to ask you (second person singular) to give them (third person plural) a ride to the office.
A form of personal pronoun that shows possession or ownership.
Possessive pronoun
eg. That is MY book. That book is MINE. That is HIS book. That book is HIS.
A word, phrase or clause that modifies a noun or pronoun.
It answers What kind, Which one, How many or How much.
Adjective
eg. the BIOLOGY book, HE is nice
Hints: Do not use the word MORE with certain adjective ie. those ending in 'er.
Ex. Improper to write more better, more harder.
A word or phrase that is used to express an action or a state of being.
Verb
expresses time through a tense. Present- Mary works, Past- Mary worked, Future- Mary will work.
HESI HINT: improper/ proper use of verbs.
It is important Vanessa send (not sends) her resume immediately. I wish I were (not was) that smart. If I were (not was) you, I'd leave now.
A word, phrase or clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Adverb
eg. Verb: The physician operates QUICKLY. Adjective: The nurse wears VERY colorful uniforms. Another Adverb: The student scored QUITE badly on the test.
A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence.
Preposition
A word that joins words, phrases, or clauses
Conjunction
A word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclamation.
Interjection
eg. yikes, etc. etc.; whew, etc. etc.
A group of words that has a subject and a predicate.
Clause
Express a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
Independent clause
Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone in a sentence.
Dependent clause
The person or thing that is directly affected by the action of the verb. Answers what or whom after a transitive verb.
Direct object
eg. The students watched the professor distribute the examinations. The PROFESSOR answers WHOM the students watched.
The person or thing that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb. Answers To whom, For whom, To what, or For what after an action verb.
Indirect object
eg. The professor gave his class the test results. HIS CLASS is the indirect object.
A group of two or more words that acts as a single part of speech in a sentence.
Phrase
(a phrase lacks a subject and a predicate)
an adjective that follows a linking verb and helps to explain the subject.
Predicate adjective
eg. My professors are WONDERFUL.
A noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and helps to esplain the subject.
Predicate nominative
eg. Professors are TEACHERS.
A group of words that expresses a complete thought.
Sentence
Word, phrase or clause that names whom or what the sentence is about.
Subject