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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aramaic
Universal language throughout the Middle East, before Arabic was.
Damascus
Capital of modern Syria, oldest continually inhabited city in the world
Semitic
ethnic tribes from Arabian Peninsula that migraed into the Fertile Crescent
metallurgy
science of separating metals from ores
Baal
Phoenician god for each city-state
alphabet
system of letters based on sounds used to write a language
Carthage
colony of phoenicians on North coast of Africa, modern day Tunisia
Tyre
Important ancient Phoenician port city on island with natural harbor
Phoenicia
narrow coastal strip of land to the north of Israel on Mediterranean shore
The city of David
Jerusalem, as it is sometimes reffered to by Jewish people
Gaza
name of one of the Phillistine city-states, is today one of the most disputed areas between Palestinians and Israelis
Levites
12th tribe, religious leaders of all the other tribes
Polaris
"North Star" part of the little dipper in a fixed location. Reliable and predictable especially for navigation. Poenicians- 1200-600 B.C. WHY?- Helps them find their way on the high seas. Helps them to trade more. Developed an extensive trade route network, including the entire Mediterranean, to Britain and around Africa-(1st to be able to do so)
Political Vacuum
WHO- Hebrews, Phoenicians and Aramean cultures WHAT- Situation that developed in E. Mediterranean region WHEN- 1200-600 B.C. WHY- Where these smaller actions were not dominated by more powerful surrounding nations. Allowed to deelop distinctive cultures, make unique contributions and develop good economic independence
Trade
Phoinix
cedars of Lebanon
metallurgy
Alphabet
1200-600 B.C. Phoenicians Used to facilitate trade
Old Testament
Hebrews scriptures
contain books of Torah
We can read about what hey believed and followed
Semitic location
Phoenicians, Hebrews and Arameans came from Arabian Peninsula 2500 bc-migration
Aramean contributions
System of weights and measures
Land trade routes
Standard language
Political
no king
city-states
confederation
King Solomon
Built temple
12 districts with governor
trade alliances w/Egypt and Mesopotamia
Built fleet of ships
Expanded territory
Fortresses
Bad things about Kings
Taxes
Forced Labor
Loss of tribal independence
3 sacred book
The Torah- book of law
The Mishnah- book of repetitions
The Talmud- book of instructions