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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vad Deferens
small muscular tube that carries sperm fromt he epididymis to the ejaculatory duct
ovary
female reproductive gland that produce hormones and ova
urethra
duct for the discharge of urine fromt he bladder to the outside of the body
testes
one of a pair of male reproductive glands in which sperm and testosterone are produced
cervix
the narrow opening that connects the bagina to the body of the uterus
seminal vesicles
2 sac-like glands int he male, lying bhind the bladder and connected to the vas deferns on each side; secretes a fluid that forms part of semen
prostate gland
the ejaculatory duct runs through this- it secretes a flud that initiates the movement of sperm and is part of semen
vagina
tubular, muscular organ that forms the passageway between the uterus and the vulva
scrotum
thin loose pouch of skin in the male that contains the testes and the spermatic cord
penis
externam male reproductive organ through which urine and sperm pass (but not at the same time)
endometrium
the mucous membrane of the uterus (thickness and structure vary with the menstrual cycle)
cowper's gland
two glands located beneath the prostate gland; secretes pre-ejaculatory fluid
uterus
contains and nourishes the embryo from implantation to birth
epididymis
tightly coiled cordlike structure that stores sperm
fallopian tubes
brings the ovum fromt he ovary to the uterus and the sperm fromt he uterus to the ovary
ejaculatory duct
the end of the cas deferens where sperm mixes with seminal fluids
vulva
the term used for the opening of the vagina, the clitoris, and the labia
labia
inner and outcer fatty lip-like structures used to protect the vulva
clitoris
small erectile projection in the female responsible for sexual pleasure and orgasm
seminiferous tubules
tightly coiled cordlike structures that are located inside each testicle and are approximately 18 feet long and produce sperm
condom
-excellent protectiona gainst STI
- 88% and 98% if used correctly and consistently
female condom
-protectiona gainst STI
-safe but difficult to insert and expensive
-75%, 95% if used correctly and consistently
contraceptive foam, film (VCF), suppositories
-some protection against STI
- 72%, 97% if used correctly and consistently
withdrawal
-dependant on male partner
-requires commitment and great control
no protection against STI
periodic abstinence
80%, 99% if combined with calendar, basal temperature, and cervical mucous methods
abstinenece
100%= no risk of pregnancy or STI
birth control pill
-continuous protection against pregnancy
-reversable
-protects against painful or irrgelar periods, ovarian and endometrial cancer, and infections of the fallopian tubes
-taken daily at same time
increased risk of stroke, blood clots, etc
-possible side effects are nausea, breat tenderness, weaght gain
-NO protection against STI
-97%, 99% if used correctly and consistently
norplant
-continuous protection against pregnancy for 5 years
-reversible
-minor surgical procedure
-pissible irregular menstrual bleeding and weight gain
-NO protection against STI
-99+%
depo-provera
-continuous protection against pregnancy for 3 months
- menstruation ceases for over 50% of women
-visit clinician every 3 moths
-non-reversible until effects wear off
-return to fertility make take mothts
-NO protection against STI
-possible weight gain
-99+%
vasectomy and tubal ligation
-permanent prtection against pregnancy
-requires surgery
-non-reversible
-no protection against STI
-99+%
intraunterine device (IUD)
-continuous protection against preganacy for up to 8 years
-reversible
-limited use
-increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease
-may be expelled or perforate uterus
-NO protection against STI
-97%
Human Papilomavirus (HPV)
-viral infection
-can cause genital warts
-sometimes no symprtoms
-can develop into cancer of the cervix or anus if not treated
Chlamydia
-most common STD
-caused by bacteria transmitted during vaginal, oral, or anal contact with an infected partner
-women: unusual discharge, bleeding, burning during urination, lower abdominal pain
-men: pain during urination, burning, itching, or discharge of the penis, pain and swelling in the testicles
-someimtes no syptoms
-can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (of the fallopian tubes- causing damage to ovaries and uterus)
-can be cured with antibiotics
Gonorrhea
-people with chlamydia are often infected with this as well
-bacteria spread during sexual intercourse infect the genital tract, the mouth, and the rectum
-symptoms show up in 2-10 days
-women: cervix is first place of infection, can progress to cause pelvic inflammatory disease, bleeding, painful burning wile urinating, yellow/bloody discharge
-men: pus, painful buring during urination
-men have syptoms more often than women
Genital Herpes
-caused by the herpes simplex virus
-two types: 1) affects lips and causes fever blisters or cold sores 2) aftects gential areas but also mouth during oral sex
-symptoms may appear 2-10 days later
-some blisters arent visible, some are
early symptoms: itching or burning in genital or anal area, pain in the legs, but, or genital area, discharge of fluid from the vagina, feeling of pressure in the abdomen
-small red bumps appear near where virus had entered body, progress and become painful open sores
-not curable
Hepatitis B
-viral disease transmitted sexually by direct contact witht he blood or body fluids of an infected person (during sex or sharing needles)
-symptoms: yellow skin or eyes, loss of appetite, nausea, comiting, fever,s tomach or joint pain, and extreme fatigue
HIV/AIDS
-one is caused by the other
-transmitted though unprotected baginal, anal, or oral sex as well as through sharing of drug injecting needles contaminated with the virus
-at increased risk of contracting if already have another STD
-possibly no syptoms up to 10 years