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72 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Leading Cause of Death in the United States
Cardiovascular Disease
Number two leading cause of death in the Untied States
Cancer
Veins carry blood ____________ the heart
TO THE HEART
Arteries Carry blood _____________________ the heart
AWAY FROM
Every _________ years adults should have their cholesterol levels checked
Five
LDL
Low Density Lipoproteins
HDL
High Density Lipoproteins
Fat that trasnports cholesterol from the live to organs and tissues; excess is deposited on artery walls, where it can eventually block the flow of blood into the heart and the brain.
LDL (bad Cholesterol)
Blood fat that helps transport cholesterol out of the arteries and thus protecting against heart disease
HDL (Good Cholesterol)
Desirable measurement for blood pressure
115 over 75
What is substained abnormally high blood pressure?
Hypertension
What ways can cholesterol be lowered?
Exercising regularly, not smoking, eating more fruits, vegetables, grains
Form of CVD in which the inner layers of artery walls are made thick and irregular by plaque deposits; arteries become narrow and blood supply is reduced.
Atherosclerosis
most common symptom of ______________ is severe chest pain often in the left arm or shoulder.
Angina
Change in the normal pattern of the heartbeat
Arrhythmia
Condition resulting from the heart's inability to pump out all the blood that returns to it, blood backs up in the veins leading to the heart, causing an accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body.
Congestive Heart Failure (symptoms include hypertension, heart attack, rheumatic fever, and birth defects)
_____________ stroke is impeded blood suppply to the brain caused by the obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot.
Ischemic
_______________ stroke is impeded blood supply to the brain caused by the rupture of a blood vessel.
Hemorrhagic
_____________ stroke is a wandering blood clot that is carried in the bloodstream and may become wedged in one of the cerebral arteries
Embolic
blood-filled pocket that bulges out from a weak spot in an artery wall. Sac formed by a distention or dilation of an artery wall.
Aneurysm
Physical effects of a _____________ are paralysis, walking disability, speech impairment, memory loss, and changes in behavior
Stroke
Small stroke, usually a temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain causing numbness or difficulty with speech.
TIA's
Treatments for _________________________ are diet, weight management, exercise, and if necessary, Medication
High Blood Pressure
Test to detect abnormalities by measuring the electrical acticity in the heart.
Echocardiography
Tumor that is cancerous and can spread
Malignant
Tumor that is only dangerous if it interferes with body functions
Benign
The spreading of cancer
Metastasis
_________ is the most common cancer among men in the United States
Prostate Cancer
Skin Cancer, breast cancer, uterus cancer, and Prostate cancer are the most common form of ___________________ tumors
Malignant
The blood forming of cells is ______________________
Leukemia
__________ is the quantifying extent of cancer
Staging
The earliest stage of cancer
Zero
American woman's chance of developing cancer in her lieftime
1 and 3
______ percent of lung cancer cases are caused by tobacco/smoking
87
Pain Comes Earlier or Later in life with cancer
Later
Pesticides on our fruits and vegetables have not been linked to cause cancer.
True
When a tumor and surrounding tissue/lymph nodes have to be removed (Surgery, Radiation, or Chemotherapy)
Surgery
Purpose is to eliminate or shrink localized cells which is also used in other therapies
(Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy)
Radiation
Systematic treatment, uses drugs/hormones, this is used when cancer has spread, interferes with the ability of cells to grow or multiply which affects all cells
(Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy)
Chemotherapy
Any substance that causes cancer
Carcinogen
Signs of Colorectal Cancer
Blood Stool and Change in bowel
Heredity, work, diet, being overweight, alcohol and tobacco use are all signs that could _________________________
Increase a woman's chance of breast cancer
Melanoma is a
Type of skin cancer
ABCD's of A Mole
Asymmetry, Border Irregularity, Change in Color, Diameter greater than 6 mm
Phytochemicals do what?
Protect against chronic diseases
Fruits, vegetables, meats low in fat, plants that contain phytochemicals are all foods recommended for what?
Cancer Prevention
CAUTION
7 warning signs of cancer
C- Change in bowel or bladder habits
A- A sore that doesn't heal
U- Unusual Bleeding
T- Thickening or lump in breast/elsewhere
I- Indegestion or difficulty swallowing
O- Obvious change in wart or mole
N- Nagging cough or hoarsness
Microorganisms are ______________.
Pathogens
Examples of agents are _________,______,__________,___________-,________________,______________,
Viruses, bacteria, fungi, protoza, microscopic worms, prions
Common Cold, Herpes, Hepatitis, and HIV are all diseases caused by what?
Viruses
Infectious diseases are reemerging because of
global and air travel, population increase, misuse of antibiotics, changes in human behavior
Influenza Causes ____________ a year
20,000
Disease in which the immune system attacks the person's own body
Autoimmune Disease
Chronic Bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs
Tuberculosis
Infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord.
Meningitis
Warts are caused by what?
HPV
Infection that progresses from the vagina and cervix to the uterus, oviducts, and pelvic cavity. Deals with Gonorrhea and/or chlamydia and hasn't received adequate treatment.
PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease)
What is responsible for the common cold sore?
Herpes
Most effective approach to avoid STD's
Abstinence
What is a chancre?
Sore produced by syphilis in its earliest stage.
Can you treat genital warts with over the counter medication?
No.
The STD related to cervical cancer is_____________
HPV
What's the best way to break the chain of infection
Wash your hands
Dietary fats that are healthiest for one to consume are
Omega 3, Calcium, Vitamin E, Potassium, Increase Fiber
1 in 700,000 strokes result in death
1 in 700,000 strokes result in death.
What are the best way to break the chain of infections
Wash your hands
Generally, anitbiotics are effective against what agent?
Bacteria
The STD related to cervical cancer is
HPV
How does estrogen protect women?
Estrogen protects women from Heart Disease until they reach menopause
How does body fat distribution affect one's risk of heart disease?
Apple V Pear, Pear is better.
What role does aspirin play regardring heart disease?
It's an Anti-Clotting medicine and it decreases inflammation
What bacteria can lead to rheumatic fever and heart disease, if untreated?
Strep Throat