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97 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Life expectancny and years
1990s: 75 to 77 years
1900: 47 years
Heredity
traits passed biologically from parent to child
Lifestyle
person's pattern of living as expressed in his or her activities, interests, and opinions
Physical Health
ability to carry of tasks
Mental Health
how someone feels about self
Social Health
how someone gets along with others
Risk factors
any condition that increases likelihood of injury, disease, or other negative outcome
Stress
a state of mental or emoional strain or suspense
Alarm Stage
both mind and body reacts to stress
Carbohydrates
good energy source, 50% calorie intake
Fats
nutrients with highest energy source, difficult to break down, should be 30% or less of intake
Protein
for growth and repair, not energy
Vitamins
Can be fat or water soluble, assist chemical reactions in body
Minerals
nutrients from nonliving things
Fiber
type of complex carbohydrate found only in plants, helps digestion
Cholesterol
waxy, fatlike substance found only in animals
Bulimia
eating disorder characterized by cycles of bingeing and purging
Diabetes
disease where a person has high level glucose in blood
% Body Fat
estimate of weight
Hypoglycemia
condition when body produces too much insulin, causing glucose levels to fall
Osteoporosis
bones become weaker as we age due to loss of calcium
Osteoarthritis
generally, a condition caused by wear and tear that causes inflammation of the joint, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness
Contraction
The way muscles move; shortening muscle fibers
Sprains
overstretched or torn ligaments (degrees)

1 degree: mild, stretched ligament
2 degree: moderate, stretch/tearing, 7-10 days to heal
3 degree: serious, surgery, torn 90% or more
Strains
overstretched or torn muscle fibers (degrees)
Cartilage
tough supportive tissue, softer and more flexable than bones, cushins joint
Tendon
use energy when they contract; lactic acid accumulates to cause fatigue after exercise
Arthroscope
A tiny tube of lenses used for viewing areas inside a joint. Usually attached to a small video camera.
Ligament
strong, fiborous bands that connect bones, keeping joints in place, don’t stretch
Anaerobic
Short-term, highly intense activities in which muscle fibers derive energy for contraction from stored internal energy sources without the use of oxygen from the blood
Aerobic
sustained exercise that uses large muscle groups and places demands on the cardiovascular system
Tolerance
when a body becomes accustomed to or builds up a resistance to a drug
Cirrhosis
a condition in which the liver becomes scarred, fibrous, and filled with fat, thus reducing its ability to function
Inhibitions
controls that we put on our emotions and behavior in order to behave in socially acceptable ways; drinkers begin to lose judgment and self control which reduces inhibitions
Proof
measure of % of alcohol in a beverage
FAS
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - The developmental effect of maternal alcohol consumption on children: wide spaced eyes, mental retardation, motor problems, emotional lability
Blackouts
periods of time drinker cannot retell; not passing out
Passing out
faint: pass out from weakness, physical or emotional distress due to a loss of blood supply to the brain
BAC
Blood-alcohol concentration. The percentage amount of alcohol in a person's bloodstream
Nicotine
drug that acts as a stimulant; causes heart to be faster, skin temp drops, and blood pressure rises
Carbon Monoxide
poisonous, colorless, odorless gas found in tobacco smoke; displaces large amounts of oxygen in red blood cells, so less oxygen gets to muscles and organs, causing fatigue, heart works harder, shortness of breath
Tar
dark sticky mixture formed when tobacco burns; contains hundreds of cancer-causing agents; hairs in respiratory tract damaged, leading to disease (cancer, bronchitis, emphysema)
Depressants
slow brain and body reactions; slow breathing and heart rate, lowers blood pressure, relaxes muscles, mood altering
Stimulants
speed up central nervous system activities; increase breathing, heart rates, and blood pressure; user feels excited and alert
Hallucinogens
alter perception, thoughts and moods, memory loss, personality changes, unpredictable and frightening
Alcohol
a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent
Marijuana
Causes confusion, sudden mood changes, memory problems, loss of coordination; depressant, stimulant AND hallucinogen; cancer agent
Ecstasy
A chemically modified amphetamine that has hallucinogenic as well as stimulant properties
Cocaine
highly addictive stimulant that causes depression when its effect wears off
Methamphetamine
A commonly abused, potent stimulant drug that is part of a larger family of amphetamines
Flashbacks
reoccurrence; not a memory
Testes
produce testosterone and sperm; thousands of chambers always producing sperm; millions daily
Hormones
chemicals which control almost every body function, released into the blood by endocrine glands
Semen
fluid that is made up of sperm and the secretaries from the three sets of glands
Vagina
birth canal; sperm enters here, baby passes; walls very elastic
Menopause
time of life when ovaries slow down hormone production and menstruation gradually stops
Fertilization
conception; union of egg and sperm
Ovulation
when mature egg is released from the ovary
Uterus
hollow muscular organ; pear-shaped; baby develops inside
Fetus
baby after 8 weeks
Heatstroke
NOT sweating, hot red skin, weak pulse and breathing, high body temp, life threatening

Call 911
Move victim out of heat and give cool water to drink every 15 minutes
No caffeine/alcohol
Monitor breathing/heart rate
Frostbite
skin damage, no/little circulation, skin cold and discolored, waxy

Do not rub affect areas
Soak in warm water
Loosely bandage/sterile gauze
Medical attention
CPR
The initial treatment of cardiopulmonary arrest with mouth-to mouth breathing and chest compressions. The intent is to maintain some blood circulation until defibrillation or other advance treatments can be performed. (Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation)
Poisoning
inhaled, absorbed, ingestion, injection

Call poison control center
Care for shock and monitor breathing
Use advice of poison control center concerning poison removal
Heart Attack
heart beating irregularly
Choking
foreign body airway obstruction
Cardiac Arrest
heart stops
Stroke
flow of blood in brain is stopped
Burns
1st Degree – top layer of skin, red/dry, sunburn
2nd degree – deeper, red and blisters, painful swelling and scarring, might need medical attention
3rd degree – extends through the skin, brown or charred, painful nerve damage, life threatening, needs medical attention

Remove victim from source
Cool water for 1st or 2nd degree
Sterile dressing for 2nd or 3rd
Treat for shock
Call for medical help based on burn
Shock
organs and tissues of the body are not receiving an adequate flow of blood. This deprives the organs and tissues of oxygen (carried in the blood) and allows the buildup of waste products. Can result in serious damage or even death
Hypothermia
drop in body temp; signs – shivering, numbness, apathy, unconsciousness

Call 911
Warm victim, remove wet clothes
Drink warm liquids if conscious
Life threatening
STDs
STDs – abbreviation for sexually transmitted disease

Virus – no cure
Genital Herpes
Genital Warts (most common)
Hepatitis
Pubic Lice

Bacteria –
Chlamydia
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
AIDS Timeline
Window: three weeks to six months
Incubation: 2 to 20+ years depends on immune system and drug therapy
AIDS: 1 to 10+ years; depends on immune system and drug therapy
Stages of labor
1)amniotic sac breaks; may wash or trickle out; cervix dilates to 1 to 4 inches; 4-24 hours
2)baby’s head enters birth canal; mother told to push during contractions; head first to come; amniotic fluid and mucus removed from baby’s mouth and umbilical is cut; lasts ½ hour – 2 hours (birth and delivery)
3)Delivery of placenta; usually 15-30 minutes
Contraception
Contraception – plans to prevent pregnancies

Less effective
-Natural Family Planning (Rhythm Method)
-Withdrawal

More effective
-Barrier method (condom)
-Spermicide
-Sponge
-Diaphragm
-Cervical Cap

Most effective
-Abstinence
-Medical Procedure/Prescription
-Hormonal Implants
-Oral Pills
-Patch
-Sterilization
Fraternal Twins
Twins that have been produced by the simultaneous fertilization of two egg cells and who therefore share only on average 50 percent of their genes, just like other siblings
Identical Twins
Twins that develop from a simple fertilized egg in a single placental sack. Such twins are the same sex and usually resemble one another closely
Amniotic Sac and Fluid
bag of this tissue that encloses the embryo; floats in fluid; acts as shock absorber
Trimesters
Method of dividing pregnancy into three equal time periods of about 13 weeks each (3 trimesters)
Contractions
tightening/shortening of uterus muscles; begin short and mild at first; 30-90 seconds in length
Ultrasound
The use of sound waves to visualize the inside of the body.
Scrotum
sack/pouch protects sperm by keeping temp slightly lower than body temp
Embryo
what a fertilized egg is called once implanted; term used for first 8 weeks
Vas deferens
tube that receives sperm from epididymis and joins urethra “transport”
Epididymis
sperm form in testes but mature in epididymis
Monogamy
One sexual partner, for life, marriage
Blastocyst
A fertilized egg after several days of cell division
Zygotes
is the fertilized egg before cell division begins
AIDS
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Endometrium
lining of the uterus
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus
Puncture
pointed object pierces skin, infection
Avulsion
soft tissue tears
Incision/laceration
deep cut to soft tissues and blood vessels
Abrasion
scrape, easily infected
Contusion
bruise, bleeding under skin, discolored, swelling
Bleeding
Direct pressure
Elevation
Pressure points
Tourniquet