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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
diabetes mellotus signs and symptoms
-posyuria, weight loss, glucosuria
(late complications)
-deabetic retinopathy
diabetes insipidus
signs and symptoms
-wxcessive thirst
-dehydration: weakness, fever, mental confusion, prostration
Euthryroid goiter
Signs and symtoms
-can appear as a small nodule or as a huge , swollen mass on the anterior surface of the neck
-can supress the esophagus or trachea
Diabetes Mwllitus
Characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from impaired insulin secreation and/or effectiveness
diabetes mellitus
-control blood glucose levels
-monitor diet, insulin injections
-hypoglycemic drugs for type2
diabetes insipidus
-urinalysis will reveal colorless urine w/ low osmolality
Euthryroid goiter
-based on thyroid gland enlargment in the presennce of normal hormone levels
Type 1
insulin dependent
-10-15% of all cases
-requires chronic insulin treatment
-usually begins in childhood
-usually from a genetically determined, immune mediated destruction of beta cells.
Diabetes insipidus
polyuria and excessive thirst
euthryroid goiter(simple goiter)
an enlargement of the thyroid gland due to diminished thyroid hormone production w/out clinical hypothyroidism
Euthryoid goiter
-hormone replacement therapy or iodine supplementation
Type 2
non-insulin dependent
-usually in patients over 30
-commonly associated w/ obesity
-genetic factors appear to be a major determinant
-hyper results from both impaired insulin secreatory responses and decreased insulin effectiveness
diabetes insipidus
-almost half of the cases are idiopathic
-other half attributed to head trauma resulting in damage to the pitutarygland or hypothalimus
-causes insufficient secreation of antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
-this allows excessive water to be excreated by the kidneys
Euthryroid goiter
-thyroid gland tissue enlanlarges in order to compensate for an insufficient secreation of thyroid hormones
-sometimes related to a dietary insufficient secreation of iodine
-in many cases, the condition is idiopathic