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1365 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
abate
to lessen; to subside
abdication
giving up control, authority
aberration
straying away from what is normal
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
to hate; to detest
abide
be faithful; to endure
abjure
promise or swear to give up
ablution
washing
abnegation
self-denial
abrogate
repeal or annul by authority
abscond
to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)
abstemious
restraint, especially of food and alcohol
abstruse
difficult to comprehend; obscure
abut
border on
abysmal
bottomless; extreme
acarpous
effete; no longer fertile; worn out
acclaimed
welcomed with shouts and approval
accolade
praise; approval
accretion
the growing of separate things into one
adamant
kind of stone; inflexible
addle
to become rotten; to become confused
adduce
to offer as example, reason or proof
adjudicate
to settle judicially
adjunct
something added; assistant
adjure
to beg
admonitory
containing warning
adorn
add beauty; decorate
adulteration
making unpure, poorer in quality
adumbrate
to suggest or hint; overshadow
adventitious
coming from another source and not innate
affable
polite and friendly
affinity
close connection relationship
aggravate
make worse; irritate
agile
active; quick-moving
agnostic
non-committal
agog
eager; excited
ail
trouble; be ill
alacrity
eager and cheerful readiness
alcove
recess; partially enclosed place
allegiance
duty; support; loyalty
alleviate
make (pain) easier to bear
alloy
to debase by mixing with something inferior
aloof
reserved; indifferent
altercate
to dispute angrily or noisily
amalgamate
mix, combine, unite societies
ambidextrous
able to use the left hand or the right equally well
ambiguous
doubtful; uncertain
ambivalent
having both of two contrary meanings
amble
leisurely walk
ameliorate
improve; make better
amorphous
shapeless
amortize
end (a debt) by setting aside money
anathema
something loathed; curse
anguish
severe suffering
animosity
strong dislike
antebellum
existing before a war
antediluvian
made a long time ago
anthropomorphic
having human characteristics
antidote
medicine used against a poison or a disease
antithetical
direct opposing
apartheid
brutal racial discrimination
aphasia
loss of the power to use or comprehend words
aphorism
concise statement of a principle
aplomb
self-confidence
apostasy
renunciation of a religion
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apotheosis
deification; glorification to godliness
appease
make quiet or calm
appellation
identifying name or title
apprehensive
grasping; understanding; unhappy feeling about future
apprise
give notice; to inform
approbation
approval
apropos
appropriate to the situation; apt
apt
well-suited; quick-witted
arabesque
a complex ornate design
arboreal
of connected with trees
ardor
enthusiasm
arduous
steep; difficult; ascent; laborious
argot
jargon; slang
arrant
in the highest degree
arrogance
proud superior manner of behaviour
articulate
speak distinctly; connect by joints
ascend
go or come up
ascendancy
dominance
ascertain
get to know
ascribe
consider to be the origin of or belonging to
aseptic
surgically clean
ashen
deadly pale
asperity
roughness; harshness; ill temper; irritability
aspersion
slander
assiduous
diligent; hard-working; sedulous
assuage
make smth (pain, desire) less
asterisk
the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)
astringent
substance that shrinks
astute
clever, quick at seeing to get an advantage
atelier
artist's workroom
atonement
repayment death of Jesus
attenuate
make thin; weaken; enervate
attune
bring into harmony
audacious
daring; foolishly bold; impudent
augury
omen; sign
august
majestic; venerable
auspicious
favorable; successful; prosperous
austere
severely moral and strict; simple and plain
auxiliary
helping; supporting
aver
affirm; assert; prove; justify
aversion
strong; dislike
avid
eager; greedy
avow
admit; declare openly
bacchanalian
orgy
bait
to persecute
baleful
harmful; ominous; causing evil
balk
obstacle; purposely to get on the way of
baneful
causing harm or ruin; pernicious; destructive
barrage
artificial; obstacle built across a river
barren
not good enough; unable to have young ones without value
bask
enjoy warmth and light
beatify
to bless; make happy or ascribe a virtue to
bedizen
to adorn, especially in a cheap showy manner
belabor
beat hard
bellicose
belligerent; pugnacious; warlike
belligerent
(person, nation) waging war
benediction
something that promotes goodness or well-being
benefactor
person who has given help
benevolence
wish or activity in doing good
benign
kind and gentle; mild (climate)
bequest
arrangement to give smth at death
berate
scold sharply
bereft
rob or dispossess of smth (material)
bewilder
puzzle; confuse
bigot
stubborn; narrow-minded person
bilge
bulge the protuberance of a cask
bilk
to cheat
blandishment
flattery coaxing
blandness
polite manner; comforting uninteresting
blatant
noisy and rough
blithe
cheerful; casual; carefree
bluster
to talk or act with noisy swaggering threats
bogus
sham; counterfeit; not genuine
boisterous
loud; noisy; rough; lacking restraint
bolster
give greatly needed support
boorish
crude; offensive; rude
brash
hasty; rush; cheeky; saucy
brass
yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)
brazen
made of brass
breach
opening; broken place; breaking
brittle
easily broken
broach
bring up; announce; begin to talk about
brook
to tolerate, endure
buoyant
able to float light-hearted
burgeon
grow forth; send out buds
burnish
to polish, rub to a shine
cabal
a scheme or plot; a group of plotters
cacophony
harsh sound
cadence
rhythmic modulation of sound
cadge
to beg; to get by begging
cajole
use flattery or deceit; to persuade
calumny
slander; aspersion
candid
frank; straight-forward
cant
insincere talk
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
canvass
discuss thoroughly; sort of touting
captious
critical
carouse
to drink alcohol freely
carp
to find fault or complain querulously
carte blanche
full discretionary power
castigation
severe punishment
catalyst
substance that causes speeding up
catatonic
immobile
catholic
comprehensive; universal
caustic
biting; sarcastic
cavil
to raise trivial and frivolous objection
cede/cession
to surrender possession of, especially by treaty
celerity
rapidity of motion or action
censure
expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke
centurion
leader of a unit of 100 soldiers
chaff
to tease good-naturedly
charlatan
quack or fraud
chary
cautious; wary
chastisement
punishment
chauvinist
a blindly devoted patriot
chicanery
legal trickery; false argument
chimera
illusion or fabrication of the mind
chisel
steel tool for shaping materials
chivy
to tease or annoy with persistent petty attacks
choleric
irritable; bad-tempered
chromatic
of color
churl
bad-tempered person
chutzpah
nerve; gall
circumscribe
to draw line around; to limit
clamor
shout; complain with a lot of noise
clerical
of the clergy or clerk
clientele
customers
clinch
come to grips; settle conclusively
cling
to resist separation
clot
half-solid lump formed from liquid
cloture
closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting
coagulation
change to a thick and solid state
coalescing
coming together and uniting into one substance
coax
get smb to do smth by kindness
coda
passage that completes a piece of music
coddle
treat with care and tenderness
coerce
compel to force to make obedient
coeval
of the same period; coexisting
cogent
strong; convincing
cogitate
think deeply; mediate
cognizant
being fully aware of
collusion
secret agreement for a deceitful purpose
combustion
process of burning
comely
attractive
commemorate
keep the memory of
commodious
having plenty of space for what is needed
commuter
person who travels regularly
complaisance
tending to comply; obliging willingness to please
compunction
feeling of regret for one's action
conceal
hide; keep secret
conceited
having an excessively high opinion of oneself
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; comforting; mollifying
concomitant
accompanying
concord
agreement or harmony
concur
agree in opinion; happen together
condense
increase in density, strength; make laconic
condone
forgive
congeal
make or become stiff and solid
congenital
existing from birth; inherent
conjoin
to join together
connoisseur
a person with good judgement (e.g., in art)
connotation
suggestion in addition to
console
give comfort or sympathy to
conspicuous
easily seen; remarkable
consternation
surprise and fear; dismay
constrain
compel
constrict
make tight or smaller
consume
get to the end of
consummate
perfect; make perfec, complete
contemn
to scorn or despise
contentious
argumentative; pugnacious; combative; quarrelsome
contiguous
touching; neighboring
contrite
filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing
contumacious
insubordinate; rebellious
conundrum
a riddle; dilemma; enigma
convalesce
to recover health gradually after sickness
conviction
firm belief
convivial
fond of feasting, drinking, and good company
convoke
call together; summon
convoluted
complicated; coiled; twisted
cordial
warm and sincere
cordon
line (of police acting as a guard)
cornucopia
abundant supply
corporeal
physical of or for the body
corpulent
having a large bulky body
correlate
have a mutual relation
corroboration
additional strengthening evidence
countenance
to favor or approve of
counterfeit
forgery
countervail
counterbalance
covert
disguised
covetous
eagerly desirous
cower
crouch; shrink back
coy
shy, modest (esp of a girl)
cozen
to cheat
crass
very great (esp. stupidity)
cravat
piece of linen worn as a necktie
craven
cowardly
crease
line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket
credulous
ready to believe things
cringe
to behave in an excessively servile way
crotchet
highly individual and usually eccentric opinion
cryptic
secret; with a hidden meaning
cumbersome
burdensome; heavy and awkward to carry
cupidity
greed; lust
curmudgeon
bad-tempered person
curriculum
course of study
cursory
quick hurried
curtail
make shorter then was planned
dainty
pretty, delicate (food); difficult to please
dastard
coward
daunt
intimidate; make fearful
dawdler
person who is slow; waste of time
dearth
shortage
debacle
a breakup; overthrow; sudden disaster
deciduous
ephemeral
declaim/declamation
to speak pompously or bombastically
declivity
downward inclination
decorum
propriety; properness
decree
order given by authority
decry
disapprove of
deferential
showing respect
defiance
open disobedience or resistance
deign
to condescend; to give
deleterious
harmful
delineate
to portray, depict, sketch out
deluge
great flood; heavy rush of water
demagogue
person appealing not to reasons
demur
to hesitate; raise objections
denigrate
blacken; belittle; defame
denouement
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
deplete
use until none remains
deposition
dethronement; depositing
deprave
make morally bad, corrupt
deprecate
protest against; express disapproval of
dereliction
deserting and leaving; to fall into ruins
derision
ridicule; mockery; deriding
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source
derogatory
insulting; tending to damage
descry
catch sight of; see smth in the distance
desiccant
substance used to absorb moisture
desuetude
cessation of use; disuse
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
deter
discourage; hinder
detraction
slandering; verbal attack; aspersion
detumescence
diminishing or lessening of swelling
deviance
being different in moral standards (from normal)
dexterity
skill (esp. in handling)
diaphanous
transparent; gauzy
diatribe
bitter and violent attack in words
didactic
intended to teach; preachy
diffidence
shyness
dilate
speak comprehensively; become wider, large
dilatory
intended to delay
disabuse
to free from error
disallow
refuse to allow or accept as a correct
discern
see with an effort but clearly
discomfit
confuse; embarrass
discompose
to destroy the composure of
disconcert
upset the self-possession of
disconsolate
cheerless; dejected
discountenance
refuse to approve of
discourse
speech lecture
discredit
refuse to believe
discreet
careful, prudent
discrete
individually distinct
disdain
look on with contempt
disencumber
free from encumbrance
disheveled
untidy
disingenuous
sophisticated; artful; trying to deceive; cunning
disinter
dig up from the earth
dislodge
move force from the place occupied
dismal
sad; gloomy; miserable
disparate
essentially different
disproof
proof to the contrary
disquiet
to take away the peace or tranquility
dissemble
speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)
disseminate
distribute (esp. ideas)
dissent
have a different opinion refuse to assent
dissipate
to be dissolute
dissolute
marked by indulgence in vices
dissolution
disintegration; looseness in morals
distraught
distracted violently; upset in mind
divergence
getting farther apart from a point
divestiture
taking off; getting rid of; giving up
divulge
make known smth secret
doggerel
trivial, poorly constructed verse
dogmatic
positive; certain; arbitrary without room for discussion
dolorous
marked by misery or grief
dolt
stupid fellow
dormant
in a state of inactivity but awaiting development
dote
show much fondness; center one's attention
drawl
slow way of speaking
droll
jesting
drone
male bee; person who isn't self-employed
drowsiness
feeling sleepy; half asleep
drudge
to do hard, menial or monotonous work
dubious
feeling doubt
dud
no use person; smth that fails
dulcet
melodious; harmonious
dupe
cheat; make a fool of
duplicity
deliberate deception
duress
threats to compel smb
dwarf
person or smb much below the usual size
dynamo
a generator; something that produces electric current
earthenware
dishes made of baked clay
ebullience
exuberance; outburst of feeling
ebullient
overflowing with enthusiasm; showing excitement
ecumenical
representing the whole Christian world
edacious
voracious; devouring
eddy
circular or spiral movement (e.g., of wind)
edible
fit to be eaten; not poisonous
efface
to make indistinct
effete
infertile; worn out; weak
efficacy
production of a desired result
effluvia
outflow in a stream of particles; a noxious odor or vapor
effrontery
boldness; impudence; arrogance
egregious
flagrant
egress
way out; exit
elaborate
worked out with much care, in great detail
elegy
a lament; a melancholy composition
elicit
draw out
eloquence
fluent speaking; skillful use of language
emaciate
make thin and weak
embellish
make beautiful
embezzle
use in a wrong way for one's own benefit
emollient
soothing to the skin; mollifying
emote
stir up; excite
empirical
relying on experiment
encapsulate
enclose in capsule
encomium
warm or glowing praise; eulogy; panegyric
encumbrance
burden things that get on the way of
endearing
making dear or liked
endorse
write one's name on the back of
enduring
lasting
enervate
weaken; deprive of strength; attenuate
engrave
impress deeply
engrossing
taken up all the time or attention; writing in large or formal
engulf
swallow up
enigma
smth that is puzzling
enmity
hatred; being an enemy
ennui
boredom
ensign
flag; badge
entangle
put into difficulties
enthral
please greatly; enslave (fig.)
entice
tempt or persuade
entreat
ask earnestly
enunciate
pronounce (words); express a theory
enzyme
catalyst
epicurean
devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)
epigram
terse or witty and often paradoxical saying
epistle
letter
epithet
adjective
epitome
brief summary; representative example; a typical model
equable
steady; regular
equanimity
calmness of temperament
equilibrium
state of being balanced
equipoise
equal distribution of weight; equilibrium
equivocal
having a double or doubtful meaning; suspicious
equivocate
try to deceive by equivocal language
eradicate
get rid of; pull up by the roots
erratic
irregular in behaviour or opinion
erudite
learned scholarly
eschew
avoid
esoteric
abstruse; intended only for a small circle of
espouse
marry; give one's support to
eulogy
formal praise; panegyric
euphoria
elation state of pleasant excitement
euthanasia
easy and painless death
evasive
tending to evade
evince
to show clearly; to indicate
evoke
call up; bring out
exacerbate
to make more violent, bitter or severe
excoriation
severe criticism
exculpate
to clear from a charge of guilt
execrate
to denounce; to detest utterly
exhaustive
complete; thorough
exigency
emergency an urgent situation
exoneration
set smb clear, free (e.g., from blame)
exorbitant
much too high or great
expatiate
to roam; wander freely
expedient
likely to be useful for a purpose
expiation
ending; expiring
exploit
brilliant achievement; develop, use selfishly
expostulate
argue earnestly; to dissuade, correct or protest
expurgate
to remove obscenity, purify, censor
exscind
to cut out; cut away
extant
still in existence
extempore
without previous thought or preparation
extenuate
reduce the strength; lessen seriousness; partially excuse
extinct
no longer active
extinguish
end the existence of; wipe or put out
extirpate
to destroy; exterminate
extol
praise highly
extort
obtain by threats, violence
extralegal
outside the law
extraneous
extrinsic; not forming an essential part
extricable
that can be freed
extrovert
cheerful person
exuberance
state of growing vigorously; being full of life
facetious
humorous; funny; jocular
facile
easily done
fallacious
based on error
falter
waver; move in an uncertain manner
fanciful
imaginary
fatuous
without sense; foolish self-satisfaction
fawn
young deer; try to win smb's favor
feckless
lacking purpose or vitality; ineffective
fecund
fertile
feint
pretend
felicitous
apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felon
person guilty of murder
ferment
substance; become excited
ferocity
savage cruelty
ferret
discover by searching; search
fervid
showing earnest feeling
fervor
warmth of feelings; earnestness
fetid
stinking
fetter
to shackle; put in chains
feud
bitter quarrel over a long period of time
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
fidget
move restlessly; make nervous
figurehead
carved image on the prow of a ship
finesse
delicate way of dealing with a situation
finical
too fussy about food, clothing, etc.
finicky
finical
fission
splitting or division (esp. of cells)
fixate
stare at
flak
criticism; anti-aircraft guns
flamboyant
brightly colored; florid
flaunting
show off complacently
flax
pale; yellow (hair); a plant
flay
to skin; to excoriate
fledged
able to fly; trained, experienced
fleet
number of ships; quick-moving
flinch
draw; move back; wince
flop
fail; move; fall clumsily
florid
very much ornamented; naturally red (e.g., of face)
flounder
to struggle to move; to proceed clumsily
flout
reject, mock; to go against (as in going against tradition)
fluke
lucky stroke
fluster
make nervous or confused
foible
defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)
foil
prevent from carrying out; contrast
foment
put smth warm (to lessen the pain)
foolproof
incapable; of failure or error
foppish
like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes
forage
food for horses and cattle
forbear
refrain from; be patient; ancestor
forbearance
patience; willingness to wait
ford
shallow place in a river (to cross)
forebode
to foretell or predict
forensic
belonging to courts of judicature
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance preempt
foretoken
premonitory sign
forfeit
suffer the loss of smth
forge
workshop for the shaping of metal; to shape metal lead
forgery
counterfeit
forswear
renounce; disallow; repudiate
foster
nurture; care for
fracas
noisy quarrel
fractious
quarrelsome; irritable
fragile
easily injured, broken or destroyed
fragrant
sweet-smelling
frantic
wildly excited with joy; anxiety
frenetic
frantic, frenzied
fret
worry; irritation; wear away
fringe
edge; ornamental border; part of hair over the forehead
froward
intractable; not willing to yield or comply; stubborn
frugal
careful; economical
fulmination
bitter protest
fulsome
disgusting; offensive due to excessiveness
fusty
musty; rigidly old-fashioned or reactionary
gainsay
to deny; to oppose
garble
make unfair selection from facts
garment
article of clothing
garner
to gather and save to store up
garrulity
talkativeness
garrulous
too talkative
gaucherie
socially awkward, tactless behavior
germane
relevant pertinent to
gist
the point; general sense
glean
gather facts in small quantities
glib
ready and smooth but not sincere
glimmer
weak, unsteady light
gloat
look at with selfish delight
glut
supply too much; fill to excess
gnaw
waste away; bite steadily
gnomic
characterized by aphorism
goad
smth urging a person to action
gorge
eat greedily; narrow opening with a stream
gossamer
soft light; delicate material
gouge
tool for cutting grooves in wood
grandiloquent
using pompous words
grave
serious; requiring consideration
graze
touch or scrape lightly in passing
gregarious
living in societies; liking the company
grievous
causing grief or pain; serious
grovel
crawl; humble oneself
guile
deceit; cunning
gullible
easily gulled
gush
burst out suddenly; talk ardently
gust
outburst of feeling; sudden rain, wind, fire, etc.
hack
cut roughly; hired horse
halcyon
calm and peaceful
hallow
to make holy; consecrate
harangue
a long passionate speech
harbinger
smth or smb that foretells the coming of
hardihood
resolute; courage and fortitude
harrow
to distress; create stress or torment
haughty
arrogant; conceited
heckle
to harass with questions, challenges or gibes
hector
to bully
heed
attention; give notice to
heinous
odious (of crime)
heresy
belief contrary to what is generally accepted
hermetic
sealed by fusion
heterogeneous
made up of different kinds
hew
make by hard work cut (by striking)
highbrow
(person) with superior tastes
hirsute
hairy; shaggy
hoax
mischievous trick played on smb for a joke
holster
leather case for a pistol
homiletics
act of preaching
hone
stone used for sharpening tools
honorific
conferring or conveying honor
hoodwink
trick; mislead
hospitable
liking; to give hospitality
hubbub
noise; confusion
hubris
arrogant pride
hush
make or become silent
husk
worthless outside part of anything
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
hypocrisy
falsely making oneself appear to be good
iconoclast
person who attacks popular beliefs
idiosyncrasy
personal mannerism
idolatry
excessive admiration of
idyll
a carefree episode or experience
ignoble
dishonorable; common; undignified
ignominious
shameful; dishonorable; undignified; disgraceful
illicit
unlawful; forbidden
imbroglio
complicated and embarrassing situation
immaculate
pure faultless
imminent
likely to come or happen soon
immutable
that cannot be changed
impair
worsen; diminish in value
impassioned
filled with passion or zeal
impassive
unmoved feeling; no sign of passion
impeach
to accuse; to charge with a crime
impecunious
having little or no money
impede
hinder; get in the way of
impending
imminent; being about to happen; expected
imperative
urgent; essential
imperious
commanding; haughty; arrogant
impermeable
that cannot be permeated
impertinent
given to insolent rudeness
imperturbable
calm; not capable of being excited
impervious
not allowing to pass through (of materials)
imperviousness
haughty; arrogant; commanding
impetuous
having sudden energy; impulsive
impiety
lack of reverence or dutifulness
implacable
incapable of being placated; unpleasable
implicate
show that smb has a share
implicit
implied though not plainly expressed
implosion
collapse; bursting inward
importune
beg urgently; solicit (of a prostitute)
imprecation
an invocation of evil; a curse
impromptu
without preparation
impudent
rash indiscreet
impugned
challenged; to be doubted
impunity
exemption from punishment, harm or loss
impute
to attribute; to a cause or source; ascribe
inadvertent
not paying proper attention
inane
silly senseless
inasmuch
since; because
incandescent
white, glowing or luminous with intense heat
incarcerate
to put in prison; to confine
incense
make angry
incessant
often repeated; continual
inchoate
not yet fully formed; rudimentary; elementary
incipient
beginning
incise
engrave; make a cut in
incite
stir up; rouse
incongruous
out of place; not in harmony or agreement
incorrigibility
cannot be cured or corrected
incredulous
skeptical; unwilling to believe
inculcate
fix firmly by repetition
incumbents
official duties
incursion
a raid; a sudden attack
indefatigability
not easily exhaustible; tirelessness
indelible
that cannot be rubbed out
indigence
poverty
indigenous
native
indistinct
not easily heard, seen
indolence
laziness
indomitable
not easily discouraged or subdued
indubitable
too evident to be doubted
indulge
gratify; give way to; satisfy; allow oneself
indulgent
inclined to indulge
ineffable
too great to be described in words
ineluctable
certain; inevitable
inept
unskillful; said or done at the wrong time
ineptitude
quality of being unskillful
inferno
hell
infuriate
fill with fury or rage
infuse
put; pour; fill
ingenuous
naïve; young; artless; frank
ingest
take in by swallowing
ingress
the act of entering; entrance
inimical
harmful or friendly
inimitable
defying imitation; unmatchable
innocuous
causing no harm
inordinate
exceeding reasonable limits
inscrutable
incapable of being discovered or understood
insensible
unconscious; unresponsive; unaffected
insinuate
suggest unpleasantly; make a way for smth gently
insipid
without taste or flavor
insolvent
unable to pay debts; impoverished
insouciant
unconcerned; carefree
insularity
narrow-mindedness; isolated
insuperable
incapable of being surmounted or solved
insurrection
rising of people to open resistance to
inter
to entomb or bury
interdict
prohibit; forbid
interim
as an installment
interloper
to encroach; to intrude
interpose
to come between
interregnum
lapse in a continuous series
intersperse
place here and there
intimate
to announce; to suggest or hint
intractable
not easily managed or controlled; unruly
intransigence
unwillingness to compromise; stubbornness; intractability
intransigent
uncompromising
intrepid
fearless; brave; undaunted
introspection
examining one's own thoughts and feelings
inundate
flood; cover by overflowing
inured
accustomed to adapted
invective
abusive language; curses
inveigh
to attack verbally; denounce; deprecate
inveterate
deep-rooted; long-established
invidious
of an unpleasant or objectionable nature
invincible
too strong to be defeated
involute
complex
irascible
irritable; easily angered
irate
angry
ire
anger
irksome
tiresome
irresolute
hesitating; undecided
irrevocable
final and unalterable
itinerate
to travel from place to place; to peregrinate
jabber
talk excitedly; utter rapidly
jejune
lacking nutritive value; dull; juvenile
jettison
to get rid of as superfluous or encumbering
jibe
gibe; make fun of
jocular
meant as a joke
judicious
sound in judgment; wise
knit
draw together; unite firmly
labyrinthine
to entangle; the state of affairs
lachrymose
causing tears; tearful
lackluster
(of eyes) dull
lament
show, feel great sorrow
lassitude
weariness; tiredness
latent
present but not yet active, developed or visible
laudatory
expressing or giving praise
lavish
giving or producing freely, liberally or generously
legacy
smth handed down from ancestors
levee
formal reception; embankment
levity
lack of seriousness
libel
statement that damages reputation
liberality
free giving; generosity
libertine
immoral person
licentious
lacking legal or moral restraints
lien
legal claim until a debt on it is repaid
limn
paint; portray
limp
lacking strength; walking unevenly
limpid
transparent; absolutely serene and untroubled
lionize
treat as a famous person
listless
characterized by lack of interest, energy or spirit
lithe
bending twisting
loll
rest to sit or stand in a lazy way; hang (dog's tongue)
lope
move along with long strides
loquacious
talkative; garrulous
lucubrate
write in scholarly fashion
luculent
easily understood; lucid; clear
lugubrious
mournful excessively; sad
lull
become quiet or less active
lumber
move in a clumsy, noisy way
luminary
star; light-giving body
lurk
be out of view ready to attack
lustrous
being bright, polished
macabre
gruesome; suggesting death
macerate
make or become soft by soaking in water
machination
plot, scheme (esp. evil)
maelstrom
powerful; violent whirlpool
maladroit
tactless; clumsy
malapropism
misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)
malediction
curse; execration
malefaction
evil deed; crime
maleficent
baleful
malevolence
wishing to do evil
malign
injurious; speak ill of smb; tell lie
malinger
to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty
malleable
yielding easily; moldable; adapting
manacle
chains for the hands or feet
massacre
cruel killing of a large number of people
matriculation
be admitted enter a university as a student
maudlin
sentimental in a silly or tearful way
maul
hurt by rough handling
maverick
rebel; nonconformist
mawkish
sickly or puerilely sentimental
mellifluous
sweetly flowing
mendacity
dishonesty
mendicant
a beggar
mercurial
quick, changeable in character; fleeting
meretricious
attractive on the surface but of little value
mesmerize
hypnotize
meticulous
giving great attention to details
mettle
quality of endurance or courage
mettlesome
courageous; high-spirited
miasma
vaporous exhalation causing disease
middling
fairly good but not very good
minatory
menacing; threatening
mince
pronounce or speak affectedly; euphemize
misanthrope
person who hates mankind
mischievous
harmful; causing mischief
miscreant
heretical; villainous
miser
person who loves wealth and spends little
misogynist
one who hates women, females
missive
letter
moderation
quality of being limited; not extreme
mollify
make calmer or quieter
molt
moult; lose hair, feathers before new growing
monomania
excessive concentration on a single object or idea
morbid
diseased unhealthy (e.g., about ideas)
mordant
biting and caustic; incisive
morose
ill-tempered unsocial
mottle
surface having colored spots or blotches
muffler
cloth worn round the neck; silencer
mulish
unreasonably and inflexibly obstinate
multifarious
varied; motley; greatly diversified
mundane
worldly as opposed to spiritual; commonplace; everyday
munificent
characterized by great liberality or generosity
myriad
very great number
nadir
lowest, weakest point
nascent
coming into existence; emerging
nebulous
cloud-like; hazy; vague
negligent
taking too little care
neophyte
person who has been converted to a belief
nervy
bold or brash; nervous
nexus
a connection, tie or link
nibble
show some inclination to accept (an offer)
noisome
offensive disgusting (smell)
nonchalant
not having interest
nonplused
greatly surprised
nostrum
a quack, remedy; an untested cure
novitiate
period of being a novice; house where novices are trained
noxious
harmful
nugatory
trifling; worthless
obdurate
hardened and unrepenting; stubborn; inflexible
obfuscate
to darken; make obscure; muddle
oblivious
unaware; having no memory
obloquy
abusively detractive language; sharp criticism
obnoxious
odiously or disgustingly objectionable
obsequious
too eager to obey or serve
obstreperous
noisy; loud
obtain
to be established; accepted or customary
obtrusive
projecting; prominent; undesirably noticeable
obtuse
blunt; stupid
obviate
to make unnecessary; get rid of
occluded
blocked up
odious
repulsive; hateful
odium
contempt; dislike; aversion
odor
smell; favor; reputation
offal
waste or by-product of a process; rubbish
officious
too eager or ready to help; offer advice
ominous
threatening
onerous
needing effort; burdensome
opaqueness
dullness; not allowing light to pass through
opprobrious
showing scorn or reproach
orotund
sonorous; bombastic
ossify
to turn to bone; to settle rigidly into an idea
ostensible
seeming; appearing as such; professed
ostentation
display to obtain admiration or envy
ostracism
shut out from society; refuse to meet, talk
overhaul
examine thoroughly; to learn about the condition
overweening
presumptuously arrogant; being a jerk
paean
song of praise or triumph
palate
roof of the mouth; sense of taste
palatial
magnificent
palliate
lessen the severity of
palpability
can be felt, touched, understood
palpitate
tremble; beat rapidly and irregularly
panegyric
formal praise; eulogy
panoply
smth forming a protective covering; impressive array
paradigm
a model; example or pattern
parasol
umbrella used as a sunshade, especially by women
pariah
an outcast; a rejected and despised person
parsimonious
too economical; miserly
partisan
one-sided; committed to a party; biased or prejudiced
pathos
emotion of sympathetic pity
patron
regular customer; person who gives support
paucity
scarcity a lacking of
peccadillo
small sin; small weakness in one's character
pedantic
bookish; showing off learning
pedestrian
commonplace; trite; unremarkable
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable
pellucid
transparent; easy to understand
penchant
strong inclination; a liking
penitent
feeling or showing regret
penurious
poor; stingy
penury
extreme poverty
perambulate
to travel over or through (esp. on foot)
percipient
capable of perception; discerning
peregrination
traveling about; wandering
peremptory
urgent; imperative
perfidious
treacherous; faithless
perfunctory
done as a duty, without care
perilous
dangerous
peripatetic
wandering
perish
be destroyed decay
permeate
spread into every part of
pernicious
harmful; injurious
perpetrate
be guilty; commit (a crime)
perquisite
gratuity or tip
personable
pleasing in appearance; attractive
perspicacity
quick judging and understanding
pertain
belong as a part; have reference
pertinacious
stubbornly unyielding or tenacious
pest
destructive thing or a person who is nuisance
petrified
taken away power (to think, feel, act)
petrify
to make hard, rocklike
petrous
like a rock, hard, stony
petulant
unreasonably impatient
philistine
a smug ignorant person; one who lacks knowledge
phlegmatic
calm sluggish temperament; unemotional
picaresque
involving clever rogues or adventurers
pied
of mixed colors
pinch
be too tight; take between the thumb and finger
pine
waste away through sorrow or illness
pious
dutiful to parents; devoted to religion
piquant
agreeably pungent; stimulating
pique
hurt the pride or self-respect; stir (curiosity)
pitfall
covered hole as a trap; unsuspected danger
pith
essential part; soft liquid substance
pivotal
of great importance (others depend on it)
placate
soothe; pacify; calm
placid
serenely free of interruption or disturbance
plaintive
mournful melancholy; sorrowful
plaque
flat metal on a wall as a memorial
platitude
a trite or banal statement; unoriginality
plea
request
plead
address a court of law as an advocate
plethora
glut
pliant
pliable; easily bent, shaped or twisted
plod
continue doing smth without resting
pluck
pull the feathers off; pick (e.g., flowers)
plumb
get to the root of
plummet
fall; plunge steeply
plunge
move quickly, suddenly and with force
poignant
deeply moving; keen
polemic
aggressive attack on opinions of another; disputant
poncho
large piece of cloth
ponderous
heavy; bulky; dull
portent
omen; marvelous; threatening
posit
to postulate; to suggest
postulate
to claim; to assume as true, existent or necessary
potentate
ruler; one who wields great power or sway
prate
to talk long and idly
prattle
to prate; to utter or make meaningless sounds
precarious
uncertain; risky; dangerous
precepts
rules establishing standards of conduct
precipitous
steep
precis
concise summary
preclude
prevent; make impossible
precursory
preliminary; anticipating
predilection
special liking; mental preference
predominate