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330 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abase
(v) lower, degrade, humiliate
Abash
(v) embarrass
Abate
(v) subside or moderate
Abbreviate
(v) shorten
Abdicate
(v) renounce, give up
Aberrant
(adj) abnormal, deviant
Aberration
(n) abnormality, departure from the norm, mental irregularity or disorder
Abet
(v) assist, usually in doing something wrong
Abeyance
(n) suspended action- held in abeyance
Abhor
(v) detest, hate
Abjure
(v) renounce upon oath, disavow
Ablution
(n) washing- daily ablutions
Abnegation
(n) renunciation, self sacrifice- an act of abnegation to save the kingdom
Abolish
(v) cancel, put to an end
Abominable
(adj) detestable, extremely unpleasant, very bad
Abominate
(v) loathe, hate
Aboriginal
(adj) being the first of its kind in a region, primitive, native
Abortive
(adj) unsuccessful, fruitless
Abrasive
(adj) rubbing away, tending to grind down
Abridge
(v) condense or shorten
Abrogate
(v) abolish
Abscission
(n) removal by cutting of as in surgery, separation
Abscond
(v) depart secretly and hide
Absolute
(adj) complete, totally unlimited, certain
Absolve
(v) pardon (an offense)
Abstain
(v) refrain, withhold from participation
Abstemious
(adj) sparing in eating and drinking: temperate
Abstinence
(n) restraint from eating or drinking
Abstract
(adj) theoretical, not concrete, nonrepresentational
Abstruse
(adj) obscure, profound, difficult to understand
Abstruse
(adj) obscure, profound, difficult to understand
Abusive
(adj) coarsely insulting, physically harmful
Abut
(v) border upon, adjoin
Abysmal
(adj) bottomless
Abyss
(n) enormous chasm, vast bottomless pit
Academic
(adj) related to a school, not practical or directly useful
Accede
(v) agree
accelerate
(v) move faster
accessible
(adj) easy to approach, obtainable
accessory
(n) additional object, useful but not essential thing
acclaim
(v) applaud, annouce with great approval
acclimate
(v)adjust to climate or environment, adapt
acclivity
(n) sharp upslope of a hill
accolade
(n) award of merit
accommodate
(v) oblige or help someone, adjust or bring into harmony, adapt
accomplice
(n)partner in crime
accord
(n)agreement
accost
(v) approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
(v)equip
accretion
(n) growth, increase
accrue
(v) come about by addition
acerbic
(adj) bitter or sour in nature, sharp and cutting
acerbity
(n) bitterness of speech and temper
acetic
(adj) vinegary
acidulous
(adj) slightly sour, sharp, caustic
acknowledge
(v) recognize, admit
acme
(n) peak, pinnacle, highest point
acoustics
(n) science of sound, quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
aquiesce
(v) assent, agree passively
acquittal
(n) deliverance from a change
acrid
(adj)sharp, bitterly pungent
acrimonious
(adj) bitter in words or manner
acrophobia
(n) fear of heights
actuarial
(adj)calculating pertaining to insurance statistics
actuate
(v) motivate
acuity
(n) sharpness
acumen
(n) mental keenness
acute
(adj) quickly perceptive, keen, brief and severe
adage
(n) wise saying, proverb
adamant
(adj)hard inflexible
adapt
(v) alter, modify
addendum
(n) adition, appendix to book
addiction
(n) compulsive habitual need
addle
(v) muddle, drive crazy, become rotten
address
(v) direct a speech to, deal with or discuss
adept
(adj) expert at
adhere
(v) stick fast
adherent
(n) supporter, follower
adjacent
(adj) adjoining, neighboring, close by
adjunct
(n) something (generally nonessential or inferior) added on or attatched
adjuration
(n) solemn urging
adjutant
(n) staff officer assisting the commander, assistant
admonish
(v) warn reprove
adorn
(v) decorate
adroit
(adj) skillful
adulation
(n) flattery admiration
adulterate
(v) make impure by adding or tainted substances
advent
(n) arrival
adventitious
(adj) accidental, causal
adversary
(n) opponent, enemy
daverse
(adj) unfavorable, hostile
adversity
(n) poverty, misfortune
advert
(v) refer(to)
advocacy
(n) support, active pleading on behalf of someone or something
advocate
(v) urge, plead for
aegis
(n) shield, defense
aerie
(n) nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk)
aesthetic
(adj) artistic, dealing with or capaple of appreciating the beautiful
affable
(adj) easily approachable, warmly friendly
affected
(adj) artificial, pretended, assumed in order to impress
affadavit
(n) written statement made under oath
affiliation
(n) joining, associating with
affinity
(n) kinship
affirmation
(n) positive assertion, confirmation, solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
affix
(v) attach or add on, fasten
affliction
n. state of distress, cause of suffering
affluence
n. abundance, wealth
affront
n. insult, offense, intentional act of disrespect
agape
adj openmouthed
agenda
n. items of business at a meeting
agglomeration
n. collection, heap
aggrandize
v. increase or intensify, raise in power wealth, rank or honor
aggregate
v. gather, accumulate
aggressor
n. attacker
aghast
adj. horrified, dumbfounded
agility
n. nimbleness
agitate
v. stir up disturb
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
agog
adj. highly excited, intensely curious
agrarian
adj. pertaining to land or its cultivation
alacricity
n. cheerful promptness, eagerness
alchemy
n. medieval form of speculative thought that aimed to transform base metals into silver or gold and to discover a means of prolonging life
alcove
n. nook, recess
alias
n. an assumed name
alienate
v. make hostile, separate
alimentary
adj. supplying nourishment
alimony
n. payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce
allay
v. calm, pacify
allege
v. state without proof
allegiance
n. loyalty
allegory
n. story in which characters are used as symbols, fable
alleviate
v. relieve
alliteration
n. repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allocate
v. assign
alloy
n. a mixture as of metals
alloy
v. mix, make less pure, lessen or moderate
allude
v. refer indirectly
allure
v. entice, attract
allusion
n. indirect reference
alluvial
adj. pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
aloof
adj. apart, reserved
aloft
adv. upward
altercation
n. noisy quarrel, heated dispute
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous, concerned for others
amalgamate
v. combine, unite in one body
amass
v. collect
amazon
n. female warrior
ambidexterous
adj. capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambience
n. environment, atmosphere
ambiguous
adj. unclear or doubtful in meaning
ambivalence
n. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
amble
n. moving at an easy pace
ambrosia
n. food of the gods
ambulatory
adj. able to walk, not bedridden
ameliorate
v. improve
amendable
adj. readily managed or willing to be led, answerable or accountable legally
amend
v. correct, change generally for the better
amenities
n. convenient features, courtesies
amiable
adj. agreeable, lovable, warmly friendly
amicable
adj. politely friendly, not quarrelsome
amiss
adj. wrong
amity
n. friendship
amnesia
n. loss of memory
amnesty
n. pardon
amoral
adj. nonmoral
amorous
adj. moved by sexual love, loving
amorphous
adj. formless lacking shape or definition
amphibian
adj. able to live both on land and in water
amphitheatre
n. oval building with tiers of seats
ample
adj. abundant
amplify
v. broaden or clarify by expanding, intensify, make stronger
amputate
v. cut off part of body, prune
amok
adv. in a state of rage
anathema
n. solemn curse, someone or something regarded as a curse
ancillary
adj. serving as an aid or accessory, auxiliary
anemia
n. condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles
angular
adj. sharp cornered, stiff in manner
animadversion
n. critical remark
animus
n. hostile feeling or intent
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling
annuity
n. yearly allowance
anodyne
n. drug that relieves pain
antecedents
n. preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
adj. antiquated, extremely ancient
anthropoid
adj. manlike
anthropomorphic
adj. having human form or characteristics
antic
adj. extravagantly odd
aperture
n. opening, hole
apiary
n. place where bees are kept
aplomb
n. poise, assurance
apocalyptic
adj. prophetic, pertaining to revelations
apocryphal
adj. spurious, not authentic, invented rather than true
apogee
n. highest point
apostate
n. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
apothegm
n. pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood, an ideal example of something
appellation
n. name, title
append
v. attach
apposite
adj. appropritae, fitting
apprise
v. inform
approbation
n. approval
appurtenances
n. subordinate possesions. He bought the estate and all its appurtenances
apropos
adj. to the point and timely/prep. with reference to, regarding
aquiline
adj. curved, hooked
arabesque
n. style of decoration involving intertwined plants and abstract curves. ballet position with one leg supporting the weight of the body while hte other leg is extended in the back
arable
adj. fit for growing crops
arbiter
n. person with power to decide a matterin dispute, judge
argot
n. slang
array
v. marshal, draw up in order (array public sentiment against him)/ clothe, adorn
arrears
n. being in debt
arcade
n. covered passageway, usually lined with shops
argot
n. slang
arraign
v. charge in court, indict
arrears
n. being in debt
arroyo
n. gully
artifice
n. deception, trickery
ascendancy
n. controlling influence
asperity
n. sharpness (of temper)
aspersion
n. slanderous remark
assiduous
adj. dilligent
assumption
n. something taken for granted, the taking over or taking possesion of
astigmatism
n. eye defect that prevents proper focus
atavism
n. resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parent, reversion to an earlier type, throwback
attenuate
v. make thinner, weaken or lessen (in density force or degree)
attrition
n. gradual decrease in numbers, reduciton in work forece without firing employees, wearing away of opposition by means of harassment
augury
n. omen, prophecy
aureole
n. sun's corona, halo
auroral
adj. pertaining to the aurora borealis
austere
adj. forbiddingly stern, severely simple and unornamented
autocratic
adj. having abosolute unchecked power, dictatorial
automation
n. mechanilsm that imitates actions of humans
avarice
n. greediness for wealth
aver
v. assent confidently or declare as used in law, state formally as a fact
avocation
n. secondary or minor occupation
avuncular
adj. like an uncle
bacchanalian
adj. drunken
badinage
n. teasing conversation
baleful
adj. threatening, menacing, sinister, foreshadowing evil
bandy
n. discuss lightly or gibly, exchange (words) heatedly
balk
v. stop short as if faced with an obstacle and refuse to continue/ v. foil
barefaced
adj. shameless, bold, unconcealed
barrister
n. counselor-at-law
bate
v. let down, restrain
bauble
n. trinket trifle
beatific
adj. showing or producing joy, blissful
beatify
v. belss or sanctify, proclaim someone dead to be one of the blessed
beatitude
n. blessedness, state of bliss
bedizesn
v. dress with vulgar finery
bedraggled
v. wet thoroughly
beleaguer
v. besiege or attack, harass
belie
v. contradict, give a false impression
bellicose
adj. warlike, pugnacious, naturally inclined to fight
bemused
adj. confsed, lost in thought, preoccupied
benison
n. blessing
beset
v. harass or trouble, hem in
bicameral
adj. two-chambered like a legislative body
bilious
adj. suffering from a liver complaint
blandish
v. cajole coax with flattery
boon
n. blessing, benefit
bowdlerize
v. expurgate,clean remove offensive parts of
brindled
adj. tawny or grayish with streaks or spots
browbeat
v. intimidate, bully
bucolic
adj. rustic, pastoral
bulwark
n. earthwork or other strong defense, person who defends
burgeon
v. grow forth, send out buds
cabal
n. small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cadge
v. beg, mooch, panhandle
calumny
n. malicious misrepresentation, slander
canard
n. false or unfounded story, fabricated report
captious
adj. faultfinding
carapace
n. shell covering the back
carillon
n. set of bells capable of being played
carping
n. petty criticism, fault-finding
castigation
n. punishment, severe criticism
catharsis
n. purgin or cleansing of any passage of body
cavalcade
n. procession, parade
cavil.
v. make frivolous objections
centurion
n. romal army officer
chaff
n. worthless products of an endeavor
chaffing
adj. bantering joking
chary
adj. cautious, sparing restrainted about giving
chimerical
adj. fantastically improbable, highly unrealistic
churlish
adj. boorish, rude
circumlocution
n. unecessarily wordy and indirect speech, evasive language
clarion
adj. shrill trumpetlike sound
coda
n. concluding section of a musical or literary composition-something that rounds out summarizes or concludes.
codicil
n. supplement to the obdy of a will
cogent
adj. convincing
comity
n. courtesy, civility
complicity
involvement in a crime, participation
concatenate
v. link as in a chain
concomitant
n. that wich accompanies
condign
adj. appropriate, deserved
connubial
adj. pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
contumacious
adj. disobedient resisting authority
cordon
n. extended line of men or fortifications to prefent access or egress
coterie
n. group that meets socially, select circle
countermand
v. cancel revoke
cow
v. terrorize, intimidate
crabbed
adj. sour peevish
cupidity
n. greed
curmudgeon
n. churlish, miserly individual
cynosure
object of general attention
deadpan
adj. wooden, impassive
debacle
n. sudden downfall, complete disaster
decollete
adj. having a low-cut neckline
demur
n. objection, protest/ v. object, hesitate
denizen
n. inhabitatn or resident
desuetude
n. state of disuse
diaphanous
adj. sheer, transparent
dilatory
tending to delay, intentionally delaying
disabuse
v. correct a false impression, undecieve
disconsolate
adj. sad
disport
v. amuse
disquisition
n. a formal systematic inquiry, explanation of results of a formal inquiry
dissemble
v. disguise, pretend
dissimulate
v. pretend, conceal by feigning
distrait
adj. inattentive, distracted often by anxiety
godderel
n. poor verse
dormer
n. window projecting from roof
draconian
adj. extremely severe
dross
n. waste matter, worthless impurities
ebullient
adj. showing excitement, overflowing with enthusiasm
effete
adj. lacking vigor worn out, sterile
effluvium
n. noxious smell
egress
n. exit
ellipsis
n. omission of words from a text
elysian
adj. relating ot paradise, blissful
emend
v. correct, usually a text
emetic
n. substance causing vomiting