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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What questions do adverbs answer?
How?
When?
Where?

(the action verb is done)
What questions do the O.C. answer?
What?
Whom?
What is a noun-adjunct?
Nouns that precede and modify O.P.'s and function as adjectives.
What is an indirect object?
A noun or pronoun that indirectly receives the action of the verb. (I.O.)
List the prepositions from 31 to 40.
31. near 39. throughout
32. of 40. to
33. off
34. on
35. over
36. past
37. since
38. through
What is a predicate nominative?
If the LV complement is a noun, it is a PN and it renames the subject.
What do you call action verbs that are not followed by direct objects?
Intransitive
List the pronouns that can serve as O.P.'s.
1. object pronouns
2. indefinite pronouns
3. demonstrative pronouns
4. interrogative pronouns
5. reflexive pronouns
What is the first and most fundamental skill required to understand the structure of a sentence?
The ability to recognize the verb.
What is an A.V.?
An action verb - it expresses the doing of something.
The O.P. answers what 2 questions after the preposition?
What?
Whom?
Can the S (subject) ever be found in a prepositional phrase?
No
What is never a D.O.? (They never follow action verbs)
Nominative pronouns
Why is an action verb called intransitive?
The action cannot be transferred to a receiver.
List the interrogative pronouns.
What?
Which?
How do you abbreviate interrogative pronouns?
Itr Pro
How do you label a preposition?
P
What can function as subjects?
1. nouns
2. nominative pronouns
3. indefinite pronouns
4. interrogative pronouns
List the indefinite pronouns.
any, anyone, anybody; each, everyone, everybody; none, no one, nobody; some, someone, somebody; few, several, many, more most, all; one(s), other(s), another, either, neither both; anything, everything, nothing, something
What is an adjective?
A word that gives information about the noun or pronoun.
What parts of speech can O.C.'s be?
Noun (noun OC)
Adjective (adj. OC)
How do you abbreviate indefinite pronouns?
(Id pro)
Name the auxiliary verbs.
Can, could, shall, should, will, would, has, had, have, be, been, may, must, might, am, are, do, did, does, was, were
List the prepositions from 41 to 49
41. toward 49. without
42. under
43. underneath
44. until
45. up
46. upon
47. with
48. within
List the object pronouns.
to me
to you
to her, him, it, whom
to us
to you
to them
Name the 5 senses linking verbs.
Look
Smell
Taste
Sound
Feel
How do you abbreviate object pronouns?
(Ob Pro)
What does a prepositional phrase begin and end with?
Begins with a preposition (P) and ends with an object of the preposition (OP).
List the first ten prepositions.
1. aboard 9. among
2. above 10. around
3. above
4. across
5. after
6. against
7. along
8. amid
How do you abbreviate demonstrative pronouns?
(d pro)
List the demonstrative pronouns.
this
that
these
those
All forms of the word "be" can be used two ways. What are they?
Linking verbs
Auxiliary verbs
What can function as an indirect object?
1. noun
2. ob pro
3. id pro
4. d pro
5. r pro
Which adverbs answer the questions, how and to what extent?
actually
almost
also
definitely
gradually
only
probably
really
List the prepositions from 21 to 30.
21. by 29. into
22. concerning 30. like
23. down
24. during
25. except
26. for
27. from
28. in
List the reflexive pronouns.
myself
yourself
himself, herself, itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves
How do you abbreviate reflexive pronouns?
(r pro)
Which adverbs answer the question, "when?"
always
eventually
never
now
often
recently
sometimes
soon
Give all the forms of the word "be".
am
are
is
was
were
be
been
being
What can never be used as a subject?
object pronouns
What questions do I.O.'s answer?
to (what?)
for (whom?)
What are the 3 special adjectives labeled "adj 3"?
a
an
the
How do you label an object of a preposition?
OP
What can serve as predicate nominatives?
1. nouns
2. Id pro
3. d pro
4. r pro
5. pronouns
Give an example of a prediate nominative.
N (s) LV N (PN)
John is a loyal friend.
Name the five "GRABS" linking verbs.
Grow
Remain
Appear
Become
Seem
What is the action verb complement that follows the D.O. and renames it?
Object Complement (noun or adj.)
List the prepositions from 11 to 20.
11. at 19. beyond
12. before 20. but
13. behind
14. below
15. beneath
16. beside
17. besides
18. between
How do you abbreviate predicate adjective?
P Adj
Why is an AV complement called transitive?
Because the action of the verb can be transferred to a D.O.
A person or thing that complements the action verb, toward which it is directed.
Direct Object - D.O.
What is a subject?
The particular person, or thing that the sentence is about.
What can come before predicate nominatives?
1. predicate nominatives
2. adjectives
3. adverbs
What is a linking verb complement?
A sentence with a S and a LV will have a complement. This completes the sentence.
Name the nominative pronouns.
I am
You are
She is, He is, Who is,
We are
You are
They are
What is the second most essential skill in grammar?
The ability to identify the verb as linking or action.
What else besides the P and OP might you find in a prepositional phrase?
adjectives
noun adjuncts
noun signals
adverbs
Name the noun signals.
1. adj 3
2. possessive pronouns (Ps Pro)
3. possessive indefinite pronouns (Ps id Pro)
4. singular possessive nouns (S Ps N)
5. plural possessive nouns (P Ps N)
Is a preposition always in a prepositional phrase?
No, sometimes a P can function as an adverb.
Can a prepositional phrase separate the S from the Verb?
Yes
What is it called if the action verb has a complement?
It is transitive.
What are the action verb complements?
1. direct objects
2. indirect objects
3. noun object complements
4. adjective object complements
Can adverbs modify other adverbs?
Yes
Can a P Adj precede a noun?
No, it modifies the subject.
Can a noun signal come before a predicate adjective?
No
What can function as direct objects?
1. nouns
2. object pronouns
3. indefinite pronouns
4. demonstrative pronouns
5. reflexive pronouns
6. interrogative pronouns
What do you ask after the action verb to find the direct object?
Whom?
What?
What do you call adjectives that function as LV complements?
Predicate adjectives