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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The term for a long narrative poem
epic
Where Greek gods were thought to live
Mount Olympus
A prominent Greek historian
Herodotus
These were the opponents in the Battle of Salamis
Persians vs. Greeks
Define despot...
a person who rules with absolute and unlimited power
Of Sparta and Athens, the one that held the military in high regard....
Sparta
The area where Alexander was from....
Macedonia
Who was the son of Philip II?
Alexander
The poet who wrote about the winners at the Olympics....
Pindar
Who wrote the history of the Peloponnesian War?
Thucydides
The opponents in the Peloponnesian War....
Sparta vs. Athens
The peninsula where the Peloponnesian War was fought...
Balkan
Calliope and Clio are these...
muses
This term means the love of wisdom...
philosophy
The writings of this man tell us about the life of Socrates....
Plato
This is the name of the temple built in honor of Athena...
The Parthenon
Alexander proved his power to the Greeks by capturing this city-state...
Thebes
This is where Greeks plays were performed...
amphitheaters
Troy is located in what is now this country....
Turkey
Some believe that the Trojan War was fought over this woman.....
Helen
This god was seen as the rulers of all the other gods and goddesses....
Zeus
These 2 gods were brothers of Zeus...
Poseidon and Hades
This man tried to prove the authenticity of the Trojan War...
Heinrich Schliemann
This was the hero in the Odyssey....
Odysseus
Greece is bordered by these 3 seas....
Mediterranean, Adriatic, Aegean
Between the Greeks and the Trojans, who won the Trojan War, and how long did the war last?
Greeks won; ten years
Provide details about who Homer was....
a possible essay question
What are the details of the Battle of Salamis?
This could be an essay question
The details of the life of Socrates....
...a possible essay question
Describing Greek democracy....
....might be an essay question
Greeks believed these delivered messages from the gods...
oracles
Xerxes was...Greek, Persian, Egyptian...(choose one)
Persian
The Battle of Salamis took place in : a mountain pass, an isthmus, a valley, a bay
a bay
The Hellenspont connected these two seas....
Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara
The capital of Greece today....
Athens
Who wrote of flying snakes and dog-headed men?
Herodotus
Who commanded his people to beat the water with whips because the water did not behave as he wanted?
Xerxes
This is a government that rules by a small group of people...
oligarchy
How long did a Spartan soldier have to live with other soldiers after he married his wife?
ten years
Why didn't Sparta trade with other city-states?
Fear that Spartans would become interested in other places
Spartans used this term for their slaves....
helots
This man led Athens for 30 years....
Pericles
Who could be considered a citizen of Athens?
males born to residents of Athens
This was the league formed by Greek city-states for defensive purposes...
Delian League
Which side did the Persians support in the Peloponnesian War?
Sparta
Between Thucydides and Herodotus, which did not mix in fiction with his historical writing?
Thucydides
Name the horse that Alexander made famous....
Bucephalus
When Alexander destroyed Thebes, whose home did he spare?
Pindar the poet.
Alexander became great even though he died at the age of 32, 42, 47, 52
32
Besides athletics, what else happened in the Greek gymnasiums?
Reading/discussions
Put these philosophers in chronological order:
Plato, Socrates, Aristotle
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
What caused Socractes' death?
executed by drinking poison (hemlock)
Considered the greatest Greek scuptor...
Phidias
What nearby city has examples of Greek columns?
Washington DC