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72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Europe seems to be name for her
Europa
Which of these seas does not border Greece: Aegean, Mediterranean, Baltic, Adriatic
Baltic
The peninsula that Greece occupies
Balkan
Which group populated Greece first, the Minoans, the Mycenaeans, the Macedonians
Minoans
Of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans, which lived in city-states?
Mycenaeans
The city of Troy is located in this present day country
Turkey
The wealthy German businessman who found evidence that the Trojan War was an actual event.
Heinrich Schliemann
The author of the Illiad and the Odessey
Homer
The hero of the Odyssey
Odysseus
Who said of the Greeks, "We live around the sea like frogs around a pond."
Plato
The Greeks expanded whose alphabet to form the basis of all western alphabets
Phoenicians
The Greek word for city
polis
A government ruled by an elite group of landowners
aristocracy
Put these philosophers in chronological order: Plato, Aristotle, Socrates
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
First leader of Persia who attacked the Greeks
Darius
Of Athens and Sparta the city-state that emphasized the military over everything else.
Sparta
Which had a more mountainous terrain...Egypt, Greece, Mesopotamia
Greece
Form of government that is ruled by an elite group of businessmen
oligarchy
About 650BC bronze weapons gave way to weapons made of this stronger, cheaper material
iron
A massive group of well armed infantry
phalanx
What term refers to the southern region of Greece?
Peloponnesia
What became of sickly Spartan infants?
left to die
At what age did Spartan boys begin military training?
seven
Did the Spartans mix well with neighbors or were they isolated from their neighbors?
Isolated
Which other city-state imitated the rigorous and rigid culture of Sparta?
none of them....are you kidding?
Solon was known as a conqueror or a reformer, or a Persian warlord?
reformer
This term today refers to vicious and brutal leaders, but some of these Greek___________were actually fair...what's the term?
tyrant
This man set up the Council of 500 and broadened the role of the ordinary citizen in Greek government
Cleisthenes
Name two groups of Athenians who were denied the right to vote....
women, slaves, children
Is it true that Aristotle believed that women did not have the ability to reason as well as men?
Yessiree
Athenian education was available to boys as well as girls....true or false
false
Name 3 examples of Greek unity
common language, same gods, same ancient heroes, common festivals (Olympics)
Who was considered the most powerful of the Greek gods?
Zeus
How did the Greeks view non-Greeks?
as inferior, as barbarians
Darius was a king of which civilization?
Persian
Herodotus was a....historian, god, philosopher, mathematician
historian
Who was the runner who "invented" the marathon?
Pheidippides
How many miles is the marathon today?
26.2 miles
When the Persians burned Athens, it was empty because the Athenians had gone where?
to the ships they had built
Which side won ultimately won the Persian Wars?
the Greeks
Which Greek city-state emerged from the Persian Wars as the most powerful?
Athens
Pericles was....a brutal Persian general, a minor Greek god, an Egyptian vizier, a wise Athenian leader
a wise Athenian leader
Name the Athenian leader who decided to pay people in government so that even poor people could participate
Pericles
Which Athenian turned Athens into the cultural center of Greece?
Pericles
Who fought who in the Peloponnesian War
Sparta vs Athens
With whom did Sparta ally itself in the Peloponnesian War?
Persia
During which war did Pericles die?
Peloponnesian War
Which side won the Peloponnesian War
Sparta
Which city-state defeated Sparta in the aftermath of the Peloponnesian War?
Thebes
What does the word "philosopher" mean?
lover of wisdom
What term means "the art of skillful speaking"
rhetoric
How do we know so much about Socrates when he did not write anything down?
From Plato's writings
For what was Socrates put on trial?
corrupting Athenian youth
Who was Socrates' most famous student?
Plato
Who was Plato's most famous student?
Aristotle
How were Philip and Alexander related?
father and son
Philip and Alexander were from a region called.....
Macedonia
Who was Aristotle's most famous student?
Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great's empire reached as far east as....
India
What caused Alexander's death?
a fever
The Hellenistic civilization was a blend of four civilizations...name them
Greek, Egyptian, Persian, Indian
What was the most common name for a city in Alexander the Great's empire?
Alexandria
St. Patrick spread Christianity in.....

STARTING HERE, THESE QUESTIONS BELONG WITH CHAPTER 8
Ireland
Which saint spread Christianity in England?
St. Augustine
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