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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Carthaginan leader, invaded Italy
Hannibal
Roman general who conquered Gaul
Julius Caesar
This is what the Romans called France
Gaul
Jew who converted, spread Christianity
Paul
First to rule Rome as an emperor
Augustus
Authored "Aeneid"
Virgil
Ptolemy's theory of the universe
the earth was at the center
German who got rid of the Roman emperor;signaled the "fall" of Rome
Odoacer
Roman upper class....landowner
patrician
Roman commoner, farmer, trader...
plebeian
definition of messiah
savior sent by god
What is a martyr?
person who suffers or dies for his beliefs
Soldiers who fight for whomever pays them the most....
mercenaries
Define Republic....
government where officials are chosen by the people
basic unit of the Roman army
legion
bridge-like structure, made of stone...delivers water
aqueduct
Define "sect"
small religious group
something that goes against the official teachings of the church
heresy
his rule marked the start of the Pax Romana
Augustus
Which emperor divided the Roman Empire into two sections?
Diocletian
What were "tribunes" in the Roman government?
representatives of the commoners
A series of civil wars followed the deaths of these brothers...
Gracchus
Which other civilization influenced Roman art and literature the most?
the Greeks
After whose death did the Pax Romana end?
Marcus Aurelius
Today's name for what was once Constantinople
Istanbul
Invasions of what peoples help contribute to the decline of Rome?
Germanic tribes
What change did the Edict of Milan bring about...
effectively brought an end to the Roman persecution of Christians
When are the "Ides of March"?
March 15
Two men who competed for power after Caesar's death....
Mark Antony and Octavian
Caesar crossed this river to trigger a civil war
Rubicon River
Romans were polytheistic or monotheistic
polytheistic
What was a "latifundia"?
A large, plantation-like estate
Where was Caesar when he was killed?
in the Roman Senate
Name 2 Romans that Cleopatra had married
Caesar and Mark Antony
Which Roman emperor appointed a horse as consul?
Caligula
It had chariot races and gladiator battles....
Circus Maximus
Horace and Virgil were both these kinds of writers...
poets
Of Greek and Roman, which type of architecture was more grand and ornate?
Roman
Which of these did Jesus not teach....Ten Commandments, polytheism, belief in Moses
polytheism
In the early years of Christianinty, were the Romans more tolerant of Jews or Christians?
Jews
When the Roman Empire was divided into 2 parts...which was the wealthier of the two?
Eastern
Which of these was not Germanic invaders of Rome: Goths, Vikings, Visigoths, Huns
Vikings
What was the other name for the Eastern Roman Empire?
Byzantine Empire
Corsica is located in which sea?
Tyrrhenian Sea
These were the people the Romans through off the Italian peninsula when Rome was first getting started....
Eutruscans
Elephants and the Alps....who's this?
Hannibal