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33 Cards in this Set

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A rule, or principle, requiring that congressional districts must have equal population so that one person's vote counts as much as another's vote.
"One Person, One Vote"
The drawing of a legislative district's boundaries in such a way as to maximize the infulence of a certain group or political party.
Gerrymandering
The distribution of House seats among the states on the basis of their respective populations
Apportionment
A standing commitee in the House of Representatives that provides special rules governing how particular bills will be considered and debated by the House. This committee normally proposes time limitations on debate for any bill, which are accepted or modified by the House.
Rules Committee
A permanent committee in Congress that deals with legislation concerning a particular area, such as agriculture or foreign relations.
Standing Committee
A division of a larger committee that deals with a particular part of the committee's policy area. Each of the standing committees in Congress has several
Subcommittee
The Senate tradition of unlimited debate, undertaken for the purpose of preventing action on a bill.
Filibustering
A method of ending debate in the Senate and bringing the matter under consideration to a vote by the entire chamber.
Cloture
A special type of veto power used by the chief executive after the legislature has adjourned. Bills that are not signed by the president die after a specified period of time and must be reintroduced if Congress wishes to reconsider them.
Pocket Veto
The presiding officer in the House of Representatives. He has traditionally been a long-time member of the majority party and is often the most powerful and influential member of the House.
Speaker of the House
The party leader elected by the majority party in the House or in the Senate.
Majority Leader
The party leader elected by the minority lparty in the House or in the Senate.
Minority Leader
A member of Congress who assists the majority or minority leader in the House or in the Senate in managing the party's legislative preferences.
Whip
The head of the executive branch of government. In the U.S the president is the head of the exec branch of fed gov.
Chief Executive
The supreme commander of the military forces of the U.S (President)
Commander in Chief
The president serves as the ceremonial head of the country's government and represents that country to the rest of the world
Chief of State
The role of the President in recognizing and interacting with foreign governments
Chief Diplomat
President informs Congress about the condition of the country and recommends legislative measures.
Chief Legislator
President Heads political party
Political Party Leader
A latin word meaning "I forbid" the refusal by an official, such as the president or a state governor, to sign a bill into a law.
Veto
A federal bureaucratic agency that is not located within a cabinet department.
Independent Executive Agency
A three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preseve policies that benefit their repsective interests.
Iron Triangle
In the context of government employment, someone who reports to authorities gross governmental inefficiency, illegal action, or other wrongdoing.
Whistleblower
The body of law developed from judicial decisions in English and U.S. courts, not attributable to a legislature.
Common Law
The body of law enacted by legislatures (as opposed to constitutional law, administrative law, or case law)
Statutory Law
The branch of law that spells out the duties that individuals in society owe to other persons or to their governments, excluding the duty not to commit crimes.
Civil law
The branch of law that defines and governs actions that constitutes crimes. Generally it has to do with wrongful actions committed against society for which society demands redress.
Criminal Law
The authority of a court to hear and decide a particular case
Jurisdiction
A statement written by a judge or justice who agrees with the court's decision, but for reasons different from those in the majority opinion
Concurring Opinion
A written opinion by a judge or justice who disagrees with the majority leader
Dissenting Opinion
The power of the courts to decide on the constitutionality of legislative enactments and of actions taken by the executive branch.
Judicial Review
An agency of the government that is run as a business enterprise. Such agencies engage in primarily commercial activities, produce revenues, and require greater flexibility than that permitted in most government agencies.
Government Corporation
An advisory group selected by the president to assist with decision making. Traditionally, it has consisted of the heads of the executive departments and other officers whom the presidentmay choose to appoint.
Cabinet