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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Aristotle
~scholar in ancient Greece
~one of first students of government
~studied Polis
John Locke
"Social Contract Theory"
Karl Marx
German thinker and writer, socialist, advocated violent revolution, wrote The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital
features of a State
population, territory, sovereignty, government
ways governments were formed
~evolutionary theory
~force theory
~divine right theory
~social contract theory
Unitary System
gives all key powers to the national or central government
Federal System
divides the powers of governemt between the national government and state or provincial governments
Confederacy
a loose union of independent states
Autocracy
rule by one person
Oligarchy
fule by a few persons
Democracy
rule by many persons
Capitalism
an economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises
Socialism
government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and wages
Communism
the central government directs all major economic decisions
Constitution
a plan that provides the rules for a government
Articles of Confederation
created a weak national government; gave Congress power
Shay's Rebellion
many farmers and small merchants angry and in debt
Thomas Jefferson
wrote Declaration of Independence
James Madison
introduced amendments of the Constitution
popular sovereighnty
rule by the people
3 branches of government
~legislative (Congress)
~Executive (President)
~Judicial (Courts)
executive agreement
made between the president and a head of state
libel
a false written or published statements intended to damage a person's reputation
slander
false speech inteded to damage a person's reputation
poll tax
money paid in order to vote
veto
rejection of a bill
override
Congress "vetoing" a veto from the President
Expressed Powers
directly stated in the Constitution
Implied Powers
powers that the government requires to carry out the expressed Constitutional powers
Inherent Powers
powers that the national government may exercise simply because it's a government
Denied Powers
~slave trade
~Habeas Corpus
~Bills of Attainder
~Direct Taxes
~Tax on Exports
mandate
a formal order given by a higher authority
"full faith and credit"
Constitution states it should be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other states'; each state must recognize the laws and legal proceedings of the other states
bicameral
two-house legislative body
qualifications of House
~25
~American citizen for 7 years
~legal resident of that state
qualifications of Senate
~30
~American citizen for 9 years
~legal resident of that state
congressional leaders
Speaker of the House, House floor leaders
Standing Committee
a permanent committee in Congress that oversees bills that deal with certain kinds of issues
Subcommittee
a group within a standing committee that specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility
Select Committee
a temporary committee formed to study one specific issue and report its findings to the Senate and House
Joint Committee
a committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings back to the House and Senate
Conference Committee
a temporary joint committee set up when the House and the Senate have passed different versions of the same bill
gerrymander
to draw a discrict's obundaries to gain an advantage in elections