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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Loss of consciousness from interruption of breath as in sufocation or drowning
breathing pauses due to immature central nervous system
muscle condition where the muscles are stiff
muscle condition where the muscles are loose
using appliances or non speech systems to enhance a child's natural communication skills
augmentative communication system
medical conditions that threaten to compromise a child's health, particularly perinatlly and are predictive of later delays
biological/medical risks
a non progressive neauromuscular condition affectin muscle tone, movement, relfexes, and posture
cerebral palsy
an interactive process that enables teams of people with diverse expertise to generate creative solutions to mutually defined problems
age adjusted to reflect premature delivery
corrected gestational age
delayed progress experienced in infants and toddlers in one or more developmental areas: communication, physical development, adaptive behavior (feeding, dressing, toileting, etc.), cogniotion and social/emotional development
developmental delay
inflammation of the brain/problems of the brain
a condition of recurrent seizures
coded output message emitted by a child or adult
expressive language
delay in physical and neurological growth in infancy and early childhood due to organic or environmental causes
failure to thrive
approaches families as complex organizations in which internal and external variables affect all members
family systems model
serious birth defects caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol
fetal alcohol syndrome
a condition in which there is an excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain, causing the head to increase in size beyond two standard deviations above the mean on the standard growth chart
high muscle tone that limits joint movement
low muscle ton that allows excessive joint movement
an intervention plan developed by a team for a child (ages 3-21) with a disability; includes a report of current performance, annual goals, instructional objectives, special education and related services, and an evaluation proposal
IEP: Individualized Education Program
an intervention plan devleoped by a team for an infant or toddler (birth-3) with a diability and fo the child's family; includes idetification of strengths and needs, a statement of expected outcomes, intervetion and support services, and evaluation proposals for the child and the family
IFSP: indiviualized family service plan
to participate in the same activites as non-disabled peers
current federal legislation regarding the education of children with disabilitys, provides for afree, appropriate education for all children with disabilities age 3-21 and encourages services to infants and toddlers wiht diabilites or at-risk for developmental delay
IDEA: individuals with diabilities education act
the combination of expertise from several disciplines for evaluating, planning, and implementing intervention; a group whose members perform related tasks INDEPENDENTLY but interact collaboratively to meet goals
interdisciplinary team
the most appropriate setting in which a child with a diability can be with typical peers to the greatest extent possible and still meet individual needs
least restrictive environment
very small head and brain; head circumfrence that falls at least two standard deviations below the man on a standard growth chart for age
a group of professionals from several different disciplines who work independently but meet to exchange information and to present goals and progress reports
disorders in the development, closure, and formation of the neaural groove, the verebral column (which houses the spinal cord) or other soft tissue structures surounding the nerves
neural tube defects
a condition in which both the spinal cord and its covering, the meninges, push through a spinal defect to the surface
compared to statisically determined age levels for developmental milestones
the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they are out of sight
object permanence
relating to the period just before or just afer birth
occurring after birth, with reference to the newborn
preceeding birth
lying on the tummy
understanding of a message sent by another individual
receptive language
collapse of alveoli in the lungs due to lack of surfactant producation in premature infants
respirtaroy distress syndrome
specially designed instruction that includes adaptations that are significalty different from modifcations normall made for typical students and are necessary to offset or reduce the adverse effects of the child's diability
speical education
a group whose members share roles and combine assessment and treatment tasks so that they may be carried out by one professional
transdiciplinary model
lack of oxygen
arena assessment
type of transdisicplinary assess in which one person interacts with the child while other team memebers observe, record observations and score on identifcal or different tests
loss of ability to speak or understand language--due to brain injury or disease
assisstive technology
any item, peice of equpiment, or product system whether acquired commerically or off the shelf, modifeif or customized tha tis used to increase maintina or imporve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.
cognitive deelopment
development of hte ablity to think and reason
cystic fibrosis
an autosomal recessive genetic condition, which causes the body to produce excessovly thick, sticky musuc that clogs the lungs and pancreas, impairing breathing and digestion
developmentally appropriate practice
instruction whih is appropriate for hte age of the child and is implemented with attentio to the different needs and developmental levels of those individual students
down syndrome
slowed growth, abnormal facial features and mental retardation. caused by an extra copy of ll or part of chromosome 21. trisomy 21 most common chromosomal disorder
fragile x
more common inherited cause of mental impairment. genetic disorder cused by a mutation of FMR1 gene ont he x chromosome, a mutation fround in 1 our ot every 2000 males and 1 out of every 4000 females.
free and appropriate public education.
mental retardation
imparied or incomplete mental development characterized by an IQ of 70 or belwo and characterized by significant funtional limitations in at least two of the following skills: communicaation, self-care, home living, social interpersonal skills, use of community resources, self direction, funtional academic sklils, work leiure, health and safety.
muscular dystrophy
genetic disorder of the muscles. causes the muscles in the body to become very weak. muscles break down and are replaced with fatty deposits over time
oppositional defiant disorder
disruptive behavior disorder characterized by a recurrent pattern of defiant, hostile, disobedient, and negativitisc behavior direct toward those in authority including such action as defyin the request or rules of adults, deliberaltye annoying others, aruguing. etc.
impairment in the development of social sklils. children with PDD have limited ativiteis and interests that are frequently stereotyped and repeititve. they may also have delays in developing intellectual skills, comprehension of and using language, posture and movement
respite care
service that provides a break for parents who have a child with a serious emotional disturbance. trained parents, counselors or nurse take care of the child for a brief period of time to give fmailies relieft from the string of caring fort the child
rhett's syndrome
an x-linked disorder marked by progressive neaurological deterioration, seizures and cognitive impairment
risk factor
anything that increases a person's change og getting a disease such as cancer.
shaken baby syndrome
injuries, particularly to the head, caused by violently shaking a child. most commong cause of infant death
traumatic brain injury
devastating condidtin characterized by changes that occur when a particular area of the brain is struck, penetrated or pierced.