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27 Cards in this Set

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African Americans
Were slaves

Most fought for British during war.
Paul Revere
Silversmith who warned the colonists of the soon to arrive British. (Battle of Lexington and Concord)
Dr. Benjamin Rush
Leader in Philadelphia

Proposed idea (which was passed) that all the children of slaves should be freed; women at 21 and men at 28
Battle of Lexington and Concord
British were coming to get artillery from Concord.
Small group of colonists protested on the Lexington Green(armed).
Someone fired and was the 1st Battle of the Revolution.
Colonists used guerilla-style tactics.
What groups were excluded from the phrase in the declaration "all men are created equal"
Women-were considered inferior

African Americans-were slaves

Native Americans-were considered savages
Battle of Saratoga
Turning Point in the Revolutionary War:

British decided to change strategy of trying to separate New England from the other colonies

Convinced French to support the Colonists/Americans
Benjamin Franklin
Philadelphia printer and supporter of the Revolutionary War

Was sent to England with the olive branch petition
Battle of Yorktown
Last battle of the Revolutionary War.

Large group of British were captured.
Committees of Correspondence
Groups across colonies who wrote letters and other things against britain's actions
Boston Massacre
One man was taunting a solider.
Several more joined in on the taunting and snowball and rock throwing.
A few soliders came to defend orginal solider.
Someone fired and 5 colonists were killed.
Thomas Paine
London writer who moved to philadelphia when he was 37(bad life in England)

Came with a letter from Ben Franklin (For acknowledgement)

Wrote Common Sense
Boston Tea Party
A protest to the tea act (in order to save the failing east india tea company, parliment put a tax on tea and reqired colonists only to buy their tea).
The sons of liberty dressed up as native americans and dumped 342 chests of tea in the harbor
Thomas Jefferson
Virginia Plantation Owner.

Was a member of the House of Burgess

Was a delegate at the 2nd Continental Congress

Wrote the Declaration. (With much help from John Locke)
Stamp Act
Tax on all paper goods.(letters, newspapers)

There was a seal to show that the tax had been paid.

First internal tax
External Taxes
Taxes on goods coming into the colonies.
Most Colonists were against this mercantilist idea.
John Locke
Enlightenment Thinker whose ideas were greatly used in the Declaration. Wrote "Two Treastie of Government"

In the 2nd Treastie, said that all people had a right to natural rights (life liberty etc.). Governments were instituted to protect people's natural rights and if the were not, it was the peopel's duty to overthrow the government.
Spanish Missions
Spanish set up missions to convert Native Americans to Christianity, then made them work.
Why were colonists so mad at being taxed?
Because they had never been taxed before.(During the English Civil War, little attention was paid to the colonists:BENIGN NEGLECT)
Common Sense
Pamphlet which stated that the colonists deserved freedom from england and should rebel without attemp to compromise.
Says America will become important if suceeds

Written by Thomas Paine
Conquistadors
Spanish explorers who then conquered the lands they had explored.
Sons of Liberty
Groups who protested british acts
Internal Taxes
Taxes on goods from within the colonies
No Taxation without Representation
Idea thatthe colonists/ones being taxed should have a say in the making of these taxes
Why was George Washington chosen to be the leader of the Continental Army?
1: He was a good solider during the French and Indian War.

2: He was Virginian which would show that all the colonies were in favor of independence, not just Mass.
Proclamation of 1763
Did not allow the colonists to expand westward past the Appalacian Mountains.
Lord Dunmore
Went around telling slaves they would win their freedom if they fought for the british.
State Constitutions
During the Revolutionary War all the colonies developed state constitutions.

Virginia used their current set-up but added a bill of rights.
Was considered a conservative state constitution.

Pennsylvania was considered to have a liberal constitution.
The only had one legislative house(unicameral) and no governor.

Massachusetts had a very liberal state constitution.
They had the constitution ratified by the people, not those who were going to be the legislative body.