Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/51

Click to flip

51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nomad
people who moved from place to place.
Cultural Diffusion
exchange of ideas, customs, and goods.
Neolithic
change of way of life
Technology
tools & skills used to meet basic needs.
Civilization
developed along river valleys;include cities, government, etc.
Polytheistic
belief in many gods.
Pharoah
egyptian ruler.
Fertile Crescent
a crescent shaped area of good farmland.
Cuneiform
wedge-shaped writing.
Empire
groups of states/territories governed by one ruler.
Middle Kingdom
The Chinese thought that their culture was the center of the earth.
Dynasty
ruling family.
Mandate of Heaven
divine right to rule
Feudalism
Local lords controlled their own regions but owed the lord military service.
Qin
had the "1st emperor"; had a centralized service.
Han Dynasty
founded by Gao Zu; lasted about 400 yrs.
Maurya Dynasty
ruled over the 1st united Indian Empire.
Bureaucracy
a system of managing government throught departments ran by appointed officials.
Asoka
ruled by moral instead of violence.
Polis
Another term for city-state
Aristocracy
a government ruled by landholding elite.
Direct democracy
male citizens took part of the activities of the government.
Hellenistic
culture that blended Greek, Persian Egyptian & Indian culture.
Republic
form of government where officials are chosen by the people.
Senate
most powerful government body.
Patrician
the landholding upper class
Plebeian
farmers,merchants,artisians & traders.
Pax Romana
time in Rome of peace and stability.
Laws of the Twelve Tables
written laws on 12 tablets.
Aqueduct
bridgelike structures that carry water from hills to cities.
Silk road
trade route that linked China as far as mesopotamia.
Wudi
Han emperor who conducted military campaigns to secure & expand Chinas border.
Monopoly
complete control of a product/buisness by 1 person or group.
Augustus
Ruled the Roman Empire & stabalized the government.
Animism
The belief that every living and non-living thing in nature has a spirit.
Brahman
One unifying spirit.
Reincarnation
the rebirth of the soul in a new body.
Karma
all the deeds of a persons life that affect his or her existance in the next life.
dharma
the moral & religious duties that are expected of an idividual.
Upanishads
philosophical dialogues about Hindu beliefs.
Buddha
the Enlightened one.
Nirvana
union with the universe and release from the cycle of death and rebirth.
Monotheistic
belief in one god.
Torah
sacred scriptures of the Hebrews.
Messiah
savior sent by God.
Bible
the sacred text of Christianity.
Hijra
Muhammands journey that was a turning point for Islam.
Quran
sacred scriptures of Islam
Sharia
body of laws from Muslim Scholars.
missionaries
people dedicated to spreading a religion.
diaspora
scattering of people.