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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
def. of psychology
the systematic study of the human and animal behavior and mental processes
origins of psychology
pavlov- laboratory tradition
freud- clinical tradition
ways of knowing
Tradtion
Authority
Logic/ scientific methods
Personal experience
Supernatural
research methods
Case study
Correlation
Survey/ questionarre
Scientific method
Longitudinal
Laboritory
naturalistic observation
natural experiment
Family kinship
case study
in depth study of one person
correlation
patterns/ things working together
longitudinal
long experiment ie: life study
Laboratory
experiments including experimental and control groups
naturalistic observation
observing in a natural setting
natural experimant
experimant that can not be caused to happen ie:tornado
Family and kinship
studies genogrmas to study personality charicteristics, intellegence, and chances of mental illnesses
Scientific method
observational info. leads to theory, which leads to hypothesis
confunding variable
variable that comes into play unplanned
self fullfilling prophecy
expectations elicit behavios in others that confirm those expectations
placebo effect
"if a person thinks that a medicine will work , there body will react in a posotive way
double blind study
person being studied doesnt realize they are being studied
Ethics in research
protected from harm
confidentiality
minimal deception
debriefing
debriefing
explanation of any deception used during experience
Structuralism psychologist
Wilhelm Wundt (emergence of psychology)
functionalism psychologist
WIlliam james
John dewey
Behaviorism psychologists
john watson
BF skinner
posotive reinforcement
giving individual something desirable in excange for certain beavior
negative reinforcement
someting unpleasant happens in excange for certain beavior
extinction of behavior
happens when posotive and negative enforcement is not given on a regular schedule
social learning theory
babies learn by how they are conditioned by observation
cognition
psychological term for thinking
stimulus --> cognition --> responce
Functionlism
studies not only contence but functions of mind
Psychoanalytic/ psychodynamic psycologists
sigmund frued
Psychoanalytic/ psycodynamic
believes that all behavior is regulated by unconciuos forces
Ice berg theory
created by freud. All things truly significant in psycodynamic theory lies below concious awareness.
parts of personality (to freud)
ID, EGO, and SUPER EGO
ID
present with birth, behavior is based on self gratification
EGO
develops with growth, sense of "I am" based on reality
super EGO
"concience" development of a sence of rigt and wrong taught by culture and enviornment
concience
everything we are aware of at any given time
preconcious
thoughts, facts and memories tat can easily be brought to te concious level
unconsous
thoughts and feeling that are extremely hard to brng to awareness.
anxiety defence mechanisms
moral, neurotic, reality
moral anxiety defence mechanism
concern that behavior and standards aren't matching
neurotic ADM
worry about things that shouldn't be worried about
reality ADM
normal anxiety based on reality
Defense mechanisms
Denial
Displacement
Rationalization
reaction formation
projection
compensation
sublimation