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32 Cards in this Set

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Inflammation of the Stomach and intestines with an associated sudden onset of vomiting, diarrhea, or both
acute gasstroenteritis
an inflammatory condition of the liver associated with the sudden onset of malaise, weakness, anorexia, intermittent nausea and vomiting, and dull right upper quadrant pain usually followed within 1 week by the onset of jaundice, dark urine, or both charcterized by jaundice
acute hepatiatis
an acute inflammation of the appendix
appendicitis
an occlusion of the interstinal lumen that results in blockage of normal flow of intestinal contents
bowel obstruction
inflammation of the gallbladder, most often associated with the presence of gallstones
cholesystitis
inflammation of the stomach and intestines that accompanies numerous gastrointestional disorders
chronic gastroenteritis
a chronic , inflammatory bowel disease of unknown origin, usually affecting the ileum, the colon, or both structures
Crohn's disease
inflammation of one or more diverticula
diverticulitis
the presence of pouchlike herniations throughout the muscular layer of the colon
diverticulosis
it comples of longitudinal tortuous veins at the lower end of the esophogus that become large and swollen as a result of portal hypertension
esophagogastric varices
swollen, distended viens (internal,external or both)in the rectoanal area
Hemorrhoids
an unconscious rigid contraction of the abdominal muscles, a sign of peritoneal inflammation
involuntary guarding
inflammation of the pancreas which causes servere epigastric pain
pancreatitis
illness that results from a complex pathological interaction among the acidic gastric juice and proteolytic enzymes and the mucosal barrier
peptic ulcer disease
a sign of peritoneal inflammation in which pain is caused by the sudden release of fingertip pressure on the abdomen
rebound tenderness
visceral pain felt at a site distant from its origin
referred pain
pain that arises from skeletal muscles ligaments, vessels, or joints
somatic pain
an inflammatory condition of the large intestine characterized by severe diarrhea and ulceration of the mucosa of the intestine
ulcerative colitis
deep pain that arises from smooth vasculature or organ systems
visceral pain
major organs commonly associated with the gastrointestinal system
esophagus, stomach, small & large intestines, liverr, gallbladder and pancreas
most common treatment for abdominal pain occurs.
at the hospital
inflammatory condition of the large intestine
colitis
may result in bright red rectal bleeding if perforation occurs
Diverticulosis
To insert a nasogastric tube, position the patient
Sitting straight up with neck flexed
Hepatitis B is most commonly spread through:
Blood or serum secretions
You would expect bleeding from ruptured esophageal varices to be:
Bright red and copious
The most serious type of hernia is a (an):
Strangulated hernia
Crohn disease most commonly affects:
Adults younger than 30
The pain associated with peptic ulcers is often described as:
Burning
Melena is a term used to describe
Black, tarry stool
. A patient with abdominal peritoneal irritation may choose to lie on her:
Side, with legs flexed and pulled in
. You might suspect a patient has cholecystitis if he or she has pain in the:
Right upper quadrant