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42 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
HOW IS VISCERAL PAIN DESCRIBED?
AS A DULL, POORLY LOCALIZED PAIN THAT ORIGINATES IN THE WALLS OF THE HOLLOW ORGANS
WHAT IS PERITONITIS?
INFLAMMATION IF THE PERITONEUM, WHICH LINES THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY.
HOW IS SOMATIC PAIN DESCRIBED?
SHARP, LOCALIZED PAIN THAT ORIGINATES IN WALLS OF THE BODY SUCH AS SKELETAL MUSCLES.
WHAT IS REFFERED PAIN?
PAIN THAT ORIGINATES IN A REGION OTHER THAN WHERE IT IS FELT.
WHAT IS CULLENS SIGN?
ECCHYMOSIS IN THE PERIUMBILICAL AREA. IT IS A SIGN OF FLUID LOSS IN THE ABDOMEN.
WHAT IS GREY TURNERS SIGN?
ECCYMOSIS ON THE FLANK. A SIGN OF FLUID LOSS IN THE ABDOMEN.
WHAT IS THE HIGHEST PRIORITY WHEN TREATING A PATIENT WITH ABDOMINAL PAIN?
TO SECURE AND MAINTAIN HIS AIRWAY, BREATHING AND CIRCULATION.
TRUE OR FALSE
PERSISTENT ABDOMINAL PAIN LASTING LONGER THAN 6 HOURS ALWAYS REQUIRES TRANSPORT.
TRUE
WHAT IS UPPER GI BLEEDING?
BLEEDING WITHIN THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT PROXIMAL TO THE LIGAMENT OF TREITZ.
WHAT IS THE LIGAMENT OF TREITZ?
LIGAMENT THAT SUPPORTS HTE DUODENOJEJUNAL JUNCTION.
UPPER GI BLEEDS ACCOUNT FOR HOW MANY HOSPITALIZATIONS PER YEAR?
300,000
WHAT IS MALLORY-WEISS TEAR?
ESOPHAGEAL LACERATION, USUALLY SECONDARY TO VOMITING.
WHAT IS HEMATEMISIS?
BLODDY VOMITUS
WHAT IS MELENA?
DARK TARRY FOUL SMELLING STOOL INDICATING THE PRESENCE OF PARTIALLY DIGESTED BLOOD.
WHAT IS SENGSTAKEN-BLAKEMORE TUBE?
THREE LUMEN TUBE USED IN TREATING ESOPHAGEAL BLEEDING.
WHAT IS ESOPHAGEAL VARIX?
SWOLLEN VEIN OF THE ESOPHAGUS.
WHAT IS THE MORTALITY RATE WITH A VARIX RUPTURE?
OVER 35%
WHAT IS ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS?
SUDDEN ONSET OF INFLAMMATION OF THE STOMACH AND INTESTINES.
WHAT IS HEMATOCHEZIA?
BRIGHT RED BLOOD IN THE STOOL
WHAT IS CHRONIC GASTROENTERITIS?
NONACUTE INFLAMMATION OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL MUCOSA.
WHAT IS HELICOBACTER PYLORI?
THE MOST PREVALENT PATHOGEN IN THE US. ASSOCIATED WITH GASTRIC AND DUODENAL ULCERS.
WHAT IS A PEPTIC ULCER?
EROSION CAUSED BY GASTRIC ACID.
WHAT IS ZOLLINGER-ELLISON SYNDROME?
CONDITION THAT CAUSES THE STOMACH TO SECRETE EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS OF HYDROCHLORIC ACID AND PEPSIN.
WHAT IS LOWER GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING?
BLEEDING IN THE GASTROINSTINAL TRACT DISTAL TO THE LIGAMENT IF TREITZ
WHAT IS PANCOLITIS?
ULCERATIVE COLITIS SPREAD THOUGHOUT THE ENTIRE COLON.
WHAT IS PROCTISIS?
ULCERATIVE COLITIS LIMITED TO THE RECTUM.
WHAT IS COLIC?
ACUTE PAIN ASSOCIATED WITH CRAMPING OR SPASMA IN THE ABDOMINAL ORGANS.
WHAT IS CHRONS DISEASE?
IDIOPATHIC INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISORDER ASSOCIATED WITH THE SMALL INTESTINE.
WHAT IS DIVERTICULITIS?
INFLAMMATION OF DIVERTICULA
WHAT IS DIVERTICULOSIS?
PRESENCE OF DIVERTICULA, WITH OR WITHOUT ASSOCIATED BLEEDING
WHAT IS DIVERTICULA
SMALL OUTPOUCHINGS IN THE MUCOSAL LINING OF THE INTESTINAL TRACT.
WHAT IS A HEMORRHOID?
SMALL MASS OF SWOLLEN VEINS IN THE ANUS OR RECTUM.
WHAT IS A BOWEL OBSTRUCTION?
BLOCKAGE OF THE HOLLOW SPACE WITHIN THE INTESTINES.
WHAT IS A HERNIA?
PROTRUSION OF AN ORGAN THROUGH ITS PROTECTIVE SHEATH
WHAT IS INTUSSUSCEPTION?
CONDITION THAT OCCURS WHEN PART OF AN INTESTINE SLIPS INTO THE PART JUST DISTAL TO ITSELF.
WHAT IS A VOLVULUS?
TWISTING OF THE INTESTINE IN ITSELF
WHAT IS AN ADHESION?
UNION OF NORMALLY SEPARATE TISSUE SURFACES BY A FIBROUS BAND OF NEW TISSUE.
WHAT IS INFARCTION?
AREA OF DEAD TISSUE CAUSED BY LACK OF BLOOD.
WHAT IS APPENDICITIS?
INFLAMMATION OF THE VERMIFORM APPENDIX AT THE JUNCTURE OF THE LARGE AND SMALL INTESTINES.
WHAT IS McBURNEYS POINT?
COMMON SITE OF PAIN FROM APPENDICITIS, 1 TO 2 INCHES ABOVE THE ANTERIOR ILIAC CREST IN A DIRECT LINE WITH THE UMBILICUS.
WHAT IS MURPHYS SIGN?
PAIN CAUSED WHEN AN INFLAMMED GALLBLADDER IS PALPATED BY PRESSING UNDER THE RIGHT COSTAL MARGIN.
WHAT IS ACUTE PANCREATITIS MOST OFTEN DUE TO?
ALCOHOL ABUSE OR GALLSTONES.