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55 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
When was the Marine Corps created?
10 November 1775
Where was the Marine Corps created and by who?
-Tun Tavern, Philadelphia, PA
-Continental Congress
Who was the first commander of the two battalions of marines, and is considered the first Commandant of the Marine Coprs?
Captain Samuel Nicholas
What year did the Marines come under the Department of the Navy?
When did the first Marine Landing take place?
Where was the first Marine landing?
New Providence Island in the Bahamas
Where did the name "leatherneck" originate?
the stiff leather stock, worn around the neck during the first Marine landing
What happened in 1805?
-Stormed the Barbary pirates
-Stronghold at Burma on the "shores of Tripoli"
When did the Marines raise the "Stars and Stripes" for the first time in the Eastern Hempisphere?
What happened in 1947?
-Durring the Mexican War, occupied the "Halls of Montezuma" during the Battle of Chapultepec in Mexico City
Who commanded the US Army at Harper's Ferry?
Robert E. Lee
Marines stormed the US asrsenal at Harper's Ferry to put down an attempted slave revolt by who?
abolishinist John Brown
When did the Marine Corps adopt the EGA?
Who adopted the Marine Corps emblem?
Brigadier General Jacob Zelin
7th Commandant
(motified British Royal Marine emblem)
What does the globe and anchor signify?
worldwide service and sea traditions
What is the spread eagle a symbol of?
The Nation
When was the official motto of the Marine Corps adopted?
What does "Semper Fidelis" mean?
Always Faithful
What happened in 1900?
Marines from the Asiatic station defeneded the American Legation in Peking, China during the Boxer Rebellion
When was the first Marine Corps aviation unit established?
Who was the first Marine pilot?
Major Alfred A. Cunningham
What happened in 1917?
-Marines landed as part of American force in France
-participated in 8 distinct operations
-awarded French Fourragere
Who still wears the French Fourragere?
5th and 6th Marines
What happened in 1965?
Marines landed in South Vietnam
What was the longest war in history?
What happened on 23 October 1983?
-deployed to Lebanon
-suicide truck bomb attack on the headquarters building
-killed 241 Americans, wounded 70 others
When did the last Marine unit withdraw from Lebanon?
July 1984
What happened in January 1991?
Operation Desert Storm
The Battle of Belleu Wood
Marines fought on of their greatest battles in history at Belleau Wood, France during World War 1.
What did the French rename the area where the Marines fought at Belleau Wood?
"the Wood of the Brigade of Marines"
What did German intelligence evaluate the Marines as?
-storm troopers
-Teufelhunden or Devil dogs
What happened on 7 August 1942?
-The Battle of Guadalcanal
-1st US land offensice of World War II
What battle marked the first combat test of the new amphibious doctrine and also provided a crutial turning pointof the war?
The Battle of Guadalcanal
What was the prime objective during the Battle of Tarawa?
-Tarawa Atoll adn Betio Island
-The Gilbert Islands were the fist in the line of advance for the offensive in the Central Pacific
What did the Japanese commander proclaim at the Battle of Tarawa?
-It would take a million Americans 100 years to conquer it
-20 November 1943, it took 76 hours
Who lead a combined invasion force and Marines and Soldiers that totaled over 136,000?
-Lieutenant General Holland M. Smith
-Battle of Mariana Islands
-greatest # of troops to operate in the field under Marine command
What happened on 19 February 1945?
-Battle of Iwo Jima
-23,300 casualties
What did Admiral Chester W. Nimitz say?
"Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue"
What happened at the Battle of Chosin Reservior?
-pushed into North Korea
-November 1950
-smashed 7 of 10 enemy divisions in the march from Chosin Reservior
-brought out all operable equipment, properly evacuated wounded and dead, while maintaining tactical intergrity
What happened in January 1968?
-during the Vietnamese holiday of Tet, the Battle of Hue City, South Vietnam
-house to house fighting measured in yards
-secured city on 25 February 1968
Who is Archibal Henderson?
-became Commandant in 1820, held command for 39 years until his death in 1859
-"Grand Old Man of the Marine Corps"
-Brevet Brigadier General
Who was John Quick?
-Sergeant Major Quick
-performance at Cuzco Well (GTMO Bay, Cuba)
-seize an advanced base for the Atlantic Fleet Batallion of Marines
-Medal of Honor for an emergency lift of the naval bombardment while under Spanish and American shellfire
Who was Dan Daly?
-Sergeant Major Daly
-2 Medals of Honor
1st-Chinese Boxer Rebellion
2nd-First Caco War in Haiti
What did Dan Daly say to his men during the Battle of Belleau Wood?
"Come on, you sons of a bitch, do you want to live forever?"
-was a Gunnery Sgt at the time
Who was Lois B. "Chesty" Puller?
-Lieutenant General Puller
-served in Nicaragua through several periods of political unrest
-known as "Tiger of the Mountains" (1930)
Marine Corps' mascot, and English Bulldog named "Chesty"
Who was Gregory R. "Pappy" Boyington?
-Marine prowess in aerial dogfights during World War II
-top ranking flying ace, 28 victories (kills)
-commanded VHM-214 "Black Sheep"
Who was Ira H. Hayes?
-Pima Indian
-Marine immortalized in the now famous photo taken on the second flag raising incident on Mount Suribachi shortly after the Japanese stronghold was taken on 23 Feb 1945.
-Iwo Jima
Who was Opha Mae Johnson?
-First Marine Coprs enlisted woman, 13 Aug 1918
-World War I
-skirt Marines and Marinettes
Who was Margaret A. Brewer?
-Brigadier General Brewer
-When a Colonel, served as the director of Women Marines during 1973-1977
-1st woman general officer on 11 May 1978
What do you say when passing an officer who is going the same direction as you?
"By your leave, sir (ma'am)
When do you NOT salute?
-work indoors (except when under arms)
-under battle conditions
-prisoner or guarding prisoner
-in ranks, at games, or part of a working detail
-blouse or coat unbuttoned
-with a smoking device in your hand
When passing uncased colors when do you salute?
6 pace distance
When od you render honors while boarding and departing a ship?
-between 0800 and sunset
During what times do you not turn aft and do not salute the Ensign?
-between sunset and 0800
Who boards a small boat or ship first?
Inverse order of rank, junior goes first, others follow according to rank