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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
State the 3 Objectives of first aid.
SAVE LIFE
PREVENT FURTHER INJURY
PREVENT INFECTION
State the methods of controlling bleeding.
DIRECT PRESSURE
ELEVATION
PRESSURE POINTS
TOURNIQUET (LAST RESORT)
Identify an example of a pressure point
11 Principal Points on each side of the Body:
JAW
TEMPLE
COLLAR BONE
NECK
INNER UPPER ARM
INNER ELBOW
WRIST
UPPER THIGH
GROIN
KNEE
ANKLE
Describe the symptoms and treatment for shock.
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE VACANT OR LACKLUSTER EYES, SHALLOW OR IRREGULAR BREATHING, COLD, PALE SKIN, NAUSEA, AND WEAK OR ABSENT PULSE.
TREATMENT: LAY VICTIM DOWN WITH THE FEET ELEVATED 6-12 INCHES.
COVER THEM TO MAINTAIN BODY HEAT.
CALM VICTIM, IF CONSCIOUS.
DESCRIBE THE 3 CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS.
1ST DEGREE: MILDEST, PRODUCING REDNESS, INCREASED WARMTH, TENDERNESS AND MILD PAIN.
2ND DEGREE: RED AND BLISTERED SKIN; SEVERE PAIN.
3RD DEGREE: DESTROYED TISSUE, SKIN AND BONE IN SEVERE CASES.
SEVERE PAIN MAY BE ABSENT DUE TO NERVE ENDINGS BEING DESTROYED.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION.
A SERIOUS DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN, HEART AND LUNGS.
SYMPTOMS: SKIN IS COOL, MOIST, AND CLAMMY.
PUPILS DILATED AND NORMAL OR SUBNORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE.
TREATMENT:
MOVE VICTIM TO A COOL OR AIR CONDITIONED AREA; LOOSEN CLOTHING; APPLY COOL WET CLOTHS TO THE HEAD, GROIN, AND ANKLES; FAN THE VICTIM; DO NOT ALLOW THE VICTIM TO BECOME CHILLED.
CONSCIOUS VICTIM: GIVE 1 TSP OF SALT IN COOL WATER AND TRANSPORT TO MED FACILITY.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT FOR HEAT STROKE.
SERIOUS CONDITION CAUSED BY A BREAKDOWN OF THE SWEATING MECHANISM OF THE BODY.
VICTIM IS UNABLE TO ELIMINATE EXCESSIVE BODY HEAT BUILD UP.
SYMPTOMS:
INCLUDE HOT AND OR DRY SKIN, UNEVEN PUPIL DILATION, WEAK, RAPID PULSE.
TREATMENT:
REDUCE THE HEAT IMMEDIATELY BY DOUSING THE BODY WITH COLD WATER. APPLY WET, COLD TOWELS TO THE BODY AND MOVE THE VICTIM TO THE COOLEST PLACE.
MAINTAIN AN OPEN AIRWAY.
PLACE VICTIM ON HIS BACK WITH SHOULDERS RAISED SLIGHTLY.
PLACE COLD PACKS OR TOWELS AROUND THE VICTIM'S SHOULDERS AND NECK.
PLACE ADDITIONAL COLD PACKS ON THE ANKLES AND GROIN AREA.
USE FAN IF AVAILABLE AND A COLD BATH IS HELPFUL.
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN "OPEN" AND "CLOSED" FRACTURE.
CLOSED OR SIMPLE FRACTURE, BONE IS BROKEN BUT NO BROKEN SKIN.
OPEN OR COMPOUND FRACTURE,
OPEN WOUND IN THE TISSUE OR SKIN AND BONE MAY OPEN THRU THE SKIN.
Applied to Electrical shock:
Personnel Rescue
YOU MUST NOT TOUCH THE VICTIM'S BODY, WIRE, OR ANY OTHER OBJECT THAT MAY BE CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY.
IF UNABLE TO FIND SWITCH, REMOVE THE WIRE FROM VICTIM WITH A DRY BROOM, HANDLE, BRANCH, POLE, NON-CONDUCTING OBJECT. COULD ALSO USE A DRY ROPE OR CLOTHING TO PULL THE WIRE AWAY.
Describe the methods for clearing an obstructed airway.
1st clear the mouth of any food particles.
Stand behind victim and wrap arms around victims waist.
Grasp your wrist and place thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen, above the navel and just below the rib cage.
Give 4 or 5 quick upward thrusts to the victim.
State the 3 Objectives of first aid.
SAVE LIFE
PREVENT FURTHER INJURY
PREVENT INFECTION
State the methods of controlling bleeding.
DIRECT PRESSURE
ELEVATION
PRESSURE POINTS
TOURNIQUET (LAST RESORT)
Identify an example of a pressure point
11 Principal Points on each side of the Body:
JAW
TEMPLE
COLLAR BONE
NECK
INNER UPPER ARM
INNER ELBOW
WRIST
UPPER THIGH
GROIN
KNEE
ANKLE
Describe the symptoms and treatment for shock.
SYMPTOMS INCLUDE VACANT OR LACKLUSTER EYES, SHALLOW OR IRREGULAR BREATHING, COLD, PALE SKIN, NAUSEA, AND WEAK OR ABSENT PULSE.
TREATMENT: LAY VICTIM DOWN WITH THE FEET ELEVATED 6-12 INCHES.
COVER THEM TO MAINTAIN BODY HEAT.
CALM VICTIM, IF CONSCIOUS.
DESCRIBE THE 3 CLASSIFICATIONS OF BURNS.
1ST DEGREE: MILDEST, PRODUCING REDNESS, INCREASED WARMTH, TENDERNESS AND MILD PAIN.
2ND DEGREE: RED AND BLISTERED SKIN; SEVERE PAIN.
3RD DEGREE: DESTROYED TISSUE, SKIN AND BONE IN SEVERE CASES.
SEVERE PAIN MAY BE ABSENT DUE TO NERVE ENDINGS BEING DESTROYED.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION.
A SERIOUS DISTURBANCE OF BLOOD FLOW TO THE BRAIN, HEART AND LUNGS.
SYMPTOMS: SKIN IS COOL, MOIST, AND CLAMMY.
PUPILS DILATED AND NORMAL OR SUBNORMAL BODY TEMPERATURE.
TREATMENT:
MOVE VICTIM TO A COOL OR AIR CONDITIONED AREA; LOOSEN CLOTHING; APPLY COOL WET CLOTHS TO THE HEAD, GROIN, AND ANKLES; FAN THE VICTIM; DO NOT ALLOW THE VICTIM TO BECOME CHILLED.
CONSCIOUS VICTIM: GIVE 1 TSP OF SALT IN COOL WATER AND TRANSPORT TO MED FACILITY.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT FOR HEAT STROKE.
SERIOUS CONDITION CAUSED BY A BREAKDOWN OF THE SWEATING MECHANISM OF THE BODY.
VICTIM IS UNABLE TO ELIMINATE EXCESSIVE BODY HEAT BUILD UP.
SYMPTOMS:
INCLUDE HOT AND OR DRY SKIN, UNEVEN PUPIL DILATION, WEAK, RAPID PULSE.
TREATMENT:
REDUCE THE HEAT IMMEDIATELY BY DOUSING THE BODY WITH COLD WATER. APPLY WET, COLD TOWELS TO THE BODY AND MOVE THE VICTIM TO THE COOLEST PLACE.
MAINTAIN AN OPEN AIRWAY.
PLACE VICTIM ON HIS BACK WITH SHOULDERS RAISED SLIGHTLY.
PLACE COLD PACKS OR TOWELS AROUND THE VICTIM'S SHOULDERS AND NECK.
PLACE ADDITIONAL COLD PACKS ON THE ANKLES AND GROIN AREA.
USE FAN IF AVAILABLE AND A COLD BATH IS HELPFUL.
STATE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN "OPEN" AND "CLOSED" FRACTURE.
CLOSED OR SIMPLE FRACTURE, BONE IS BROKEN BUT NO BROKEN SKIN.
OPEN OR COMPOUND FRACTURE,
OPEN WOUND IN THE TISSUE OR SKIN AND BONE MAY OPEN THRU THE SKIN.
Applied to Electrical shock:
Personnel Rescue
YOU MUST NOT TOUCH THE VICTIM'S BODY, WIRE, OR ANY OTHER OBJECT THAT MAY BE CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY.
IF UNABLE TO FIND SWITCH, REMOVE THE WIRE FROM VICTIM WITH A DRY BROOM, HANDLE, BRANCH, POLE, NON-CONDUCTING OBJECT. COULD ALSO USE A DRY ROPE OR CLOTHING TO PULL THE WIRE AWAY.
Describe the methods for clearing an obstructed airway.
1st clear the mouth of any food particles.
Stand behind victim and wrap arms around victims waist.
Grasp your wrist and place thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen, above the navel and just below the rib cage.
Give 4 or 5 quick upward thrusts to the victim.
Describe the effects of Hypothermia.
A Gen. cooling of the entire body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temps, cold moisture, snow or ice.
Victim will look Pale, and unconscious, and may be mistaken as being dead.
Breathing is slow and shallow, pulse faint or even undetectable.
Arms and legs may feel stiff.
First aid consists to bring entire body to normal temp.
Wrap patient in warm blankets in a warm room.
Only give hot drinks when conscious.
Seek Medical attn immediately.
Describe the effects of Superficial Frostbite.
Ice crystals forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temp. of 32 degrees or lower.
Describe the effects of Deep Frostbite.
Ice crystals forming in the upper skin layers after exposure to a temp. of 32 degrees or lower.
Treatment:
Get Victim Indoors.
Rewarm the area by placing them in warm water or with hot water bottles.
Place them under the armpits, against the abdomen, or between the legs.
NEVER RUB THE FROSTBITE AREA. SEEK MED IMMEDIATELY.