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75 Cards in this Set

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Types of fruits that bear plants and flowers

a. gymnosperms
b. angiosperms
a. angiosperms
The part of a branch on which the flower forms
receptacle
leaf-like structures that surround and protect the flower before it blooms
sepals
the colorful part of a flower that attracts insects and even other small animals
petals
The petals of __________ rely on wind or water for pollination
non-brightly colored flowers
female reproductive structures
carpels
carpels fuse together to form the _____
pistil
where the pollen attaches in a flower
stigma
long tube that attaches the stigma to the ovary
style
eggs
ovules
stores the ovules
ovary
male reproductive structure
stamen
produces pollen
anther
supports the anther
filament
carried by insects / other animals to the pistil of a flower where it may fertilize the eggs
pollen
occurs when the pollen follow the same plan, although they come in many different colors and styles
sexual reproduction
when the pollen from an anther fertilizes the eggs on the same flower
self-fertilization
when the pollen is transferes to the stigma of an entirely different plant
cross-pollination
develops into a fruit
ovary
develops into a seed
ovules
any structure that encloses and protects a seed
fruit
name the 3 parts of a pistil
1.style
2.ovary
3.ovules
name the 2 parts of the stamen
1.anther
2.filament
make new xylem and phloem
cambium
carry H2O
phloem
delivers food
xylem
holds a plant in place
tap root
dig in deep for h2o
root caps
entrance to stomates
guard cells
convert CO2 and h2o into glucose
chloroplasts
outer layer of skin, nervous tissue, sense organs
ectoderm
lining of digestive tract, digestive and respiratory system
endoderm
skeleton, muscles. exretory system
mesoderm
the body plan of an animal, how its parts are arranged
body symmetry
no pattern
asymmetry
shaped like a wheel
radial symmetry
has a right and left side
bilateral symmetry
an anterior concentration of sense organs
cephalization
toward the head
anterior
toward the tail
posterior
back side
dorsal
belly side
ventral
body cavity where many organs are housed
coelom
specialization of tissue
segmentation
neurons
nerve cells that send impulses
one opening
Gastrovascular cavity
two openings
digestive tract
taking in oxygen, releasing co2
respiration
aquatic animals have _____
gills
terrestrial animals have _____
lungs
how oxygen and nutrients are transported throughout the body
circulation
blood goes into the body
open circulatory system
blood stays out away from the rest of the body
closed circulatory system
coordinates the activities of the human body
nervous system
network of neurons, very little coordination
nerve net
cluster of neurons
ganglion
sensory structures and neurons located at the anterior end, complex coordination and behavior
brain
the removal of wastes from the body
excretion
can release wastes in simple aquatic animals
diffusion
removes waste w/o loss of water in terrestrial animals
excretory system
how the body maintains its shape
support
water pressure
hydrostatic skeleton
outside skeleton
exoskeleton
inside skeleton
indoskeleton
process by which organisms make more of their own kind
reproduction
reproduction only needs one parent
asexual reproduction
fragmentation and growth
regeneration
growth of a clone and release
budding
individual develops from unfertilized eggs
parthenogenesis
animals that produce both eggs and sperm
hermaphrodite
sperm is released into water where it fertilizes eggs in water
external fertilization
sperm and egg join within the body of the female
internal fertilization
the cells of all animals except spnges are organized into structural and functional units called _______
tissues
the zygote undergoes cell divisions froming a hollow ball of cells called a ________
blastula
A __________ tree shows how animals are related through evoplution
phylogenic