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10 Cards in this Set

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a means used by the ego to defend aginst anxiety and to maintain self-esteem
ego defense mechanisms
Oral - mouth is primary source of pleasure

Anal - ability to be toilet trained

Phallic - they can get pleasure from touching genitals

Latency - sex instinct is repressed

Genital - sexual energy shifts to opposite sex
Psychosexual stages of development
Carl Jung -
-personal unconscious - contains all thoughts, perceptions, experiences accessible to conscious and repressed memories, wishes, and impulses

-collective unconscious - most inaccessible layer of unconscious, which contains univeral experiences of humankind throughout evolution

-archetype - in collective unconscious, inherited tendency to respond to universal situations in particular ways

Alfred Adler -
- emphasized unity of personality rather than id, ego, superego
- drive to overcome feelings of inferiority acquired in childhoon motivates most of our behavior

Karern Horney-
- neurotic personality - feminine psychology
- women's failures = to reach idealized vision of themselves
- must learn to overcome irrational beliefs about being perfect
Neo-Freudians
mutual influential relationship among behavior, cognitive factors, and environment
Albert Bandura's reciprocal determinism
- how people account for what happens in their life
- control of behavior in their hands

- or in the hands of fate, luck or chance
Rotter's locus of control
- natural tendency towards growth and the realization of their fullest potential
- more optimistic then Freud's theory, more sensitive to emotionl experiences, dificult to test scientifically
Humanism
1. Extroversion - sociable, talkative, assertive
2. Neuroticism - emotional instablility, organized, moody
3. Conscientious - dependable, organized, reliable
4. Agreeable - pleasant person, warm-hearted
5. Openness to experience - imaginative, broad minded
BIG 5 FACTOR
- Individualistic - emphasis on individual

- Collectivist - personal interst in terms of group members
Effect of culture on personality
- Observation
- used by behaviorists
- record tendency of behaviors

-Interviews
- diagnosis of treatment in patients

-Rating Scale
- record data from interviews or observations
3 categories of personlity assessment
-MMPI = identify tendencies toward various types of psychiatric disorders

-CPI = personality test for normal people for ages 13 & up

-MBTI = personality inventory to measure normal individual differences

most widely used = MMPI

most commonly used projective test = Rorshach Inkblot Method
3 types of interviews