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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a state of complete, physical, mental, and social well being.
health
any activity intended to improve health.
healthcare
an institutionalized system for the scientific diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of illness.
medicine
an estimate of the average lifetime of people born in a specific year.
life expectancy
the number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1000 live births in a given year
infant mortality rate
the study of the causes and distribution of health, disease, and impairment throughout a population
social epidemiology
illnesses that are long term or lifelong and that develop gradually or are present from birth.
chronic diseas
illnesses that strike suddenly and cause dramatic incapacitation and sometimes death.
acute diseases
any substance-other than food and water-that, when taken into the body, alters its function in some way.
drug
compaines that provide, for a set monthly fee, total care with an emphasis on prevention to avoid costly treatment later.
health maintence organizations (HMOs)
any system of cost containment that closely monitors and controls health care providers' decisions about medical procedures, diagnostic tests, and other services that shouold be provided to patients.
managed care
a health care system in which all citizens receive medical services paid for by tax revenues.
universal health care system
a health care system in which the government owns the medical care facilities and emplys the physicians.
socialized medicine
an approach to health care that focuses on prevention of illness and disease and is aimed at treating the whole person-body and mind-rather than just the part or parts in which the symptons occur
holistic medicine
the set of patterned expectations that defines the norms and values appropriate for individuals who are sick and for those who interact with them.
sick role
local physicians, local hospitals, and global health related industries such as insurance companies and pharmaceutical and medical supply companies that deliver health care today.
medical-industrial complex
the process whereby nonmedical problems become defined and treated as illnesses or disorders
medicalization
the process whereby a problem ceases to be defined as an illness or a disorder
demedicalization
a reduced ability to perform tasks one would normally do at a given stage of life and that may result in stigmatization or discrimination against the person with disabilities
disability