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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Foreshadowing:
hints at what is to come
Cacophony:
use of harsh, discordant sounds for poetic effect
Rhythm:
the beat
Persona:

pretending to be something in order to write about it
Allusion:
reference to mythology, religion, history, popular culture (comparison)
Hyperbole:
deliberate exaggeration
Imagery:
creating word pictures by using words that appeal to the senses
Pun:
a word with two meanings
Euphemism:
calling an unpleasant fact by a pleasant name
Metaphor:

a comparison, stating that one object is something else
Consonance:
repeating the same consonant sound
Understatement:
a statement covering less than the truth or fact
Rhyme:
repeating the same stressed syllable
Pejorative/dysphemism:
using an unpleasant expression
Antithesis:
placing contrasting statements side by side (using parallel structure)
Metonymy:
naming a thing by one of its attributes
Alliteration
consecutive words, each starting with the same sound
Onomatopoeia:
the sound of a word suits its meaning - sound effects
Malapropism:
using a big word incorrectly
Symbolism:

something concrete that represents an idea
Synecdoche:
a part is substituted for the whole
Irony:

discrepancy in what is and what is expected
Oxymoron:
contradictory ideas used to express one meaning
Repetition:

to say a sound, word, or lines over and over again
Euphony:
pleasant sounding
Paradox:
a seeming contradiction
Transferred epithet:
misplaced adjective (for poetic effect)
Personification:
giving life to inanimate objects
Rhetorical Question:
asking a question in such a way that the answer, being obvious, is not needed
Apostrophe:
addressing directly an inanimate object as if it were alive, or an absent person as if
he/she were present
Poetic license:
having the right to change science, history, and the rules of language
Assonance:

repetition of vowel sounds (not consonant sounds) in a line