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79 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
External Nares
sensing chemicals dissolved in air
eye lids
protect the eye and help clean the eye
mammary papillae
provide milk for newborn young
scrotal sacs
maintains the temperature of the testes at a slighter lower temperature
umbilical cord
carries nutrient and oxygen-rich blood to the fetus and removes metabolic waste products
vibrasse
for tactile sensations
sclera
protects the eye from damage
pupil
regulates the amount of light that enters the eye
optic nerve
send information from the eye to the brain
nicitating membrane
protects and cleans the eye
retina
contains the photoreceptive cells
iris
regulates the amount of light that enters the eye
lens
focus images on the retina
vitreous humor
provides support and cushioning for the lens and internal structures of the eye
papillae
help to manipulate food in the pigs mouth
epiglottis
prevents food from entering the larynx and trachea when swallowing
esophagus
transports food to stomach
stomach
produces hcl acid that aids in the chemical breakdown of food
pancreas
produces digestive enzymes and delivers them through pancreatic duct to duodenum
caecum
contains anaerobic bacteria responsible for fermentation of cellulose and other plant materials
illeum
continues process of nutrient absorption and reabsorption of water
gall bladder
stores bile for breakdown of fats
mesentery
suspends body organs in the abdominal cavity and holds them together
common bile duct
carries the bile into the duodenum
liver
produces bile, converts glucose to glycogen for storage, detoxifies many constituents of the absorbed digested compunds
spleen
recycles old red blood cells, stores them, and releases them into the circulatory system
duodenum
recieves chyme from the stomach along with secretory ezymes from the gall bladder and pancreas
jejunum
responsible for majority of nutrient absorption and reabsorption of water
colon
responsible for reabsorption of water and electrolytes; produces feces
rectum
final site of water reabsoprtion and feces production
pyloris
opens to allow chyme to enter the duodenum and regulates drainage of the stomach
peritoneum
encloses and protects organs
mesenteric veins
pumps blood from small intestines
pulmonary arch
carry deoxygenated blood from right ventricle to lungs
aortic arch
brings oxygenated blood to the upper body
cranial vena cava
return deoxygenated blood from cranial area to heart
caudal vena cava
return deoxygenated blood from caudal area to heart
right ventricle
pumps blood out into an artery
left ventricle
pumps blood out into an artery
dorsal aorta
carries oxygenated blood from left ventricle to caudal area
right atrium
recieves blood
left atrium
recieves blood
right subclavian artery
supplies blood to right arm and shoulder
left subclavian artery
supplies blood to left arm and shoulder
renal arteries
supplies kidneys with blood
left and right carotid artery
supply blood to brain
brachiocephalic artery
supplies upper body with blood
internal jugular veins
drains blood from brain
external jugular veins
drains blood from scalp and face
trachea
air transported through
lungs
oxygen exchanged for carbon dioxide
larynx
contains vocal cords
hepatic portal vein
carries blood from stomach, small intestines, and spleen to liver
renal vein
carry blood from away from kidneys
coronary artery
supplies freshly oxygenated blood to heart
umbilical artery
carries oxygen right blood from fetus to placenta
umbilical vein
carries oxygen poor blood from placenta to fetus
adrenal gland
produces hormones which mediate responses to stressful situations and control blood pressure and carbohydrate and protein metabolisms
thyroid
produces thyroxin and calcitonin
thymus
produces thymosin
diaphragm
ventilates lungs(contracts to draw air in)
kidney
creates urine; maintains homeostatic balance of slats, fluids and ions
penis
deposits semen; carries excretory wastes
epididymus
stores and transports mature sperm
oviduct
tube through which the egg is carried
uterus
place where embryonic development occurs
vagina
female reproductive canal
bladder
holds urine
testes
produces sperm and hormones
urethra
transports urine from kidney to bladder
cerebrum
integrates movements of skeletal muscles and controls coordination and balance
spinal cord
extension of central nervous system; "information highway" messages run up and down
pinna
the opening which funnels sound; directs sound into ears
cornea
outer covering of the eye
esophagus
connects mouth to stomach
heart
circulate the blood
pericardial membrane
protects the heart
external iliac artery
delivers oxygenated blood to legs
diaphragm
seperates the thoracic and abdominal cavities; ventilate the lungs