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51 Cards in this Set

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adnexa uteri
fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments.
amnion
Innermost membrane around the devloping embryo.
arelo
Dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple
Bartholin glands
Small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice,
cervix
Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
chorion
Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo, it is part of the placenta.
clitoris
Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
coitus
sexual intercourse; copulation.
corpus leuteum
Emply graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after release of the egg cell
cul-de-sac
Region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo
Stage in prenatal development from implantation of the fertilized ovum until the second month of pregnancy.
endometrium
Inner mucous membrane lining the uterus.
estrogen
Hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for promoting female secondary sex characteristics.
fallopian Tube
One of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus.
fertilization
Union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops.
fetus
Embryo from the eighth week after fertilization until birth.
Fimbriae
Finger-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
gamete
Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum.
genitalia
Reproductive organs; also called Genitals.
Gestation
Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth; pregnancy.
gonad
Organ in the male (testis) and female (ovary) that produces gametes.
graafian follicle
Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary.
Gynecology
Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG)
Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
Hymen
Mucous membrance partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice.
Labia
Lips of the vagina; Labia Majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips.
Lactiferous ducts
Tubes that carry milk within the breast.
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
mammary papilla
Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection.
menarche
Beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
Menopause
Gradual ending of menstruation.
Menstruation
Monthly shedding of the uterine lining
Menses (lating, mens, month) is the normal flow of blood and tissue that occurs during menstruation.
Myometrium
Muscle layer lining the uterus.
Neonatology
Branch of medicine that concentates on the care of the newborn (neonate.)
Obstetrics
Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth.
orifice
An opening
Ovary
One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of a walnut, and produce eggs cells (ova) and hormones.
Ovulation
Release of the ovum from the ovary.
Ovum ( plural: ova)
Egg cell; female gamete.
Parturition
Act of giving birth
Perineum
In females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
pituitary gland
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormone to stimulate the ovaries.
Placenta
Vascular organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall. It is a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams.
Pregnancy
Growth and developmental process in a woman from fertlization through embryonic and fetal periods to birth; gestation
Progesterone
Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women.
Puberty
Period of life when the ability to reproduce begins; secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced.
Uterine serosa
OUtermost layer surrounding the uterus.
Uterus
Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo develops and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the FUNDUS. The middle portion is the CORPUS and the lower, neck portion is the CERVIX
Vagina
Tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
Vulva
External genitalia of the female; includes the labis, hymen, and clitoris.