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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
negentropy
A concept from systems theory which describes the emergence of a system's organizational patterns which leads to knowledge about the system.
network therapy
a clinical method, developed by Ross Speck and Carolyn Attneave, in which resources throughout and external to the family system are recruited and involved in the family therapy process to assist the family in working on the problem.
object relations
an early psychodynamic theory which described the internalized images of one's self and others that are based on early parent-child interactions.
open systems
a term from general systems theory that refers to systems which are continuously open to the exchange of information from it's environment.
ordinal position
a concept that defines the relative birth order position of each family member within one's sibling sub-system.
organization
the relationship among the components of a system which are both necessary and sufficient for defining the nature and identity of the system.
overfunctioning/underfunctioning positions
these concepts from family of origin therapy describe reciprocal roles within a family system.
paradox
a clinical intervention where the family therapist offers a message to the family which is both internally inconsistent and contraditory.
parentification
a family system dynamic where a child is assigned a caretaking role for one or both parents, and often for the siblings, too.
perturbation
a clinical intervention in which the family therapist acts upon the system to produce a structural change or accommodation.
positive connotation
a clinical intervention to reframe family behaviors so that they maintain a balance or cohesion within the system
postmodern thinking
a theoretical movement that emerged in the family therapy field in the 1970's and 1980's.
pragmatics
a complement to aesthetics, pragmatics refers to a reductionistic stance in which the focus in family therapy is on resolving the presenting problem while generally ignoring the larger gestalt in which the prsenting problem exists.
prescribing the symptom
a clinical intervention that takes the form of paradox and double bind.
projective identification
a concept from psychodynamic theory which defines a defensive mechanism in individuals.
pseudo-hostility
a family dynamic used as a defense for the system where hostiltity and conflict camouflage underlying dysfunctional elements.
pseudo-mutuality
an early clinical concept that described a family's presentation to the family therapst as an outward picture of intimacy and harmony which served to camouflage underlying conflicts and dysfunctions.
power
a concept that defines a family member's ablity to influence or control circumstances and events.
process
a concept from family systems theory which describes the repetitions, redundancies, and predictabilities of a family system that appear clinically in a sequence of actions and interactions among family members.
punctuation
the family systems dynamic by which members perceive and mark distinctions in their interactions with one another.
quid pro quo
a contract between two individuals in which each gives to the other a certian favor or recognition and receives in turn a similar favor of relatively equal value.
reciprocity
a concept from family systems theory that describes interactions between family members where the behavior of one person "dovetails" or "fits" together with that of another in a complementary fashion.
reciprocal structural coupling
a concept from systems theory which describes the organizational closure that is attained by a system when circularity is achieved.
reflecting team
a clinical intervention in family therapy that is employed both as a training method and a consultation method.
reframing
a clinical intervention which challenges a family's perception of a symptom or conflict both by relabeling it and altering the context in which it is perceived.
relabeling
a clinical intervention where symptoms are restated or redefined in interpersonal terms instead of with the focus of a symptom on an individual member.
restructuring
a clinical intervention from Structural Family Therapy which describes interventions that are directed toward challenging and altering the family system's structure.
roles
a concept from family therapy that describes images and/or positions with characteristic behaviors that are assigned to specific members to perform certain functions within a family system.
rubber fence
a concept used as a metaphor to describe an unstable but continuous family boundary which many stretch to include supportive and positive influences and then may contract to exclude that which is perceived by the family as threatening.
runaway
a concept from systems theory describing a system which responds to positive feedback in such a way that dysfunctions and errors are reinforced and escalated, causing the system to be moved further "off-track."
scapegoating
a family system dynamic that describes the process by which a family designates a member to carry and act out the stress and dysfunction for other members or subsystems of the family.
sculpting
a clinical intervention, adapted by Peggy Papp from psychodrama, in which a family member is asked to depict a view of the emotional closeness or distance among the members of a family system.