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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The predominant type of primary backing is
woven polypropylene olefin
Which of the following is not commonly used as a secondary backing?
a. polyester
b. foam rubber cushions
c. glass fibers
d. olefin fibers
a. polyester
The fractional distance between adjacent needles is the
the force rquired to pull one loop of pile tuft from a floor covering is which type of testing
tuft bind
Which of the following statements is correct with regard to total weight
a. Decreasing the total weight of a floor covering should provide increased floor performance
b. Increasing the total weight of a floor covering should provide increased floor performance
b. Increasing the total weight fo a floor covering should provide increase floor performance.
average density
Considers pile height and average pile weight to indicate the true density of floor covering structures
budnle penetration
Adhesive penetration of the pile yarns in tufted constructions
Separation of attached layers in a textile structure
density factor
Product resulting from the multiplication of yarn size, needle count, and stitches per inch.
effective face yarn weight
Weight of the pile yarns in the wear layer of a textile floor covering, not in the backing.
face yarns
Yarns in the pile portion of a fabric or floor coverings.
Fractional distance between needles on tufting machines.
needle count
Number of needles per crosswise inch on tufting machines
pile yarn weight
The weight of the yarns used in the wear layer and those portions of the pile yarns that extend into the backing layer
primary backing
Base fabric into which pile yarns are tufted
Soft floor coverings available in widths of 9, 12, and 15 feet lengths
Flat woven fabric with low fabric count; used as backing in tufted floor coverings
total weight
Includes the weight of the pile yarns as well as the weight of the backing yarns, backing fabrics, and backcoatings
tufts per square inch
Indicates pile construction density
weight density
Product of the average pile weight in ounces per squre yard and the average density of soft floor coverings
Which one of the following cannot be rolled crosswise?
a. velvet
b. Wilton
c. chenille
d. Axminster
e. Ingrain
d. Axminster
Because the hand-knotting used to produce authentic Oriental rugs is labor-and time-intensive, these floor coverings are comparatively expensive. Recognizing that many residential and commercial consumers place the aesthetic features of these features of these rugs as high priority selection criteria, producers use an industrial weave operation to manufacture Oriental rugs at a lower cost. Which operation are producers using?
Axminster weaving
As a percentage of the total square yardage of floor coverings produced, the fusion bonding technique is showing some growth. The costs of the adhesive and equipment used have been limiting factors. Which one of the following has been a positive factor?
can readily create a loop pile or cut pile surface texture without tufting or weaving.
The construction of a velvet carpet is most similar to the construction of which one of the following?
a. Wilton
b. Axminster
c. fusion bonding
d. chenille
e. tuftin
Which one of the following requires a Jacquard loom?
Used in Axminster weaving; formed by linking three or four 3-foot spools that carry the pile yarns.
Diagonal interlacing of three yarns
Name used earlier for loop pile carpet woven on a Jacquard loom
chenille carpet
Soft floor covering woven with chenille yarns as the pile yarns
Embedding extremely short fibers into an adhesive or resin compound.
Denotes the number of colors in a Wilton carpet
fusion bonding
fabrication technique in which pile yarns are embedded into a vinyl compound coating a base fabric
Flat, yarn-dyed, reversible structure that began to replace the braided and hand-woven rugs.
Number of pile tufts per 27 inches of width in a woven floor covering
Periodically substituting a colored pile yarn for a basic pile yarn in Wilton carpet weaving
print design
Graphic representation of color positions in textile structures
They are linked end-to-end to form a bracket; used in Axminster carpet weaving.
stuffer yarns
Extra warp yarns running in a plane in the back of woven floor coverings
velvet carpet weaving
Weaving floor coverings using an over-the-wire-construction technique; pile may be conventional or woven-through-the-back.
Carpet woven on a Jacquard loom; distinguished by having buried pile yarns.
to the trade
Showroom, or other form of business open only to designers, architects
A piece of fabric, approximately 18 x 18 or 1/2 width X full reapeat on loan for a set amount of tiem, and then returned to the showroom.
the motif size on a fabric or wallcovering
Cutting for approval
Trim, including braid, bullion, fringe, cording, tassels
Fabrics or wallcovering appropriate for use in commercial interiors, including office, hospitality, healthcare, industrial, educational facilities.
Small color ways attached to a larger sample
Copies of original historical fabrics
Horizontal repeat
Vertical repeat
Samples shown in a fabric sample book
Customers own Material
Fabric made to the specification of the designer
Yardage on hold for a specified time to insure availability
Yardage on hold for a specified time to insure availability
Showroom etiquette
Behavior appropriate to a closed showtroom. identify yourself and your business, be considerate of individual rules, and introduce your client or customer. Quote only retail prices.